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[~shefty/rdma-dev.git] / fs / fat / inode.c
1 /*
2  *  linux/fs/fat/inode.c
3  *
4  *  Written 1992,1993 by Werner Almesberger
5  *  VFAT extensions by Gordon Chaffee, merged with msdos fs by Henrik Storner
6  *  Rewritten for the constant inumbers support by Al Viro
7  *
8  *  Fixes:
9  *
10  *      Max Cohan: Fixed invalid FSINFO offset when info_sector is 0
11  */
12
13 #include <linux/module.h>
14 #include <linux/init.h>
15 #include <linux/time.h>
16 #include <linux/slab.h>
17 #include <linux/seq_file.h>
18 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
19 #include <linux/mpage.h>
20 #include <linux/buffer_head.h>
21 #include <linux/exportfs.h>
22 #include <linux/mount.h>
23 #include <linux/vfs.h>
24 #include <linux/parser.h>
25 #include <linux/uio.h>
26 #include <linux/writeback.h>
27 #include <linux/log2.h>
28 #include <linux/hash.h>
29 #include <linux/blkdev.h>
30 #include <asm/unaligned.h>
31 #include "fat.h"
32
33 #ifndef CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET
34 /* if user don't select VFAT, this is undefined. */
35 #define CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET    ""
36 #endif
37
38 static int fat_default_codepage = CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_CODEPAGE;
39 static char fat_default_iocharset[] = CONFIG_FAT_DEFAULT_IOCHARSET;
40
41
42 static int fat_add_cluster(struct inode *inode)
43 {
44         int err, cluster;
45
46         err = fat_alloc_clusters(inode, &cluster, 1);
47         if (err)
48                 return err;
49         /* FIXME: this cluster should be added after data of this
50          * cluster is writed */
51         err = fat_chain_add(inode, cluster, 1);
52         if (err)
53                 fat_free_clusters(inode, cluster);
54         return err;
55 }
56
57 static inline int __fat_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
58                                   unsigned long *max_blocks,
59                                   struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create)
60 {
61         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
62         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
63         unsigned long mapped_blocks;
64         sector_t phys;
65         int err, offset;
66
67         err = fat_bmap(inode, iblock, &phys, &mapped_blocks, create);
68         if (err)
69                 return err;
70         if (phys) {
71                 map_bh(bh_result, sb, phys);
72                 *max_blocks = min(mapped_blocks, *max_blocks);
73                 return 0;
74         }
75         if (!create)
76                 return 0;
77
78         if (iblock != MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private >> sb->s_blocksize_bits) {
79                 fat_fs_error(sb, "corrupted file size (i_pos %lld, %lld)",
80                         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos, MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private);
81                 return -EIO;
82         }
83
84         offset = (unsigned long)iblock & (sbi->sec_per_clus - 1);
85         if (!offset) {
86                 /* TODO: multiple cluster allocation would be desirable. */
87                 err = fat_add_cluster(inode);
88                 if (err)
89                         return err;
90         }
91         /* available blocks on this cluster */
92         mapped_blocks = sbi->sec_per_clus - offset;
93
94         *max_blocks = min(mapped_blocks, *max_blocks);
95         MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private += *max_blocks << sb->s_blocksize_bits;
96
97         err = fat_bmap(inode, iblock, &phys, &mapped_blocks, create);
98         if (err)
99                 return err;
100
101         BUG_ON(!phys);
102         BUG_ON(*max_blocks != mapped_blocks);
103         set_buffer_new(bh_result);
104         map_bh(bh_result, sb, phys);
105
106         return 0;
107 }
108
109 static int fat_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
110                          struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create)
111 {
112         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
113         unsigned long max_blocks = bh_result->b_size >> inode->i_blkbits;
114         int err;
115
116         err = __fat_get_block(inode, iblock, &max_blocks, bh_result, create);
117         if (err)
118                 return err;
119         bh_result->b_size = max_blocks << sb->s_blocksize_bits;
120         return 0;
121 }
122
123 static int fat_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
124 {
125         return block_write_full_page(page, fat_get_block, wbc);
126 }
127
128 static int fat_writepages(struct address_space *mapping,
129                           struct writeback_control *wbc)
130 {
131         return mpage_writepages(mapping, wbc, fat_get_block);
132 }
133
134 static int fat_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page)
135 {
136         return mpage_readpage(page, fat_get_block);
137 }
138
139 static int fat_readpages(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
140                          struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages)
141 {
142         return mpage_readpages(mapping, pages, nr_pages, fat_get_block);
143 }
144
145 static void fat_write_failed(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t to)
146 {
147         struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
148
149         if (to > inode->i_size) {
150                 truncate_pagecache(inode, to, inode->i_size);
151                 fat_truncate_blocks(inode, inode->i_size);
152         }
153 }
154
155 static int fat_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
156                         loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags,
157                         struct page **pagep, void **fsdata)
158 {
159         int err;
160
161         *pagep = NULL;
162         err = cont_write_begin(file, mapping, pos, len, flags,
163                                 pagep, fsdata, fat_get_block,
164                                 &MSDOS_I(mapping->host)->mmu_private);
165         if (err < 0)
166                 fat_write_failed(mapping, pos + len);
167         return err;
168 }
169
170 static int fat_write_end(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
171                         loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned copied,
172                         struct page *pagep, void *fsdata)
173 {
174         struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
175         int err;
176         err = generic_write_end(file, mapping, pos, len, copied, pagep, fsdata);
177         if (err < len)
178                 fat_write_failed(mapping, pos + len);
179         if (!(err < 0) && !(MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs & ATTR_ARCH)) {
180                 inode->i_mtime = inode->i_ctime = CURRENT_TIME_SEC;
181                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_attrs |= ATTR_ARCH;
182                 mark_inode_dirty(inode);
183         }
184         return err;
185 }
186
187 static ssize_t fat_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
188                              const struct iovec *iov,
189                              loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs)
190 {
191         struct file *file = iocb->ki_filp;
192         struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
193         struct inode *inode = mapping->host;
194         ssize_t ret;
195
196         if (rw == WRITE) {
197                 /*
198                  * FIXME: blockdev_direct_IO() doesn't use ->write_begin(),
199                  * so we need to update the ->mmu_private to block boundary.
200                  *
201                  * But we must fill the remaining area or hole by nul for
202                  * updating ->mmu_private.
203                  *
204                  * Return 0, and fallback to normal buffered write.
205                  */
206                 loff_t size = offset + iov_length(iov, nr_segs);
207                 if (MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private < size)
208                         return 0;
209         }
210
211         /*
212          * FAT need to use the DIO_LOCKING for avoiding the race
213          * condition of fat_get_block() and ->truncate().
