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1 /*
2  *  Copyright (C) 2009  Red Hat, Inc.
3  *
4  *  This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
5  *  the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
6  */
7
8 #include <linux/mm.h>
9 #include <linux/sched.h>
10 #include <linux/highmem.h>
11 #include <linux/hugetlb.h>
12 #include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
13 #include <linux/rmap.h>
14 #include <linux/swap.h>
15 #include <linux/mm_inline.h>
16 #include <linux/kthread.h>
17 #include <linux/khugepaged.h>
18 #include <linux/freezer.h>
19 #include <linux/mman.h>
20 #include <linux/pagemap.h>
21 #include <asm/tlb.h>
22 #include <asm/pgalloc.h>
23 #include "internal.h"
24
25 /*
26  * By default transparent hugepage support is enabled for all mappings
27  * and khugepaged scans all mappings. Defrag is only invoked by
28  * khugepaged hugepage allocations and by page faults inside
29  * MADV_HUGEPAGE regions to avoid the risk of slowing down short lived
30  * allocations.
31  */
32 unsigned long transparent_hugepage_flags __read_mostly =
33 #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_ALWAYS
34         (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG)|
35 #endif
36 #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_MADVISE
37         (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG)|
38 #endif
39         (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_FLAG)|
40         (1<<TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG);
41
42 /* default scan 8*512 pte (or vmas) every 30 second */
43 static unsigned int khugepaged_pages_to_scan __read_mostly = HPAGE_PMD_NR*8;
44 static unsigned int khugepaged_pages_collapsed;
45 static unsigned int khugepaged_full_scans;
46 static unsigned int khugepaged_scan_sleep_millisecs __read_mostly = 10000;
47 /* during fragmentation poll the hugepage allocator once every minute */
48 static unsigned int khugepaged_alloc_sleep_millisecs __read_mostly = 60000;
49 static struct task_struct *khugepaged_thread __read_mostly;
50 static DEFINE_MUTEX(khugepaged_mutex);
51 static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(khugepaged_mm_lock);
52 static DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD(khugepaged_wait);
53 /*
54  * default collapse hugepages if there is at least one pte mapped like
55  * it would have happened if the vma was large enough during page
56  * fault.
57  */
58 static unsigned int khugepaged_max_ptes_none __read_mostly = HPAGE_PMD_NR-1;
59
60 static int khugepaged(void *none);
61 static int mm_slots_hash_init(void);
62 static int khugepaged_slab_init(void);
63 static void khugepaged_slab_free(void);
64
65 #define MM_SLOTS_HASH_HEADS 1024
66 static struct hlist_head *mm_slots_hash __read_mostly;
67 static struct kmem_cache *mm_slot_cache __read_mostly;
68
69 /**
70  * struct mm_slot - hash lookup from mm to mm_slot
71  * @hash: hash collision list
72  * @mm_node: khugepaged scan list headed in khugepaged_scan.mm_head
73  * @mm: the mm that this information is valid for
74  */
75 struct mm_slot {
76         struct hlist_node hash;
77         struct list_head mm_node;
78         struct mm_struct *mm;
79 };
80
81 /**
82  * struct khugepaged_scan - cursor for scanning
83  * @mm_head: the head of the mm list to scan
84  * @mm_slot: the current mm_slot we are scanning
85  * @address: the next address inside that to be scanned
86  *
87  * There is only the one khugepaged_scan instance of this cursor structure.
88  */
89 struct khugepaged_scan {
90         struct list_head mm_head;
91         struct mm_slot *mm_slot;
92         unsigned long address;
93 };
94 static struct khugepaged_scan khugepaged_scan = {
95         .mm_head = LIST_HEAD_INIT(khugepaged_scan.mm_head),
96 };
97
98
99 static int set_recommended_min_free_kbytes(void)
100 {
101         struct zone *zone;
102         int nr_zones = 0;
103         unsigned long recommended_min;
104         extern int min_free_kbytes;
105
106         if (!khugepaged_enabled())
107                 return 0;
108
109         for_each_populated_zone(zone)
110                 nr_zones++;
111
112         /* Make sure at least 2 hugepages are free for MIGRATE_RESERVE */
113         recommended_min = pageblock_nr_pages * nr_zones * 2;
114
115         /*
116          * Make sure that on average at least two pageblocks are almost free
117          * of another type, one for a migratetype to fall back to and a
118          * second to avoid subsequent fallbacks of other types There are 3
119          * MIGRATE_TYPES we care about.
120          */
121         recommended_min += pageblock_nr_pages * nr_zones *
122                            MIGRATE_PCPTYPES * MIGRATE_PCPTYPES;
123
124         /* don't ever allow to reserve more than 5% of the lowmem */
125         recommended_min = min(recommended_min,
126                               (unsigned long) nr_free_buffer_pages() / 20);
127         recommended_min <<= (PAGE_SHIFT-10);
128
129         if (recommended_min > min_free_kbytes)
130                 min_free_kbytes = recommended_min;
131         setup_per_zone_wmarks();
132         return 0;
133 }
134 late_initcall(set_recommended_min_free_kbytes);
135
136 static int start_khugepaged(void)
137 {
138         int err = 0;
139         if (khugepaged_enabled()) {
140                 if (!khugepaged_thread)
141                         khugepaged_thread = kthread_run(khugepaged, NULL,
142                                                         "khugepaged");
143                 if (unlikely(IS_ERR(khugepaged_thread))) {
144                         printk(KERN_ERR
145                                "khugepaged: kthread_run(khugepaged) failed\n");
146                         err = PTR_ERR(khugepaged_thread);
147                         khugepaged_thread = NULL;
148                 }
149
150                 if (!list_empty(&khugepaged_scan.mm_head))
151                         wake_up_interruptible(&khugepaged_wait);
152
153                 set_recommended_min_free_kbytes();
154         } else if (khugepaged_thread) {
155                 kthread_stop(khugepaged_thread);
156                 khugepaged_thread = NULL;
157         }
158
159         return err;
160 }
161
162 #ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
163
164 static ssize_t double_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj,
165                                 struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf,
166                                 enum transparent_hugepage_flag enabled,
167                                 enum transparent_hugepage_flag req_madv)
168 {
169         if (test_bit(enabled, &transparent_hugepage_flags)) {
170                 VM_BUG_ON(test_bit(req_madv, &transparent_hugepage_flags));
171                 return sprintf(buf, "[always] madvise never\n");
172         } else if (test_bit(req_madv, &transparent_hugepage_flags))
173                 return sprintf(buf, "always [madvise] never\n");
174         else
175                 return sprintf(buf, "always madvise [never]\n");
176 }
177 static ssize_t double_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj,
178                                  struct kobj_attribute *attr,
179                                  const char *buf, size_t count,
180                                  enum transparent_hugepage_flag enabled,
181                                  enum transparent_hugepage_flag req_madv)
182 {
183         if (!memcmp("always", buf,
184                     min(sizeof("always")-1, count))) {
185                 set_bit(enabled, &transparent_hugepage_flags);
186                 clear_bit(req_madv, &transparent_hugepage_flags);
187         } else if (!memcmp("madvise", buf,
188                            min(sizeof("madvise")-1, count))) {
189                 clear_bit(enabled, &transparent_hugepage_flags);
190                 set_bit(req_madv, &transparent_hugepage_flags);
191         } else if (!memcmp("never", buf,
192                            min(sizeof("never")-1, count))) {
193                 clear_bit(enabled, &transparent_hugepage_flags);
194                 clear_bit(req_madv, &transparent_hugepage_flags);
195         } else
196                 return -EINVAL;
197
198         return count;
199 }
200
201 static ssize_t enabled_show(struct kobject *kobj,
202                             struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
203 {
204         return double_flag_show(kobj, attr, buf,
205                                 TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG,
206                                 TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG);
207 }
208 static ssize_t enabled_store(struct kobject *kobj,
209                              struct kobj_attribute *attr,
210                              const char *buf, size_t count)
211 {
212         ssize_t ret;
213
214         ret = double_flag_store(kobj, attr, buf, count,
215                                 TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG,
216                                 TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG);
217
218         if (ret > 0) {
219                 int err;
220
221                 mutex_lock(&khugepaged_mutex);
222                 err = start_khugepaged();
223                 mutex_unlock(&khugepaged_mutex);
224
225                 if (err)
226                         ret = err;
227         }
228
229         return ret;
230 }
231 static struct kobj_attribute enabled_attr =
232         __ATTR(enabled, 0644, enabled_show, enabled_store);
233
234 static ssize_t single_flag_show(struct kobject *kobj,
235                                 struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf,
236                                 enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag)
237 {
238         return sprintf(buf, "%d\n",
239                        !!test_bit(flag, &transparent_hugepage_flags));
240 }
241
242 static ssize_t single_flag_store(struct kobject *kobj,
243                                  struct kobj_attribute *attr,
244                                  const char *buf, size_t count,
245                                  enum transparent_hugepage_flag flag)
246 {
247         unsigned long value;
248         int ret;
249
250         ret = kstrtoul(buf, 10, &value);
251         if (ret < 0)
252                 return ret;
253         if (value > 1)
254                 return -EINVAL;
255
256         if (value)
257                 set_bit(flag, &transparent_hugepage_flags);
258         else
259                 clear_bit(flag, &transparent_hugepage_flags);
260
261         return count;
262 }
263
264 /*
265  * Currently defrag only disables __GFP_NOWAIT for allocation. A blind
266  * __GFP_REPEAT is too aggressive, it's never worth swapping tons of
267  * memory just to allocate one more hugepage.
268  */
269 static ssize_t defrag_show(struct kobject *kobj,
270                            struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
271 {
272         return double_flag_show(kobj, attr, buf,
273                                 TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_FLAG,
274                                 TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG);
275 }
276 static ssize_t defrag_store(struct kobject *kobj,
277                             struct kobj_attribute *attr,