214          */
215         ret = blockdev_direct_IO(rw, iocb, inode, iov, offset, nr_segs,
216                                  fat_get_block);
217         if (ret < 0 && (rw & WRITE))
218                 fat_write_failed(mapping, offset + iov_length(iov, nr_segs));
219
220         return ret;
221 }
222
223 static sector_t _fat_bmap(struct address_space *mapping, sector_t block)
224 {
225         sector_t blocknr;
226
227         /* fat_get_cluster() assumes the requested blocknr isn't truncated. */
228         down_read(&MSDOS_I(mapping->host)->truncate_lock);
229         blocknr = generic_block_bmap(mapping, block, fat_get_block);
230         up_read(&MSDOS_I(mapping->host)->truncate_lock);
231
232         return blocknr;
233 }
234
235 static const struct address_space_operations fat_aops = {
236         .readpage       = fat_readpage,
237         .readpages      = fat_readpages,
238         .writepage      = fat_writepage,
239         .writepages     = fat_writepages,
240         .write_begin    = fat_write_begin,
241         .write_end      = fat_write_end,
242         .direct_IO      = fat_direct_IO,
243         .bmap           = _fat_bmap
244 };
245
246 /*
247  * New FAT inode stuff. We do the following:
248  *      a) i_ino is constant and has nothing with on-disk location.
249  *      b) FAT manages its own cache of directory entries.
250  *      c) *This* cache is indexed by on-disk location.
251  *      d) inode has an associated directory entry, all right, but
252  *              it may be unhashed.
253  *      e) currently entries are stored within struct inode. That should
254  *              change.
255  *      f) we deal with races in the following way:
256  *              1. readdir() and lookup() do FAT-dir-cache lookup.
257  *              2. rename() unhashes the F-d-c entry and rehashes it in
258  *                      a new place.
259  *              3. unlink() and rmdir() unhash F-d-c entry.
260  *              4. fat_write_inode() checks whether the thing is unhashed.
261  *                      If it is we silently return. If it isn't we do bread(),
262  *                      check if the location is still valid and retry if it
263  *                      isn't. Otherwise we do changes.
264  *              5. Spinlock is used to protect hash/unhash/location check/lookup
265  *              6. fat_evict_inode() unhashes the F-d-c entry.
266  *              7. lookup() and readdir() do igrab() if they find a F-d-c entry
267  *                      and consider negative result as cache miss.
268  */
269
270 static void fat_hash_init(struct super_block *sb)
271 {
272         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
273         int i;
274
275         spin_lock_init(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
276         for (i = 0; i < FAT_HASH_SIZE; i++)
277                 INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&sbi->inode_hashtable[i]);
278 }
279
280 static inline unsigned long fat_hash(loff_t i_pos)
281 {
282         return hash_32(i_pos, FAT_HASH_BITS);
283 }
284
285 static void dir_hash_init(struct super_block *sb)
286 {
287         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
288         int i;
289
290         spin_lock_init(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
291         for (i = 0; i < FAT_HASH_SIZE; i++)
292                 INIT_HLIST_HEAD(&sbi->dir_hashtable[i]);
293 }
294
295 void fat_attach(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_pos)
296 {
297         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
298
299         if (inode->i_ino != MSDOS_ROOT_INO) {
300                 struct hlist_head *head =   sbi->inode_hashtable
301                                           + fat_hash(i_pos);
302
303                 spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
304                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = i_pos;
305                 hlist_add_head(&MSDOS_I(inode)->i_fat_hash, head);
306                 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
307         }
308
309         /* If NFS support is enabled, cache the mapping of start cluster
310          * to directory inode. This is used during reconnection of
311          * dentries to the filesystem root.
312          */
313         if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) && sbi->options.nfs) {
314                 struct hlist_head *d_head = sbi->dir_hashtable;
315                 d_head += fat_dir_hash(MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart);
316
317                 spin_lock(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
318                 hlist_add_head(&MSDOS_I(inode)->i_dir_hash, d_head);
319                 spin_unlock(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
320         }
321 }
322 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_attach);
323
324 void fat_detach(struct inode *inode)
325 {
326         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
327         spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
328         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = 0;
329         hlist_del_init(&MSDOS_I(inode)->i_fat_hash);
330         spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
331
332         if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) && sbi->options.nfs) {
333                 spin_lock(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
334                 hlist_del_init(&MSDOS_I(inode)->i_dir_hash);
335                 spin_unlock(&sbi->dir_hash_lock);
336         }
337 }
338 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_detach);
339
340 struct inode *fat_iget(struct super_block *sb, loff_t i_pos)
341 {
342         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
343         struct hlist_head *head = sbi->inode_hashtable + fat_hash(i_pos);
344         struct hlist_node *_p;
345         struct msdos_inode_info *i;
346         struct inode *inode = NULL;
347
348         spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
349         hlist_for_each_entry(i, _p, head, i_fat_hash) {
350                 BUG_ON(i->vfs_inode.i_sb != sb);
351                 if (i->i_pos != i_pos)
352                         continue;
353                 inode = igrab(&i->vfs_inode);
354                 if (inode)
355                         break;
356         }
357         spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
358         return inode;
359 }
360
361 static int is_exec(unsigned char *extension)
362 {
363         unsigned char *exe_extensions = "EXECOMBAT", *walk;
364
365         for (walk = exe_extensions; *walk; walk += 3)
366                 if (!strncmp(extension, walk, 3))
367                         return 1;
368         return 0;
369 }
370
371 static int fat_calc_dir_size(struct inode *inode)
372 {
373         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
374         int ret, fclus, dclus;
375
376         inode->i_size = 0;
377         if (MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start == 0)
378                 return 0;
379
380         ret = fat_get_cluster(inode, FAT_ENT_EOF, &fclus, &dclus);
381         if (ret < 0)
382                 return ret;
383         inode->i_size = (fclus + 1) << sbi->cluster_bits;
384
385         return 0;
386 }
387
388 /* doesn't deal with root inode */
389 static int fat_fill_inode(struct inode *inode, struct msdos_dir_entry *de)
390 {
391         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(inode->i_sb);
392         int error;
393
394         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = 0;
395         inode->i_uid = sbi->options.fs_uid;
396         inode->i_gid = sbi->options.fs_gid;
397         inode->i_version++;
398         inode->i_generation = get_seconds();
399
400         if ((de->attr & ATTR_DIR) && !IS_FREE(de->name)) {
401                 inode->i_generation &= ~1;
402                 inode->i_mode = fat_make_mode(sbi, de->attr, S_IRWXUGO);
403                 inode->i_op = sbi->dir_ops;
404                 inode->i_fop = &fat_dir_operations;
405
406                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = fat_get_start(sbi, de);
407                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start;
408                 error = fat_calc_dir_size(inode);
409                 if (error < 0)