278                             const char *buf, size_t count)
279 {
280         return double_flag_store(kobj, attr, buf, count,
281                                  TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_FLAG,
282                                  TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_REQ_MADV_FLAG);
283 }
284 static struct kobj_attribute defrag_attr =
285         __ATTR(defrag, 0644, defrag_show, defrag_store);
286
287 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
288 static ssize_t debug_cow_show(struct kobject *kobj,
289                                 struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
290 {
291         return single_flag_show(kobj, attr, buf,
292                                 TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG);
293 }
294 static ssize_t debug_cow_store(struct kobject *kobj,
295                                struct kobj_attribute *attr,
296                                const char *buf, size_t count)
297 {
298         return single_flag_store(kobj, attr, buf, count,
299                                  TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEBUG_COW_FLAG);
300 }
301 static struct kobj_attribute debug_cow_attr =
302         __ATTR(debug_cow, 0644, debug_cow_show, debug_cow_store);
303 #endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_VM */
304
305 static struct attribute *hugepage_attr[] = {
306         &enabled_attr.attr,
307         &defrag_attr.attr,
308 #ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
309         &debug_cow_attr.attr,
310 #endif
311         NULL,
312 };
313
314 static struct attribute_group hugepage_attr_group = {
315         .attrs = hugepage_attr,
316 };
317
318 static ssize_t scan_sleep_millisecs_show(struct kobject *kobj,
319                                          struct kobj_attribute *attr,
320                                          char *buf)
321 {
322         return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", khugepaged_scan_sleep_millisecs);
323 }
324
325 static ssize_t scan_sleep_millisecs_store(struct kobject *kobj,
326                                           struct kobj_attribute *attr,
327                                           const char *buf, size_t count)
328 {
329         unsigned long msecs;
330         int err;
331
332         err = strict_strtoul(buf, 10, &msecs);
333         if (err || msecs > UINT_MAX)
334                 return -EINVAL;
335
336         khugepaged_scan_sleep_millisecs = msecs;
337         wake_up_interruptible(&khugepaged_wait);
338
339         return count;
340 }
341 static struct kobj_attribute scan_sleep_millisecs_attr =
342         __ATTR(scan_sleep_millisecs, 0644, scan_sleep_millisecs_show,
343                scan_sleep_millisecs_store);
344
345 static ssize_t alloc_sleep_millisecs_show(struct kobject *kobj,
346                                           struct kobj_attribute *attr,
347                                           char *buf)
348 {
349         return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", khugepaged_alloc_sleep_millisecs);
350 }
351
352 static ssize_t alloc_sleep_millisecs_store(struct kobject *kobj,
353                                            struct kobj_attribute *attr,
354                                            const char *buf, size_t count)
355 {
356         unsigned long msecs;
357         int err;
358
359         err = strict_strtoul(buf, 10, &msecs);
360         if (err || msecs > UINT_MAX)
361                 return -EINVAL;
362
363         khugepaged_alloc_sleep_millisecs = msecs;
364         wake_up_interruptible(&khugepaged_wait);
365
366         return count;
367 }
368 static struct kobj_attribute alloc_sleep_millisecs_attr =
369         __ATTR(alloc_sleep_millisecs, 0644, alloc_sleep_millisecs_show,
370                alloc_sleep_millisecs_store);
371
372 static ssize_t pages_to_scan_show(struct kobject *kobj,
373                                   struct kobj_attribute *attr,
374                                   char *buf)
375 {
376         return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", khugepaged_pages_to_scan);
377 }
378 static ssize_t pages_to_scan_store(struct kobject *kobj,
379                                    struct kobj_attribute *attr,
380                                    const char *buf, size_t count)
381 {
382         int err;
383         unsigned long pages;
384
385         err = strict_strtoul(buf, 10, &pages);
386         if (err || !pages || pages > UINT_MAX)
387                 return -EINVAL;
388
389         khugepaged_pages_to_scan = pages;
390
391         return count;
392 }
393 static struct kobj_attribute pages_to_scan_attr =
394         __ATTR(pages_to_scan, 0644, pages_to_scan_show,
395                pages_to_scan_store);
396
397 static ssize_t pages_collapsed_show(struct kobject *kobj,
398                                     struct kobj_attribute *attr,
399                                     char *buf)
400 {
401         return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", khugepaged_pages_collapsed);
402 }
403 static struct kobj_attribute pages_collapsed_attr =
404         __ATTR_RO(pages_collapsed);
405
406 static ssize_t full_scans_show(struct kobject *kobj,
407                                struct kobj_attribute *attr,
408                                char *buf)
409 {
410         return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", khugepaged_full_scans);
411 }
412 static struct kobj_attribute full_scans_attr =
413         __ATTR_RO(full_scans);
414
415 static ssize_t khugepaged_defrag_show(struct kobject *kobj,
416                                       struct kobj_attribute *attr, char *buf)
417 {
418         return single_flag_show(kobj, attr, buf,
419                                 TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG);
420 }
421 static ssize_t khugepaged_defrag_store(struct kobject *kobj,
422                                        struct kobj_attribute *attr,
423                                        const char *buf, size_t count)
424 {
425         return single_flag_store(kobj, attr, buf, count,
426                                  TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_DEFRAG_KHUGEPAGED_FLAG);
427 }
428 static struct kobj_attribute khugepaged_defrag_attr =
429         __ATTR(defrag, 0644, khugepaged_defrag_show,
430                khugepaged_defrag_store);
431
432 /*
433  * max_ptes_none controls if khugepaged should collapse hugepages over
434  * any unmapped ptes in turn potentially increasing the memory
435  * footprint of the vmas. When max_ptes_none is 0 khugepaged will not
436  * reduce the available free memory in the system as it
437  * runs. Increasing max_ptes_none will instead potentially reduce the
438  * free memory in the system during the khugepaged scan.
439  */
440 static ssize_t khugepaged_max_ptes_none_show(struct kobject *kobj,
441                                              struct kobj_attribute *attr,
442                                              char *buf)
443 {
444         return sprintf(buf, "%u\n", khugepaged_max_ptes_none);
445 }
446 static ssize_t khugepaged_max_ptes_none_store(struct kobject *kobj,
447                                               struct kobj_attribute *attr,
448                                               const char *buf, size_t count)
449 {
450         int err;
451         unsigned long max_ptes_none;
452
453         err = strict_strtoul(buf, 10, &max_ptes_none);
454         if (err || max_ptes_none > HPAGE_PMD_NR-1)
455                 return -EINVAL;
456
457         khugepaged_max_ptes_none = max_ptes_none;
458
459         return count;
460 }
461 static struct kobj_attribute khugepaged_max_ptes_none_attr =
462         __ATTR(max_ptes_none, 0644, khugepaged_max_ptes_none_show,
463                khugepaged_max_ptes_none_store);
464
465 static struct attribute *khugepaged_attr[] = {
466         &khugepaged_defrag_attr.attr,
467         &khugepaged_max_ptes_none_attr.attr,
468         &pages_to_scan_attr.attr,
469         &pages_collapsed_attr.attr,
470         &full_scans_attr.attr,
471         &scan_sleep_millisecs_attr.attr,
472         &alloc_sleep_millisecs_attr.attr,
473         NULL,
474 };
475
476 static struct attribute_group khugepaged_attr_group = {
477         .attrs = khugepaged_attr,
478         .name = "khugepaged",
479 };
480
481 static int __init hugepage_init_sysfs(struct kobject **hugepage_kobj)
482 {
483         int err;
484
485         *hugepage_kobj = kobject_create_and_add("transparent_hugepage", mm_kobj);
486         if (unlikely(!*hugepage_kobj)) {
487                 printk(KERN_ERR "hugepage: failed kobject create\n");
488                 return -ENOMEM;
489         }
490
491         err = sysfs_create_group(*hugepage_kobj, &hugepage_attr_group);
492         if (err) {
493                 printk(KERN_ERR "hugepage: failed register hugeage group\n");
494                 goto delete_obj;
495         }
496
497         err = sysfs_create_group(*hugepage_kobj, &khugepaged_attr_group);
498         if (err) {
499                 printk(KERN_ERR "hugepage: failed register hugeage group\n");
500                 goto remove_hp_group;
501         }
502
503         return 0;
504
505 remove_hp_group:
506         sysfs_remove_group(*hugepage_kobj, &hugepage_attr_group);
507 delete_obj:
508         kobject_put(*hugepage_kobj);
509         return err;
510 }
511
512 static void __init hugepage_exit_sysfs(struct kobject *hugepage_kobj)
513 {
514         sysfs_remove_group(hugepage_kobj, &khugepaged_attr_group);
515         sysfs_remove_group(hugepage_kobj, &hugepage_attr_group);
516         kobject_put(hugepage_kobj);
517 }
518 #else
519 static inline int hugepage_init_sysfs(struct kobject **hugepage_kobj)
520 {
521         return 0;
522 }
523
524 static inline void hugepage_exit_sysfs(struct kobject *hugepage_kobj)
525 {
526 }
527 #endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
528
529 static int __init hugepage_init(void)
530 {
531         int err;
532         struct kobject *hugepage_kobj;
533
534         if (!has_transparent_hugepage()) {
535                 transparent_hugepage_flags = 0;
536                 return -EINVAL;
537         }
538
539         err = hugepage_init_sysfs(&hugepage_kobj);
540         if (err)
541                 return err;
542
543         err = khugepaged_slab_init();
544         if (err)
545                 goto out;
546
547         err = mm_slots_hash_init();
548         if (err) {
549                 khugepaged_slab_free();
550                 goto out;
551         }
552
553         /*
554          * By default disable transparent hugepages on smaller systems,
555          * where the extra memory used could hurt more than TLB overhead
556          * is likely to save.  The admin can still enable it through /sys.
557          */
558         if (totalram_pages < (512 << (20 - PAGE_SHIFT)))
559                 transparent_hugepage_flags = 0;
560
561         start_khugepaged();
562
563         return 0;
564 out:
565         hugepage_exit_sysfs(hugepage_kobj);
566         return err;
567 }
568 module_init(hugepage_init)
569
570 static int __init setup_transparent_hugepage(char *str)
571 {
572         int ret = 0;
573         if (!str)
574                 goto out;
575         if (!strcmp(str, "always")) {
576                 set_bit(TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG,
577                         &transparent_hugepage_flags);
578                 clear_bit(TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG,
579                           &transparent_hugepage_flags);
580                 ret = 1;
581         } else if (!strcmp(str, "madvise")) {
582                 clear_bit(TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG,
583                           &transparent_hugepage_flags);
584                 set_bit(TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG,
585                         &transparent_hugepage_flags);
586                 ret = 1;
587         } else if (!strcmp(str, "never")) {
588                 clear_bit(TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_FLAG,
589                           &transparent_hugepage_flags);
590                 clear_bit(TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE_REQ_MADV_FLAG,
591                           &transparent_hugepage_flags);
592                 ret = 1;
593         }
594 out:
595         if (!ret)
596                 printk(KERN_WARNING
597                        "transparent_hugepage= cannot parse, ignored\n");
598         return ret;
599 }
600 __setup("transparent_hugepage=", setup_transparent_hugepage);
601
602 static inline pmd_t maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_t pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
603 {
604         if (likely(vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE))
605                 pmd = pmd_mkwrite(pmd);
606         return pmd;
607 }
608
609 static int __do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
610                                         struct vm_area_struct *vma,
611                                         unsigned long haddr, pmd_t *pmd,
612                                         struct page *page)
613 {
614         pgtable_t pgtable;
615
616         VM_BUG_ON(!PageCompound(page));
617         pgtable = pte_alloc_one(mm, haddr);
618         if (unlikely(!pgtable))
619                 return VM_FAULT_OOM;
620
621         clear_huge_page(page, haddr, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
622         __SetPageUptodate(page);
623
624         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
625         if (unlikely(!pmd_none(*pmd))) {
626                 spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
627                 mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
628                 put_page(page);
629                 pte_free(mm, pgtable);
630         } else {
631                 pmd_t entry;
632                 entry = mk_pmd(page, vma->vm_page_prot);
633                 entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma);
634                 entry = pmd_mkhuge(entry);
635                 /*
636                  * The spinlocking to take the lru_lock inside
637                  * page_add_new_anon_rmap() acts as a full memory
638                  * barrier to be sure clear_huge_page writes become
639                  * visible after the set_pmd_at() write.