410                         return error;
411                 MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private = inode->i_size;
412
413                 set_nlink(inode, fat_subdirs(inode));
414         } else { /* not a directory */
415                 inode->i_generation |= 1;
416                 inode->i_mode = fat_make_mode(sbi, de->attr,
417                         ((sbi->options.showexec && !is_exec(de->name + 8))
418                          ? S_IRUGO|S_IWUGO : S_IRWXUGO));
419                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = fat_get_start(sbi, de);
420
421                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start;
422                 inode->i_size = le32_to_cpu(de->size);
423                 inode->i_op = &fat_file_inode_operations;
424                 inode->i_fop = &fat_file_operations;
425                 inode->i_mapping->a_ops = &fat_aops;
426                 MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private = inode->i_size;
427         }
428         if (de->attr & ATTR_SYS) {
429                 if (sbi->options.sys_immutable)
430                         inode->i_flags |= S_IMMUTABLE;
431         }
432         fat_save_attrs(inode, de->attr);
433
434         inode->i_blocks = ((inode->i_size + (sbi->cluster_size - 1))
435                            & ~((loff_t)sbi->cluster_size - 1)) >> 9;
436
437         fat_time_fat2unix(sbi, &inode->i_mtime, de->time, de->date, 0);
438         if (sbi->options.isvfat) {
439                 fat_time_fat2unix(sbi, &inode->i_ctime, de->ctime,
440                                   de->cdate, de->ctime_cs);
441                 fat_time_fat2unix(sbi, &inode->i_atime, 0, de->adate, 0);
442         } else
443                 inode->i_ctime = inode->i_atime = inode->i_mtime;
444
445         return 0;
446 }
447
448 struct inode *fat_build_inode(struct super_block *sb,
449                         struct msdos_dir_entry *de, loff_t i_pos)
450 {
451         struct inode *inode;
452         int err;
453
454         inode = fat_iget(sb, i_pos);
455         if (inode)
456                 goto out;
457         inode = new_inode(sb);
458         if (!inode) {
459                 inode = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
460                 goto out;
461         }
462         inode->i_ino = iunique(sb, MSDOS_ROOT_INO);
463         inode->i_version = 1;
464         err = fat_fill_inode(inode, de);
465         if (err) {
466                 iput(inode);
467                 inode = ERR_PTR(err);
468                 goto out;
469         }
470         fat_attach(inode, i_pos);
471         insert_inode_hash(inode);
472 out:
473         return inode;
474 }
475
476 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_build_inode);
477
478 static void fat_evict_inode(struct inode *inode)
479 {
480         truncate_inode_pages(&inode->i_data, 0);
481         if (!inode->i_nlink) {
482                 inode->i_size = 0;
483                 fat_truncate_blocks(inode, 0);
484         }
485         invalidate_inode_buffers(inode);
486         clear_inode(inode);
487         fat_cache_inval_inode(inode);
488         fat_detach(inode);
489 }
490
491 static void fat_put_super(struct super_block *sb)
492 {
493         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
494
495         iput(sbi->fsinfo_inode);
496         iput(sbi->fat_inode);
497
498         unload_nls(sbi->nls_disk);
499         unload_nls(sbi->nls_io);
500
501         if (sbi->options.iocharset != fat_default_iocharset)
502                 kfree(sbi->options.iocharset);
503
504         sb->s_fs_info = NULL;
505         kfree(sbi);
506 }
507
508 static struct kmem_cache *fat_inode_cachep;
509
510 static struct inode *fat_alloc_inode(struct super_block *sb)
511 {
512         struct msdos_inode_info *ei;
513         ei = kmem_cache_alloc(fat_inode_cachep, GFP_NOFS);
514         if (!ei)
515                 return NULL;
516
517         init_rwsem(&ei->truncate_lock);
518         return &ei->vfs_inode;
519 }
520
521 static void fat_i_callback(struct rcu_head *head)
522 {
523         struct inode *inode = container_of(head, struct inode, i_rcu);
524         kmem_cache_free(fat_inode_cachep, MSDOS_I(inode));
525 }
526
527 static void fat_destroy_inode(struct inode *inode)
528 {
529         call_rcu(&inode->i_rcu, fat_i_callback);
530 }
531
532 static void init_once(void *foo)
533 {
534         struct msdos_inode_info *ei = (struct msdos_inode_info *)foo;
535
536         spin_lock_init(&ei->cache_lru_lock);
537         ei->nr_caches = 0;
538         ei->cache_valid_id = FAT_CACHE_VALID + 1;
539         INIT_LIST_HEAD(&ei->cache_lru);
540         INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ei->i_fat_hash);
541         INIT_HLIST_NODE(&ei->i_dir_hash);
542         inode_init_once(&ei->vfs_inode);
543 }
544
545 static int __init fat_init_inodecache(void)
546 {
547         fat_inode_cachep = kmem_cache_create("fat_inode_cache",
548                                              sizeof(struct msdos_inode_info),
549                                              0, (SLAB_RECLAIM_ACCOUNT|
550                                                 SLAB_MEM_SPREAD),
551                                              init_once);
552         if (fat_inode_cachep == NULL)
553                 return -ENOMEM;
554         return 0;
555 }
556
557 static void __exit fat_destroy_inodecache(void)
558 {
559         /*
560          * Make sure all delayed rcu free inodes are flushed before we
561          * destroy cache.
562          */
563         rcu_barrier();
564         kmem_cache_destroy(fat_inode_cachep);
565 }
566
567 static int fat_remount(struct super_block *sb, int *flags, char *data)
568 {
569         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
570         *flags |= MS_NODIRATIME | (sbi->options.isvfat ? 0 : MS_NOATIME);
571         return 0;
572 }
573
574 static int fat_statfs(struct dentry *dentry, struct kstatfs *buf)
575 {
576         struct super_block *sb = dentry->d_sb;
577         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
578         u64 id = huge_encode_dev(sb->s_bdev->bd_dev);
579
580         /* If the count of free cluster is still unknown, counts it here. */
581         if (sbi->free_clusters == -1 || !sbi->free_clus_valid) {
582                 int err = fat_count_free_clusters(dentry->d_sb);
583                 if (err)
584                         return err;
585         }
586
587         buf->f_type = dentry->d_sb->s_magic;
588         buf->f_bsize = sbi->cluster_size;
589         buf->f_blocks = sbi->max_cluster - FAT_START_ENT;
590         buf->f_bfree = sbi->free_clusters;
591         buf->f_bavail = sbi->free_clusters;
592         buf->f_fsid.val[0] = (u32)id;
593         buf->f_fsid.val[1] = (u32)(id >> 32);
594         buf->f_namelen =
595                 (sbi->options.isvfat ? FAT_LFN_LEN : 12) * NLS_MAX_CHARSET_SIZE;
596
597         return 0;
598 }
599
600 static inline loff_t fat_i_pos_read(struct msdos_sb_info *sbi,
601                                     struct inode *inode)
602 {
603         loff_t i_pos;
604 #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
605         spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
606 #endif
607         i_pos = MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos;
608 #if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
609         spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
610 #endif
611         return i_pos;
612 }
613
614 static int __fat_write_inode(struct inode *inode, int wait)
615 {
616         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
617         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
618         struct buffer_head *bh;
619         struct msdos_dir_entry *raw_entry;
620         loff_t i_pos;
621         int err;
622
623         if (inode->i_ino == MSDOS_ROOT_INO)
624                 return 0;
625
626 retry:
627         i_pos = fat_i_pos_read(sbi, inode);
628         if (!i_pos)
629                 return 0;
630
631         bh = sb_bread(sb, i_pos >> sbi->dir_per_block_bits);
632         if (!bh) {
633                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read inode block "
634                        "for updating (i_pos %lld)", i_pos);
635                 return -EIO;
636         }
637         spin_lock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
638         if (i_pos != MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos) {
639                 spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
640                 brelse(bh);
641                 goto retry;
642         }
643
644         raw_entry = &((struct msdos_dir_entry *) (bh->b_data))
645             [i_pos & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1)];
646         if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode))
647                 raw_entry->size = 0;
648         else
649                 raw_entry->size = cpu_to_le32(inode->i_size);
650         raw_entry->attr = fat_make_attrs(inode);
651         fat_set_start(raw_entry, MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart);
652         fat_time_unix2fat(sbi, &inode->i_mtime, &raw_entry->time,
653                           &raw_entry->date, NULL);
654         if (sbi->options.isvfat) {
655                 __le16 atime;
656                 fat_time_unix2fat(sbi, &inode->i_ctime, &raw_entry->ctime,
657                                   &raw_entry->cdate, &raw_entry->ctime_cs);
658                 fat_time_unix2fat(sbi, &inode->i_atime, &atime,
659                                   &raw_entry->adate, NULL);
660         }
661         spin_unlock(&sbi->inode_hash_lock);
662         mark_buffer_dirty(bh);
663         err = 0;
664         if (wait)
665                 err = sync_dirty_buffer(bh);
666         brelse(bh);
667         return err;
668 }
669
670 static int fat_write_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc)
671 {
672         int err;
673
674         if (inode->i_ino == MSDOS_FSINFO_INO) {
675                 struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
676
677                 mutex_lock(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->s_lock);
678                 err = fat_clusters_flush(sb);
679                 mutex_unlock(&MSDOS_SB(sb)->s_lock);
680         } else
681                 err = __fat_write_inode(inode, wbc->sync_mode == WB_SYNC_ALL);
682
683         return err;
684 }
685
686 int fat_sync_inode(struct inode *inode)
687 {
688         return __fat_write_inode(inode, 1);
689 }
690
691 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_sync_inode);
692
693 static int fat_show_options(struct seq_file *m, struct dentry *root);
694 static const struct super_operations fat_sops = {
695         .alloc_inode    = fat_alloc_inode,
696         .destroy_inode  = fat_destroy_inode,
697         .write_inode    = fat_write_inode,
698         .evict_inode    = fat_evict_inode,
699         .put_super      = fat_put_super,
700         .statfs         = fat_statfs,
701         .remount_fs     = fat_remount,
702
703         .show_options   = fat_show_options,
704 };
705
706 static const struct export_operations fat_export_ops = {
707         .fh_to_dentry   = fat_fh_to_dentry,
708         .fh_to_parent   = fat_fh_to_parent,
709         .get_parent     = fat_get_parent,
710 };
711
712 static int fat_show_options(struct seq_file *m, struct dentry *root)
713 {
714         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(root->d_sb);
715         struct fat_mount_options *opts = &sbi->options;
716         int isvfat = opts->isvfat;
717
718         if (!uid_eq(opts->fs_uid, GLOBAL_ROOT_UID))
719                 seq_printf(m, ",uid=%u",
720                                 from_kuid_munged(&init_user_ns, opts->fs_uid));
721         if (!gid_eq(opts->fs_gid, GLOBAL_ROOT_GID))
722                 seq_printf(m, ",gid=%u",
723                                 from_kgid_munged(&init_user_ns, opts->fs_gid));
724         seq_printf(m, ",fmask=%04o", opts->fs_fmask);
725         seq_printf(m, ",dmask=%04o", opts->fs_dmask);
726         if (opts->allow_utime)
727                 seq_printf(m, ",allow_utime=%04o", opts->allow_utime);
728         if (sbi->nls_disk)
729                 seq_printf(m, ",codepage=%s", sbi->nls_disk->charset);
730         if (isvfat) {
731                 if (sbi->nls_io)
732                         seq_printf(m, ",iocharset=%s", sbi->nls_io->charset);
733
734                 switch (opts->shortname) {
735                 case VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95 | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95:
736                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=win95");
737                         break;
738                 case VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT:
739                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=winnt");
740                         break;
741                 case VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95:
742                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=mixed");
743                         break;
744                 case VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95:
745                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=lower");
746                         break;
747                 default:
748                         seq_puts(m, ",shortname=unknown");
749                         break;
750                 }
751         }
752         if (opts->name_check != 'n')
753                 seq_printf(m, ",check=%c", opts->name_check);
754         if (opts->usefree)
755                 seq_puts(m, ",usefree");
756         if (opts->quiet)
757                 seq_puts(m, ",quiet");
758         if (opts->nfs)
759                 seq_puts(m, ",nfs");
760         if (opts->showexec)
761                 seq_puts(m, ",showexec");
762         if (opts->sys_immutable)
763                 seq_puts(m, ",sys_immutable");
764         if (!isvfat) {
765                 if (opts->dotsOK)
766                         seq_puts(m, ",dotsOK=yes");
767                 if (opts->nocase)
768                         seq_puts(m, ",nocase");
769         } else {
770                 if (opts->utf8)
771                         seq_puts(m, ",utf8");
772                 if (opts->unicode_xlate)
773                         seq_puts(m, ",uni_xlate");
774                 if (!opts->numtail)
775                         seq_puts(m, ",nonumtail");
776                 if (opts->rodir)
777                         seq_puts(m, ",rodir");
778         }
779         if (opts->flush)
780                 seq_puts(m, ",flush");
781         if (opts->tz_set) {
782                 if (opts->time_offset)
783                         seq_printf(m, ",time_offset=%d", opts->time_offset);
784                 else
785                         seq_puts(m, ",tz=UTC");
786         }
787         if (opts->errors == FAT_ERRORS_CONT)
788                 seq_puts(m, ",errors=continue");
789         else if (opts->errors == FAT_ERRORS_PANIC)
790                 seq_puts(m, ",errors=panic");
791         else
792                 seq_puts(m, ",errors=remount-ro");
793         if (opts->discard)
794                 seq_puts(m, ",discard");
795
796         return 0;
797 }
798
799 enum {
800         Opt_check_n, Opt_check_r, Opt_check_s, Opt_uid, Opt_gid,
801         Opt_umask, Opt_dmask, Opt_fmask, Opt_allow_utime, Opt_codepage,
802         Opt_usefree, Opt_nocase, Opt_quiet, Opt_showexec, Opt_debug,
803         Opt_immutable, Opt_dots, Opt_nodots,
804         Opt_charset, Opt_shortname_lower, Opt_shortname_win95,
805         Opt_shortname_winnt, Opt_shortname_mixed, Opt_utf8_no, Opt_utf8_yes,
806         Opt_uni_xl_no, Opt_uni_xl_yes, Opt_nonumtail_no, Opt_nonumtail_yes,
807         Opt_obsolete, Opt_flush, Opt_tz_utc, Opt_rodir, Opt_err_cont,
808         Opt_err_panic, Opt_err_ro, Opt_discard, Opt_nfs, Opt_time_offset,
809         Opt_err,
810 };
811
812 static const match_table_t fat_tokens = {
813         {Opt_check_r, "check=relaxed"},
814         {Opt_check_s, "check=strict"},
815         {Opt_check_n, "check=normal"},
816         {Opt_check_r, "check=r"},
817         {Opt_check_s, "check=s"},
818         {Opt_check_n, "check=n"},
819         {Opt_uid, "uid=%u"},
820         {Opt_gid, "gid=%u"},
821         {Opt_umask, "umask=%o"},
822         {Opt_dmask, "dmask=%o"},
823         {Opt_fmask, "fmask=%o"},
824         {Opt_allow_utime, "allow_utime=%o"},
825         {Opt_codepage, "codepage=%u"},
826         {Opt_usefree, "usefree"},
827         {Opt_nocase, "nocase"},
828         {Opt_quiet, "quiet"},
829         {Opt_showexec, "showexec"},