640                  */
641                 page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, haddr);
642                 set_pmd_at(mm, haddr, pmd, entry);
643                 pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(mm, pgtable);
644                 add_mm_counter(mm, MM_ANONPAGES, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
645                 mm->nr_ptes++;
646                 spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
647         }
648
649         return 0;
650 }
651
652 static inline gfp_t alloc_hugepage_gfpmask(int defrag, gfp_t extra_gfp)
653 {
654         return (GFP_TRANSHUGE & ~(defrag ? 0 : __GFP_WAIT)) | extra_gfp;
655 }
656
657 static inline struct page *alloc_hugepage_vma(int defrag,
658                                               struct vm_area_struct *vma,
659                                               unsigned long haddr, int nd,
660                                               gfp_t extra_gfp)
661 {
662         return alloc_pages_vma(alloc_hugepage_gfpmask(defrag, extra_gfp),
663                                HPAGE_PMD_ORDER, vma, haddr, nd);
664 }
665
666 #ifndef CONFIG_NUMA
667 static inline struct page *alloc_hugepage(int defrag)
668 {
669         return alloc_pages(alloc_hugepage_gfpmask(defrag, 0),
670                            HPAGE_PMD_ORDER);
671 }
672 #endif
673
674 int do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
675                                unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmd,
676                                unsigned int flags)
677 {
678         struct page *page;
679         unsigned long haddr = address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
680         pte_t *pte;
681
682         if (haddr >= vma->vm_start && haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE <= vma->vm_end) {
683                 if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma)))
684                         return VM_FAULT_OOM;
685                 if (unlikely(khugepaged_enter(vma)))
686                         return VM_FAULT_OOM;
687                 page = alloc_hugepage_vma(transparent_hugepage_defrag(vma),
688                                           vma, haddr, numa_node_id(), 0);
689                 if (unlikely(!page)) {
690                         count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK);
691                         goto out;
692                 }
693                 count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_ALLOC);
694                 if (unlikely(mem_cgroup_newpage_charge(page, mm, GFP_KERNEL))) {
695                         put_page(page);
696                         goto out;
697                 }
698                 if (unlikely(__do_huge_pmd_anonymous_page(mm, vma, haddr, pmd,
699                                                           page))) {
700                         mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(page);
701                         put_page(page);
702                         goto out;
703                 }
704
705                 return 0;
706         }
707 out:
708         /*
709          * Use __pte_alloc instead of pte_alloc_map, because we can't
710          * run pte_offset_map on the pmd, if an huge pmd could
711          * materialize from under us from a different thread.
712          */
713         if (unlikely(__pte_alloc(mm, vma, pmd, address)))
714                 return VM_FAULT_OOM;
715         /* if an huge pmd materialized from under us just retry later */
716         if (unlikely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)))
717                 return 0;
718         /*
719          * A regular pmd is established and it can't morph into a huge pmd
720          * from under us anymore at this point because we hold the mmap_sem
721          * read mode and khugepaged takes it in write mode. So now it's
722          * safe to run pte_offset_map().
723          */
724         pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
725         return handle_pte_fault(mm, vma, address, pte, pmd, flags);
726 }
727
728 int copy_huge_pmd(struct mm_struct *dst_mm, struct mm_struct *src_mm,
729                   pmd_t *dst_pmd, pmd_t *src_pmd, unsigned long addr,
730                   struct vm_area_struct *vma)
731 {
732         struct page *src_page;
733         pmd_t pmd;
734         pgtable_t pgtable;
735         int ret;
736
737         ret = -ENOMEM;
738         pgtable = pte_alloc_one(dst_mm, addr);
739         if (unlikely(!pgtable))
740                 goto out;
741
742         spin_lock(&dst_mm->page_table_lock);
743         spin_lock_nested(&src_mm->page_table_lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
744
745         ret = -EAGAIN;
746         pmd = *src_pmd;
747         if (unlikely(!pmd_trans_huge(pmd))) {
748                 pte_free(dst_mm, pgtable);
749                 goto out_unlock;
750         }
751         if (unlikely(pmd_trans_splitting(pmd))) {
752                 /* split huge page running from under us */
753                 spin_unlock(&src_mm->page_table_lock);
754                 spin_unlock(&dst_mm->page_table_lock);
755                 pte_free(dst_mm, pgtable);
756
757                 wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, src_pmd); /* src_vma */
758                 goto out;
759         }
760         src_page = pmd_page(pmd);
761         VM_BUG_ON(!PageHead(src_page));
762         get_page(src_page);
763         page_dup_rmap(src_page);
764         add_mm_counter(dst_mm, MM_ANONPAGES, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
765
766         pmdp_set_wrprotect(src_mm, addr, src_pmd);
767         pmd = pmd_mkold(pmd_wrprotect(pmd));
768         set_pmd_at(dst_mm, addr, dst_pmd, pmd);
769         pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(dst_mm, pgtable);
770         dst_mm->nr_ptes++;
771
772         ret = 0;
773 out_unlock:
774         spin_unlock(&src_mm->page_table_lock);
775         spin_unlock(&dst_mm->page_table_lock);
776 out:
777         return ret;
778 }
779
780 static int do_huge_pmd_wp_page_fallback(struct mm_struct *mm,
781                                         struct vm_area_struct *vma,
782                                         unsigned long address,
783                                         pmd_t *pmd, pmd_t orig_pmd,
784                                         struct page *page,
785                                         unsigned long haddr)
786 {
787         pgtable_t pgtable;
788         pmd_t _pmd;
789         int ret = 0, i;
790         struct page **pages;
791         unsigned long mmun_start;       /* For mmu_notifiers */
792         unsigned long mmun_end;         /* For mmu_notifiers */
793
794         pages = kmalloc(sizeof(struct page *) * HPAGE_PMD_NR,
795                         GFP_KERNEL);
796         if (unlikely(!pages)) {
797                 ret |= VM_FAULT_OOM;
798                 goto out;
799         }
800
801         for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) {
802                 pages[i] = alloc_page_vma_node(GFP_HIGHUSER_MOVABLE |
803                                                __GFP_OTHER_NODE,
804                                                vma, address, page_to_nid(page));
805                 if (unlikely(!pages[i] ||
806                              mem_cgroup_newpage_charge(pages[i], mm,
807                                                        GFP_KERNEL))) {
808                         if (pages[i])
809                                 put_page(pages[i]);
810                         mem_cgroup_uncharge_start();
811                         while (--i >= 0) {
812                                 mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(pages[i]);
813                                 put_page(pages[i]);
814                         }
815                         mem_cgroup_uncharge_end();
816                         kfree(pages);
817                         ret |= VM_FAULT_OOM;
818                         goto out;