830         {Opt_debug, "debug"},
831         {Opt_immutable, "sys_immutable"},
832         {Opt_flush, "flush"},
833         {Opt_tz_utc, "tz=UTC"},
834         {Opt_time_offset, "time_offset=%d"},
835         {Opt_err_cont, "errors=continue"},
836         {Opt_err_panic, "errors=panic"},
837         {Opt_err_ro, "errors=remount-ro"},
838         {Opt_discard, "discard"},
839         {Opt_nfs, "nfs"},
840         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=binary"},
841         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=text"},
842         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=auto"},
843         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=b"},
844         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=t"},
845         {Opt_obsolete, "conv=a"},
846         {Opt_obsolete, "fat=%u"},
847         {Opt_obsolete, "blocksize=%u"},
848         {Opt_obsolete, "cvf_format=%20s"},
849         {Opt_obsolete, "cvf_options=%100s"},
850         {Opt_obsolete, "posix"},
851         {Opt_err, NULL},
852 };
853 static const match_table_t msdos_tokens = {
854         {Opt_nodots, "nodots"},
855         {Opt_nodots, "dotsOK=no"},
856         {Opt_dots, "dots"},
857         {Opt_dots, "dotsOK=yes"},
858         {Opt_err, NULL}
859 };
860 static const match_table_t vfat_tokens = {
861         {Opt_charset, "iocharset=%s"},
862         {Opt_shortname_lower, "shortname=lower"},
863         {Opt_shortname_win95, "shortname=win95"},
864         {Opt_shortname_winnt, "shortname=winnt"},
865         {Opt_shortname_mixed, "shortname=mixed"},
866         {Opt_utf8_no, "utf8=0"},                /* 0 or no or false */
867         {Opt_utf8_no, "utf8=no"},
868         {Opt_utf8_no, "utf8=false"},
869         {Opt_utf8_yes, "utf8=1"},               /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
870         {Opt_utf8_yes, "utf8=yes"},
871         {Opt_utf8_yes, "utf8=true"},
872         {Opt_utf8_yes, "utf8"},
873         {Opt_uni_xl_no, "uni_xlate=0"},         /* 0 or no or false */
874         {Opt_uni_xl_no, "uni_xlate=no"},
875         {Opt_uni_xl_no, "uni_xlate=false"},
876         {Opt_uni_xl_yes, "uni_xlate=1"},        /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
877         {Opt_uni_xl_yes, "uni_xlate=yes"},
878         {Opt_uni_xl_yes, "uni_xlate=true"},
879         {Opt_uni_xl_yes, "uni_xlate"},
880         {Opt_nonumtail_no, "nonumtail=0"},      /* 0 or no or false */
881         {Opt_nonumtail_no, "nonumtail=no"},
882         {Opt_nonumtail_no, "nonumtail=false"},
883         {Opt_nonumtail_yes, "nonumtail=1"},     /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
884         {Opt_nonumtail_yes, "nonumtail=yes"},
885         {Opt_nonumtail_yes, "nonumtail=true"},
886         {Opt_nonumtail_yes, "nonumtail"},
887         {Opt_rodir, "rodir"},
888         {Opt_err, NULL}
889 };
890
891 static int parse_options(struct super_block *sb, char *options, int is_vfat,
892                          int silent, int *debug, struct fat_mount_options *opts)
893 {
894         char *p;
895         substring_t args[MAX_OPT_ARGS];
896         int option;
897         char *iocharset;
898
899         opts->isvfat = is_vfat;
900
901         opts->fs_uid = current_uid();
902         opts->fs_gid = current_gid();
903         opts->fs_fmask = opts->fs_dmask = current_umask();
904         opts->allow_utime = -1;
905         opts->codepage = fat_default_codepage;
906         opts->iocharset = fat_default_iocharset;
907         if (is_vfat) {
908                 opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT|VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
909                 opts->rodir = 0;
910         } else {
911                 opts->shortname = 0;
912                 opts->rodir = 1;
913         }
914         opts->name_check = 'n';
915         opts->quiet = opts->showexec = opts->sys_immutable = opts->dotsOK =  0;
916         opts->utf8 = opts->unicode_xlate = 0;
917         opts->numtail = 1;
918         opts->usefree = opts->nocase = 0;
919         opts->tz_set = 0;
920         opts->nfs = 0;
921         opts->errors = FAT_ERRORS_RO;
922         *debug = 0;
923
924         if (!options)
925                 goto out;
926
927         while ((p = strsep(&options, ",")) != NULL) {
928                 int token;
929                 if (!*p)
930                         continue;
931
932                 token = match_token(p, fat_tokens, args);
933                 if (token == Opt_err) {
934                         if (is_vfat)
935                                 token = match_token(p, vfat_tokens, args);
936                         else
937                                 token = match_token(p, msdos_tokens, args);
938                 }
939                 switch (token) {
940                 case Opt_check_s:
941                         opts->name_check = 's';
942                         break;
943                 case Opt_check_r:
944                         opts->name_check = 'r';
945                         break;
946                 case Opt_check_n:
947                         opts->name_check = 'n';
948                         break;
949                 case Opt_usefree:
950                         opts->usefree = 1;
951                         break;
952                 case Opt_nocase:
953                         if (!is_vfat)
954                                 opts->nocase = 1;
955                         else {
956                                 /* for backward compatibility */
957                                 opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95
958                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
959                         }
960                         break;
961                 case Opt_quiet:
962                         opts->quiet = 1;
963                         break;
964                 case Opt_showexec:
965                         opts->showexec = 1;
966                         break;
967                 case Opt_debug:
968                         *debug = 1;
969                         break;
970                 case Opt_immutable:
971                         opts->sys_immutable = 1;
972                         break;
973                 case Opt_uid:
974                         if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
975                                 return -EINVAL;
976                         opts->fs_uid = make_kuid(current_user_ns(), option);
977                         if (!uid_valid(opts->fs_uid))
978                                 return -EINVAL;
979                         break;
980                 case Opt_gid:
981                         if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
982                                 return -EINVAL;
983                         opts->fs_gid = make_kgid(current_user_ns(), option);
984                         if (!gid_valid(opts->fs_gid))
985                                 return -EINVAL;
986                         break;
987                 case Opt_umask:
988                         if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
989                                 return -EINVAL;
990                         opts->fs_fmask = opts->fs_dmask = option;
991                         break;
992                 case Opt_dmask:
993                         if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
994                                 return -EINVAL;
995                         opts->fs_dmask = option;
996                         break;
997                 case Opt_fmask:
998                         if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
999                                 return -EINVAL;
1000                         opts->fs_fmask = option;
1001                         break;
1002                 case Opt_allow_utime:
1003                         if (match_octal(&args[0], &option))
1004                                 return -EINVAL;
1005                         opts->allow_utime = option & (S_IWGRP | S_IWOTH);
1006                         break;
1007                 case Opt_codepage:
1008                         if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
1009                                 return -EINVAL;
1010                         opts->codepage = option;
1011                         break;