819                 }
820         }
821
822         for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) {
823                 copy_user_highpage(pages[i], page + i,
824                                    haddr + PAGE_SIZE * i, vma);
825                 __SetPageUptodate(pages[i]);
826                 cond_resched();
827         }
828
829         mmun_start = haddr;
830         mmun_end   = haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
831         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
832
833         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
834         if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*pmd, orig_pmd)))
835                 goto out_free_pages;
836         VM_BUG_ON(!PageHead(page));
837
838         pmdp_clear_flush(vma, haddr, pmd);
839         /* leave pmd empty until pte is filled */
840
841         pgtable = pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(mm);
842         pmd_populate(mm, &_pmd, pgtable);
843
844         for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++, haddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
845                 pte_t *pte, entry;
846                 entry = mk_pte(pages[i], vma->vm_page_prot);
847                 entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
848                 page_add_new_anon_rmap(pages[i], vma, haddr);
849                 pte = pte_offset_map(&_pmd, haddr);
850                 VM_BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte));
851                 set_pte_at(mm, haddr, pte, entry);
852                 pte_unmap(pte);
853         }
854         kfree(pages);
855
856         smp_wmb(); /* make pte visible before pmd */
857         pmd_populate(mm, pmd, pgtable);
858         page_remove_rmap(page);
859         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
860
861         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
862
863         ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
864         put_page(page);
865
866 out:
867         return ret;
868
869 out_free_pages:
870         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
871         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
872         mem_cgroup_uncharge_start();
873         for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) {
874                 mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(pages[i]);
875                 put_page(pages[i]);
876         }
877         mem_cgroup_uncharge_end();
878         kfree(pages);
879         goto out;
880 }
881
882 int do_huge_pmd_wp_page(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
883                         unsigned long address, pmd_t *pmd, pmd_t orig_pmd)
884 {
885         int ret = 0;
886         struct page *page, *new_page;
887         unsigned long haddr;
888         unsigned long mmun_start;       /* For mmu_notifiers */
889         unsigned long mmun_end;         /* For mmu_notifiers */
890
891         VM_BUG_ON(!vma->anon_vma);
892         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
893         if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*pmd, orig_pmd)))
894                 goto out_unlock;
895
896         page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
897         VM_BUG_ON(!PageCompound(page) || !PageHead(page));
898         haddr = address & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
899         if (page_mapcount(page) == 1) {
900                 pmd_t entry;
901                 entry = pmd_mkyoung(orig_pmd);
902                 entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma);
903                 if (pmdp_set_access_flags(vma, haddr, pmd, entry,  1))
904                         update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, pmd);
905                 ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
906                 goto out_unlock;
907         }
908         get_page(page);
909         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
910
911         if (transparent_hugepage_enabled(vma) &&
912             !transparent_hugepage_debug_cow())
913                 new_page = alloc_hugepage_vma(transparent_hugepage_defrag(vma),
914                                               vma, haddr, numa_node_id(), 0);
915         else
916                 new_page = NULL;
917
918         if (unlikely(!new_page)) {
919                 count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_FALLBACK);
920                 ret = do_huge_pmd_wp_page_fallback(mm, vma, address,
921                                                    pmd, orig_pmd, page, haddr);
922                 if (ret & VM_FAULT_OOM)
923                         split_huge_page(page);
924                 put_page(page);
925                 goto out;
926         }
927         count_vm_event(THP_FAULT_ALLOC);
928
929         if (unlikely(mem_cgroup_newpage_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL))) {
930                 put_page(new_page);
931                 split_huge_page(page);
932                 put_page(page);
933                 ret |= VM_FAULT_OOM;
934                 goto out;
935         }
936
937         copy_user_huge_page(new_page, page, haddr, vma, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
938         __SetPageUptodate(new_page);
939
940         mmun_start = haddr;
941         mmun_end   = haddr + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
942         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
943
944         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
945         put_page(page);
946         if (unlikely(!pmd_same(*pmd, orig_pmd))) {
947                 spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
948                 mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(new_page);
949                 put_page(new_page);
950                 goto out_mn;
951         } else {
952                 pmd_t entry;
953                 VM_BUG_ON(!PageHead(page));
954                 entry = mk_pmd(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot);
955                 entry = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(entry), vma);
956                 entry = pmd_mkhuge(entry);
957                 pmdp_clear_flush(vma, haddr, pmd);
958                 page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, haddr);
959                 set_pmd_at(mm, haddr, pmd, entry);
960                 update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, pmd);
961                 page_remove_rmap(page);
962                 put_page(page);
963                 ret |= VM_FAULT_WRITE;
964         }
965         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
966 out_mn:
967         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
968 out:
969         return ret;
970 out_unlock:
971         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
972         return ret;
973 }
974
975 struct page *follow_trans_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
976                                    unsigned long addr,
977                                    pmd_t *pmd,
978                                    unsigned int flags)
979 {
980         struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
981         struct page *page = NULL;
982
983         assert_spin_locked(&mm->page_table_lock);
984
985         if (flags & FOLL_WRITE && !pmd_write(*pmd))
986                 goto out;
987
988         page = pmd_page(*pmd);
989         VM_BUG_ON(!PageHead(page));
990         if (flags & FOLL_TOUCH) {
991                 pmd_t _pmd;
992                 /*
993                  * We should set the dirty bit only for FOLL_WRITE but
994                  * for now the dirty bit in the pmd is meaningless.
995                  * And if the dirty bit will become meaningful and
996                  * we'll only set it with FOLL_WRITE, an atomic
997                  * set_bit will be required on the pmd to set the
998                  * young bit, instead of the current set_pmd_at.