1012                 case Opt_flush:
1013                         opts->flush = 1;
1014                         break;
1015                 case Opt_time_offset:
1016                         if (match_int(&args[0], &option))
1017                                 return -EINVAL;
1018                         if (option < -12 * 60 || option > 12 * 60)
1019                                 return -EINVAL;
1020                         opts->tz_set = 1;
1021                         opts->time_offset = option;
1022                         break;
1023                 case Opt_tz_utc:
1024                         opts->tz_set = 1;
1025                         opts->time_offset = 0;
1026                         break;
1027                 case Opt_err_cont:
1028                         opts->errors = FAT_ERRORS_CONT;
1029                         break;
1030                 case Opt_err_panic:
1031                         opts->errors = FAT_ERRORS_PANIC;
1032                         break;
1033                 case Opt_err_ro:
1034                         opts->errors = FAT_ERRORS_RO;
1035                         break;
1036
1037                 /* msdos specific */
1038                 case Opt_dots:
1039                         opts->dotsOK = 1;
1040                         break;
1041                 case Opt_nodots:
1042                         opts->dotsOK = 0;
1043                         break;
1044
1045                 /* vfat specific */
1046                 case Opt_charset:
1047                         if (opts->iocharset != fat_default_iocharset)
1048                                 kfree(opts->iocharset);
1049                         iocharset = match_strdup(&args[0]);
1050                         if (!iocharset)
1051                                 return -ENOMEM;
1052                         opts->iocharset = iocharset;
1053                         break;
1054                 case Opt_shortname_lower:
1055                         opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_LOWER
1056                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
1057                         break;
1058                 case Opt_shortname_win95:
1059                         opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WIN95
1060                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
1061                         break;
1062                 case Opt_shortname_winnt:
1063                         opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT
1064                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WINNT;
1065                         break;
1066                 case Opt_shortname_mixed:
1067                         opts->shortname = VFAT_SFN_DISPLAY_WINNT
1068                                         | VFAT_SFN_CREATE_WIN95;
1069                         break;
1070                 case Opt_utf8_no:               /* 0 or no or false */
1071                         opts->utf8 = 0;
1072                         break;
1073                 case Opt_utf8_yes:              /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1074                         opts->utf8 = 1;
1075                         break;
1076                 case Opt_uni_xl_no:             /* 0 or no or false */
1077                         opts->unicode_xlate = 0;
1078                         break;
1079                 case Opt_uni_xl_yes:            /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1080                         opts->unicode_xlate = 1;
1081                         break;
1082                 case Opt_nonumtail_no:          /* 0 or no or false */
1083                         opts->numtail = 1;      /* negated option */
1084                         break;
1085                 case Opt_nonumtail_yes:         /* empty or 1 or yes or true */
1086                         opts->numtail = 0;      /* negated option */
1087                         break;
1088                 case Opt_rodir:
1089                         opts->rodir = 1;
1090                         break;
1091                 case Opt_discard:
1092                         opts->discard = 1;
1093                         break;
1094                 case Opt_nfs:
1095                         opts->nfs = 1;
1096                         break;
1097
1098                 /* obsolete mount options */
1099                 case Opt_obsolete:
1100                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "\"%s\" option is obsolete, "
1101                                "not supported now", p);
1102                         break;
1103                 /* unknown option */
1104                 default:
1105                         if (!silent) {
1106                                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR,
1107                                        "Unrecognized mount option \"%s\" "
1108                                        "or missing value", p);
1109                         }
1110                         return -EINVAL;
1111                 }
1112         }
1113
1114 out:
1115         /* UTF-8 doesn't provide FAT semantics */
1116         if (!strcmp(opts->iocharset, "utf8")) {
1117                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "utf8 is not a recommended IO charset"
1118                        " for FAT filesystems, filesystem will be "
1119                        "case sensitive!");
1120         }
1121
1122         /* If user doesn't specify allow_utime, it's initialized from dmask. */
1123         if (opts->allow_utime == (unsigned short)-1)
1124                 opts->allow_utime = ~opts->fs_dmask & (S_IWGRP | S_IWOTH);
1125         if (opts->unicode_xlate)
1126                 opts->utf8 = 0;
1127
1128         return 0;
1129 }
1130
1131 static int fat_read_root(struct inode *inode)
1132 {
1133         struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
1134         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi = MSDOS_SB(sb);
1135         int error;
1136
1137         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_pos = 0;
1138         inode->i_uid = sbi->options.fs_uid;
1139         inode->i_gid = sbi->options.fs_gid;
1140         inode->i_version++;
1141         inode->i_generation = 0;
1142         inode->i_mode = fat_make_mode(sbi, ATTR_DIR, S_IRWXUGO);
1143         inode->i_op = sbi->dir_ops;
1144         inode->i_fop = &fat_dir_operations;
1145         if (sbi->fat_bits == 32) {
1146                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = sbi->root_cluster;
1147                 error = fat_calc_dir_size(inode);
1148                 if (error < 0)
1149                         return error;
1150         } else {
1151                 MSDOS_I(inode)->i_start = 0;
1152                 inode->i_size = sbi->dir_entries * sizeof(struct msdos_dir_entry);
1153         }
1154         inode->i_blocks = ((inode->i_size + (sbi->cluster_size - 1))
1155                            & ~((loff_t)sbi->cluster_size - 1)) >> 9;
1156         MSDOS_I(inode)->i_logstart = 0;
1157         MSDOS_I(inode)->mmu_private = inode->i_size;
1158
1159         fat_save_attrs(inode, ATTR_DIR);
1160         inode->i_mtime.tv_sec = inode->i_atime.tv_sec = inode->i_ctime.tv_sec = 0;
1161         inode->i_mtime.tv_nsec = inode->i_atime.tv_nsec = inode->i_ctime.tv_nsec = 0;
1162         set_nlink(inode, fat_subdirs(inode)+2);
1163
1164         return 0;
1165 }
1166
1167 /*
1168  * Read the super block of an MS-DOS FS.
1169  */
1170 int fat_fill_super(struct super_block *sb, void *data, int silent, int isvfat,
1171                    void (*setup)(struct super_block *))
1172 {
1173         struct inode *root_inode = NULL, *fat_inode = NULL;
1174         struct inode *fsinfo_inode = NULL;
1175         struct buffer_head *bh;
1176         struct fat_boot_sector *b;
1177         struct msdos_sb_info *sbi;
1178         u16 logical_sector_size;
1179         u32 total_sectors, total_clusters, fat_clusters, rootdir_sectors;
1180         int debug;
1181         unsigned int media;
1182         long error;
1183         char buf[50];
1184
1185         /*
1186          * GFP_KERNEL is ok here, because while we do hold the
1187          * supeblock lock, memory pressure can't call back into
1188          * the filesystem, since we're only just about to mount
1189          * it and have no inodes etc active!
1190          */
1191         sbi = kzalloc(sizeof(struct msdos_sb_info), GFP_KERNEL);
1192         if (!sbi)
1193                 return -ENOMEM;
1194         sb->s_fs_info = sbi;
1195
1196         sb->s_flags |= MS_NODIRATIME;
1197         sb->s_magic = MSDOS_SUPER_MAGIC;
1198         sb->s_op = &fat_sops;
1199         sb->s_export_op = &fat_export_ops;
1200         ratelimit_state_init(&sbi->ratelimit, DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_INTERVAL,
1201                              DEFAULT_RATELIMIT_BURST);
1202
1203         error = parse_options(sb, data, isvfat, silent, &debug, &sbi->options);
1204         if (error)
1205                 goto out_fail;
1206
1207         setup(sb); /* flavour-specific stuff that needs options */
1208
1209         error = -EIO;
1210         sb_min_blocksize(sb, 512);
1211         bh = sb_bread(sb, 0);
1212         if (bh == NULL) {
1213                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read boot sector");
1214                 goto out_fail;
1215         }
1216
1217         b = (struct fat_boot_sector *) bh->b_data;
1218         if (!b->reserved) {
1219                 if (!silent)
1220                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus number of reserved sectors");
1221                 brelse(bh);
1222                 goto out_invalid;
1223         }
1224         if (!b->fats) {
1225                 if (!silent)
1226                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus number of FAT structure");
1227                 brelse(bh);
1228                 goto out_invalid;
1229         }
1230
1231         /*
1232          * Earlier we checked here that b->secs_track and b->head are nonzero,
1233          * but it turns out valid FAT filesystems can have zero there.
1234          */
1235
1236         media = b->media;
1237         if (!fat_valid_media(media)) {
1238                 if (!silent)
1239                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "invalid media value (0x%02x)",
1240                                media);
1241                 brelse(bh);
1242                 goto out_invalid;
1243         }
1244         logical_sector_size = get_unaligned_le16(&b->sector_size);
1245         if (!is_power_of_2(logical_sector_size)
1246             || (logical_sector_size < 512)
1247             || (logical_sector_size > 4096)) {
1248                 if (!silent)
1249                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus logical sector size %u",
1250                                logical_sector_size);
1251                 brelse(bh);
1252                 goto out_invalid;
1253         }
1254         sbi->sec_per_clus = b->sec_per_clus;
1255         if (!is_power_of_2(sbi->sec_per_clus)) {
1256                 if (!silent)
1257                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus sectors per cluster %u",
1258                                sbi->sec_per_clus);
1259                 brelse(bh);
1260                 goto out_invalid;
1261         }
1262
1263         if (logical_sector_size < sb->s_blocksize) {
1264                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "logical sector size too small for device"
1265                        " (logical sector size = %u)", logical_sector_size);
1266                 brelse(bh);
1267                 goto out_fail;
1268         }
1269         if (logical_sector_size > sb->s_blocksize) {
1270                 brelse(bh);
1271
1272                 if (!sb_set_blocksize(sb, logical_sector_size)) {
1273                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to set blocksize %u",
1274                                logical_sector_size);
1275                         goto out_fail;
1276                 }
1277                 bh = sb_bread(sb, 0);
1278                 if (bh == NULL) {
1279                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "unable to read boot sector"
1280                                " (logical sector size = %lu)",
1281                                sb->s_blocksize);
1282                         goto out_fail;
1283                 }
1284                 b = (struct fat_boot_sector *) bh->b_data;
1285         }
1286
1287         mutex_init(&sbi->s_lock);
1288         sbi->cluster_size = sb->s_blocksize * sbi->sec_per_clus;
1289         sbi->cluster_bits = ffs(sbi->cluster_size) - 1;
1290         sbi->fats = b->fats;
1291         sbi->fat_bits = 0;              /* Don't know yet */
1292         sbi->fat_start = le16_to_cpu(b->reserved);
1293         sbi->fat_length = le16_to_cpu(b->fat_length);
1294         sbi->root_cluster = 0;
1295         sbi->free_clusters = -1;        /* Don't know yet */
1296         sbi->free_clus_valid = 0;
1297         sbi->prev_free = FAT_START_ENT;
1298         sb->s_maxbytes = 0xffffffff;
1299
1300         if (!sbi->fat_length && b->fat32_length) {
1301                 struct fat_boot_fsinfo *fsinfo;
1302                 struct buffer_head *fsinfo_bh;
1303
1304                 /* Must be FAT32 */
1305                 sbi->fat_bits = 32;
1306                 sbi->fat_length = le32_to_cpu(b->fat32_length);
1307                 sbi->root_cluster = le32_to_cpu(b->root_cluster);
1308
1309                 /* MC - if info_sector is 0, don't multiply by 0 */
1310                 sbi->fsinfo_sector = le16_to_cpu(b->info_sector);
1311                 if (sbi->fsinfo_sector == 0)
1312                         sbi->fsinfo_sector = 1;
1313
1314                 fsinfo_bh = sb_bread(sb, sbi->fsinfo_sector);
1315                 if (fsinfo_bh == NULL) {
1316                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bread failed, FSINFO block"
1317                                " (sector = %lu)", sbi->fsinfo_sector);
1318                         brelse(bh);
1319                         goto out_fail;
1320                 }
1321
1322                 fsinfo = (struct fat_boot_fsinfo *)fsinfo_bh->b_data;
1323                 if (!IS_FSINFO(fsinfo)) {
1324                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING, "Invalid FSINFO signature: "
1325                                "0x%08x, 0x%08x (sector = %lu)",
1326                                le32_to_cpu(fsinfo->signature1),
1327                                le32_to_cpu(fsinfo->signature2),
1328                                sbi->fsinfo_sector);
1329                 } else {
1330                         if (sbi->options.usefree)
1331                                 sbi->free_clus_valid = 1;
1332                         sbi->free_clusters = le32_to_cpu(fsinfo->free_clusters);
1333                         sbi->prev_free = le32_to_cpu(fsinfo->next_cluster);
1334                 }
1335
1336                 brelse(fsinfo_bh);
1337         }
1338
1339         sbi->dir_per_block = sb->s_blocksize / sizeof(struct msdos_dir_entry);
1340         sbi->dir_per_block_bits = ffs(sbi->dir_per_block) - 1;
1341
1342         sbi->dir_start = sbi->fat_start + sbi->fats * sbi->fat_length;
1343         sbi->dir_entries = get_unaligned_le16(&b->dir_entries);
1344         if (sbi->dir_entries & (sbi->dir_per_block - 1)) {
1345                 if (!silent)
1346                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "bogus directroy-entries per block"
1347                                " (%u)", sbi->dir_entries);
1348                 brelse(bh);
1349                 goto out_invalid;
1350         }
1351
1352         rootdir_sectors = sbi->dir_entries
1353                 * sizeof(struct msdos_dir_entry) / sb->s_blocksize;
1354         sbi->data_start = sbi->dir_start + rootdir_sectors;
1355         total_sectors = get_unaligned_le16(&b->sectors);
1356         if (total_sectors == 0)
1357                 total_sectors = le32_to_cpu(b->total_sect);
1358
1359         total_clusters = (total_sectors - sbi->data_start) / sbi->sec_per_clus;
1360
1361         if (sbi->fat_bits != 32)
1362                 sbi->fat_bits = (total_clusters > MAX_FAT12) ? 16 : 12;
1363
1364         /* check that FAT table does not overflow */
1365         fat_clusters = sbi->fat_length * sb->s_blocksize * 8 / sbi->fat_bits;
1366         total_clusters = min(total_clusters, fat_clusters - FAT_START_ENT);
1367         if (total_clusters > MAX_FAT(sb)) {
1368                 if (!silent)
1369                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "count of clusters too big (%u)",
1370                                total_clusters);
1371                 brelse(bh);
1372                 goto out_invalid;
1373         }
1374
1375         sbi->max_cluster = total_clusters + FAT_START_ENT;
1376         /* check the free_clusters, it's not necessarily correct */
1377         if (sbi->free_clusters != -1 && sbi->free_clusters > total_clusters)
1378                 sbi->free_clusters = -1;
1379         /* check the prev_free, it's not necessarily correct */
1380         sbi->prev_free %= sbi->max_cluster;
1381         if (sbi->prev_free < FAT_START_ENT)
1382                 sbi->prev_free = FAT_START_ENT;
1383
1384         brelse(bh);
1385
1386         /* set up enough so that it can read an inode */
1387         fat_hash_init(sb);
1388         dir_hash_init(sb);
1389         fat_ent_access_init(sb);
1390
1391         /*
1392          * The low byte of FAT's first entry must have same value with
1393          * media-field.  But in real world, too many devices is
1394          * writing wrong value.  So, removed that validity check.