999                  */
1000                 _pmd = pmd_mkyoung(pmd_mkdirty(*pmd));
1001                 set_pmd_at(mm, addr & HPAGE_PMD_MASK, pmd, _pmd);
1002         }
1003         if ((flags & FOLL_MLOCK) && (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)) {
1004                 if (page->mapping && trylock_page(page)) {
1005                         lru_add_drain();
1006                         if (page->mapping)
1007                                 mlock_vma_page(page);
1008                         unlock_page(page);
1009                 }
1010         }
1011         page += (addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
1012         VM_BUG_ON(!PageCompound(page));
1013         if (flags & FOLL_GET)
1014                 get_page_foll(page);
1015
1016 out:
1017         return page;
1018 }
1019
1020 int zap_huge_pmd(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
1021                  pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long addr)
1022 {
1023         int ret = 0;
1024
1025         if (__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma) == 1) {
1026                 struct page *page;
1027                 pgtable_t pgtable;
1028                 pmd_t orig_pmd;
1029                 pgtable = pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(tlb->mm);
1030                 orig_pmd = pmdp_get_and_clear(tlb->mm, addr, pmd);
1031                 page = pmd_page(orig_pmd);
1032                 tlb_remove_pmd_tlb_entry(tlb, pmd, addr);
1033                 page_remove_rmap(page);
1034                 VM_BUG_ON(page_mapcount(page) < 0);
1035                 add_mm_counter(tlb->mm, MM_ANONPAGES, -HPAGE_PMD_NR);
1036                 VM_BUG_ON(!PageHead(page));
1037                 tlb->mm->nr_ptes--;
1038                 spin_unlock(&tlb->mm->page_table_lock);
1039                 tlb_remove_page(tlb, page);
1040                 pte_free(tlb->mm, pgtable);
1041                 ret = 1;
1042         }
1043         return ret;
1044 }
1045
1046 int mincore_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
1047                 unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
1048                 unsigned char *vec)
1049 {
1050         int ret = 0;
1051
1052         if (__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma) == 1) {
1053                 /*
1054                  * All logical pages in the range are present
1055                  * if backed by a huge page.
1056                  */
1057                 spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
1058                 memset(vec, 1, (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
1059                 ret = 1;
1060         }
1061
1062         return ret;
1063 }
1064
1065 int move_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *new_vma,
1066                   unsigned long old_addr,
1067                   unsigned long new_addr, unsigned long old_end,
1068                   pmd_t *old_pmd, pmd_t *new_pmd)
1069 {
1070         int ret = 0;
1071         pmd_t pmd;
1072
1073         struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
1074
1075         if ((old_addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) ||
1076             (new_addr & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) ||
1077             old_end - old_addr < HPAGE_PMD_SIZE ||
1078             (new_vma->vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE))
1079                 goto out;
1080
1081         /*
1082          * The destination pmd shouldn't be established, free_pgtables()
1083          * should have release it.
1084          */
1085         if (WARN_ON(!pmd_none(*new_pmd))) {
1086                 VM_BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*new_pmd));
1087                 goto out;
1088         }
1089
1090         ret = __pmd_trans_huge_lock(old_pmd, vma);
1091         if (ret == 1) {
1092                 pmd = pmdp_get_and_clear(mm, old_addr, old_pmd);
1093                 VM_BUG_ON(!pmd_none(*new_pmd));
1094                 set_pmd_at(mm, new_addr, new_pmd, pmd);
1095                 spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
1096         }
1097 out:
1098         return ret;
1099 }
1100
1101 int change_huge_pmd(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pmd_t *pmd,
1102                 unsigned long addr, pgprot_t newprot)
1103 {
1104         struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
1105         int ret = 0;
1106
1107         if (__pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd, vma) == 1) {
1108                 pmd_t entry;
1109                 entry = pmdp_get_and_clear(mm, addr, pmd);
1110                 entry = pmd_modify(entry, newprot);
1111                 set_pmd_at(mm, addr, pmd, entry);
1112                 spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
1113                 ret = 1;
1114         }
1115
1116         return ret;
1117 }
1118
1119 /*
1120  * Returns 1 if a given pmd maps a stable (not under splitting) thp.
1121  * Returns -1 if it maps a thp under splitting. Returns 0 otherwise.
1122  *
1123  * Note that if it returns 1, this routine returns without unlocking page
1124  * table locks. So callers must unlock them.
1125  */
1126 int __pmd_trans_huge_lock(pmd_t *pmd, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
1127 {
1128         spin_lock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
1129         if (likely(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))) {
1130                 if (unlikely(pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd))) {
1131                         spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
1132                         wait_split_huge_page(vma->anon_vma, pmd);
1133                         return -1;
1134                 } else {
1135                         /* Thp mapped by 'pmd' is stable, so we can
1136                          * handle it as it is. */
1137                         return 1;
1138                 }
1139         }
1140         spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);
1141         return 0;
1142 }
1143
1144 pmd_t *page_check_address_pmd(struct page *page,
1145                               struct mm_struct *mm,
1146                               unsigned long address,
1147                               enum page_check_address_pmd_flag flag)
1148 {
1149         pgd_t *pgd;
1150         pud_t *pud;
1151         pmd_t *pmd, *ret = NULL;
1152
1153         if (address & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK)
1154                 goto out;
1155
1156         pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
1157         if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
1158                 goto out;
1159
1160         pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
1161         if (!pud_present(*pud))
1162                 goto out;
1163
1164         pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
1165         if (pmd_none(*pmd))
1166                 goto out;
1167         if (pmd_page(*pmd) != page)
1168                 goto out;
1169         /*
1170          * split_vma() may create temporary aliased mappings. There is
1171          * no risk as long as all huge pmd are found and have their
1172          * splitting bit set before __split_huge_page_refcount
1173          * runs. Finding the same huge pmd more than once during the
1174          * same rmap walk is not a problem.