1395          *
1396          * if (FAT_FIRST_ENT(sb, media) != first)
1397          */
1398
1399         error = -EINVAL;
1400         sprintf(buf, "cp%d", sbi->options.codepage);
1401         sbi->nls_disk = load_nls(buf);
1402         if (!sbi->nls_disk) {
1403                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "codepage %s not found", buf);
1404                 goto out_fail;
1405         }
1406
1407         /* FIXME: utf8 is using iocharset for upper/lower conversion */
1408         if (sbi->options.isvfat) {
1409                 sbi->nls_io = load_nls(sbi->options.iocharset);
1410                 if (!sbi->nls_io) {
1411                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "IO charset %s not found",
1412                                sbi->options.iocharset);
1413                         goto out_fail;
1414                 }
1415         }
1416
1417         error = -ENOMEM;
1418         fat_inode = new_inode(sb);
1419         if (!fat_inode)
1420                 goto out_fail;
1421         MSDOS_I(fat_inode)->i_pos = 0;
1422         sbi->fat_inode = fat_inode;
1423
1424         fsinfo_inode = new_inode(sb);
1425         if (!fsinfo_inode)
1426                 goto out_fail;
1427         fsinfo_inode->i_ino = MSDOS_FSINFO_INO;
1428         sbi->fsinfo_inode = fsinfo_inode;
1429         insert_inode_hash(fsinfo_inode);
1430
1431         root_inode = new_inode(sb);
1432         if (!root_inode)
1433                 goto out_fail;
1434         root_inode->i_ino = MSDOS_ROOT_INO;
1435         root_inode->i_version = 1;
1436         error = fat_read_root(root_inode);
1437         if (error < 0) {
1438                 iput(root_inode);
1439                 goto out_fail;
1440         }
1441         error = -ENOMEM;
1442         insert_inode_hash(root_inode);
1443         fat_attach(root_inode, 0);
1444         sb->s_root = d_make_root(root_inode);
1445         if (!sb->s_root) {
1446                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_ERR, "get root inode failed");
1447                 goto out_fail;
1448         }
1449
1450         if (sbi->options.discard) {
1451                 struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(sb->s_bdev);
1452                 if (!blk_queue_discard(q))
1453                         fat_msg(sb, KERN_WARNING,
1454                                         "mounting with \"discard\" option, but "
1455                                         "the device does not support discard");
1456         }
1457
1458         return 0;
1459
1460 out_invalid:
1461         error = -EINVAL;
1462         if (!silent)
1463                 fat_msg(sb, KERN_INFO, "Can't find a valid FAT filesystem");
1464
1465 out_fail:
1466         if (fsinfo_inode)
1467                 iput(fsinfo_inode);
1468         if (fat_inode)
1469                 iput(fat_inode);
1470         unload_nls(sbi->nls_io);
1471         unload_nls(sbi->nls_disk);
1472         if (sbi->options.iocharset != fat_default_iocharset)
1473                 kfree(sbi->options.iocharset);
1474         sb->s_fs_info = NULL;
1475         kfree(sbi);
1476         return error;
1477 }
1478
1479 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_fill_super);
1480
1481 /*
1482  * helper function for fat_flush_inodes.  This writes both the inode
1483  * and the file data blocks, waiting for in flight data blocks before
1484  * the start of the call.  It does not wait for any io started
1485  * during the call
1486  */
1487 static int writeback_inode(struct inode *inode)
1488 {
1489
1490         int ret;
1491
1492         /* if we used wait=1, sync_inode_metadata waits for the io for the
1493         * inode to finish.  So wait=0 is sent down to sync_inode_metadata
1494         * and filemap_fdatawrite is used for the data blocks
1495         */
1496         ret = sync_inode_metadata(inode, 0);
1497         if (!ret)
1498                 ret = filemap_fdatawrite(inode->i_mapping);
1499         return ret;
1500 }
1501
1502 /*
1503  * write data and metadata corresponding to i1 and i2.  The io is
1504  * started but we do not wait for any of it to finish.
1505  *
1506  * filemap_flush is used for the block device, so if there is a dirty
1507  * page for a block already in flight, we will not wait and start the
1508  * io over again
1509  */
1510 int fat_flush_inodes(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *i1, struct inode *i2)
1511 {
1512         int ret = 0;
1513         if (!MSDOS_SB(sb)->options.flush)
1514                 return 0;
1515         if (i1)
1516                 ret = writeback_inode(i1);
1517         if (!ret && i2)
1518                 ret = writeback_inode(i2);
1519         if (!ret) {
1520                 struct address_space *mapping = sb->s_bdev->bd_inode->i_mapping;
1521                 ret = filemap_flush(mapping);
1522         }
1523         return ret;
1524 }
1525 EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(fat_flush_inodes);
1526
1527 static int __init init_fat_fs(void)
1528 {
1529         int err;
1530
1531         err = fat_cache_init();
1532         if (err)
1533                 return err;
1534
1535         err = fat_init_inodecache();
1536         if (err)
1537                 goto failed;
1538
1539         return 0;
1540
1541 failed:
1542         fat_cache_destroy();
1543         return err;
1544 }
1545
1546 static void __exit exit_fat_fs(void)
1547 {
1548         fat_cache_destroy();
1549         fat_destroy_inodecache();
1550 }
1551
1552 module_init(init_fat_fs)
1553 module_exit(exit_fat_fs)
1554
1555 MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");