1175          */
1176         if (flag == PAGE_CHECK_ADDRESS_PMD_NOTSPLITTING_FLAG &&
1177             pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd))
1178                 goto out;
1179         if (pmd_trans_huge(*pmd)) {
1180                 VM_BUG_ON(flag == PAGE_CHECK_ADDRESS_PMD_SPLITTING_FLAG &&
1181                           !pmd_trans_splitting(*pmd));
1182                 ret = pmd;
1183         }
1184 out:
1185         return ret;
1186 }
1187
1188 static int __split_huge_page_splitting(struct page *page,
1189                                        struct vm_area_struct *vma,
1190                                        unsigned long address)
1191 {
1192         struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
1193         pmd_t *pmd;
1194         int ret = 0;
1195         /* For mmu_notifiers */
1196         const unsigned long mmun_start = address;
1197         const unsigned long mmun_end   = address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
1198
1199         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
1200         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
1201         pmd = page_check_address_pmd(page, mm, address,
1202                                      PAGE_CHECK_ADDRESS_PMD_NOTSPLITTING_FLAG);
1203         if (pmd) {
1204                 /*
1205                  * We can't temporarily set the pmd to null in order
1206                  * to split it, the pmd must remain marked huge at all
1207                  * times or the VM won't take the pmd_trans_huge paths
1208                  * and it won't wait on the anon_vma->root->mutex to
1209                  * serialize against split_huge_page*.
1210                  */
1211                 pmdp_splitting_flush(vma, address, pmd);
1212                 ret = 1;
1213         }
1214         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
1215         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
1216
1217         return ret;
1218 }
1219
1220 static void __split_huge_page_refcount(struct page *page)
1221 {
1222         int i;
1223         struct zone *zone = page_zone(page);
1224         struct lruvec *lruvec;
1225         int tail_count = 0;
1226
1227         /* prevent PageLRU to go away from under us, and freeze lru stats */
1228         spin_lock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
1229         lruvec = mem_cgroup_page_lruvec(page, zone);
1230
1231         compound_lock(page);
1232         /* complete memcg works before add pages to LRU */
1233         mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup(page);
1234
1235         for (i = HPAGE_PMD_NR - 1; i >= 1; i--) {
1236                 struct page *page_tail = page + i;
1237
1238                 /* tail_page->_mapcount cannot change */
1239                 BUG_ON(page_mapcount(page_tail) < 0);
1240                 tail_count += page_mapcount(page_tail);
1241                 /* check for overflow */
1242                 BUG_ON(tail_count < 0);
1243                 BUG_ON(atomic_read(&page_tail->_count) != 0);
1244                 /*
1245                  * tail_page->_count is zero and not changing from
1246                  * under us. But get_page_unless_zero() may be running
1247                  * from under us on the tail_page. If we used
1248                  * atomic_set() below instead of atomic_add(), we
1249                  * would then run atomic_set() concurrently with
1250                  * get_page_unless_zero(), and atomic_set() is
1251                  * implemented in C not using locked ops. spin_unlock
1252                  * on x86 sometime uses locked ops because of PPro
1253                  * errata 66, 92, so unless somebody can guarantee
1254                  * atomic_set() here would be safe on all archs (and
1255                  * not only on x86), it's safer to use atomic_add().
1256                  */
1257                 atomic_add(page_mapcount(page) + page_mapcount(page_tail) + 1,
1258                            &page_tail->_count);
1259
1260                 /* after clearing PageTail the gup refcount can be released */
1261                 smp_mb();
1262
1263                 /*
1264                  * retain hwpoison flag of the poisoned tail page:
1265                  *   fix for the unsuitable process killed on Guest Machine(KVM)
1266                  *   by the memory-failure.
1267                  */
1268                 page_tail->flags &= ~PAGE_FLAGS_CHECK_AT_PREP | __PG_HWPOISON;
1269                 page_tail->flags |= (page->flags &
1270                                      ((1L << PG_referenced) |
1271                                       (1L << PG_swapbacked) |
1272                                       (1L << PG_mlocked) |
1273                                       (1L << PG_uptodate)));
1274                 page_tail->flags |= (1L << PG_dirty);
1275
1276                 /* clear PageTail before overwriting first_page */
1277                 smp_wmb();
1278
1279                 /*
1280                  * __split_huge_page_splitting() already set the
1281                  * splitting bit in all pmd that could map this
1282                  * hugepage, that will ensure no CPU can alter the
1283                  * mapcount on the head page. The mapcount is only
1284                  * accounted in the head page and it has to be
1285                  * transferred to all tail pages in the below code. So
1286                  * for this code to be safe, the split the mapcount
1287                  * can't change. But that doesn't mean userland can't
1288                  * keep changing and reading the page contents while
1289                  * we transfer the mapcount, so the pmd splitting
1290                  * status is achieved setting a reserved bit in the
1291                  * pmd, not by clearing the present bit.
1292                 */
1293                 page_tail->_mapcount = page->_mapcount;
1294
1295                 BUG_ON(page_tail->mapping);
1296                 page_tail->mapping = page->mapping;
1297
1298                 page_tail->index = page->index + i;
1299
1300                 BUG_ON(!PageAnon(page_tail));
1301                 BUG_ON(!PageUptodate(page_tail));
1302                 BUG_ON(!PageDirty(page_tail));
1303                 BUG_ON(!PageSwapBacked(page_tail));
1304
1305                 lru_add_page_tail(page, page_tail, lruvec);
1306         }
1307         atomic_sub(tail_count, &page->_count);
1308         BUG_ON(atomic_read(&page->_count) <= 0);
1309
1310         __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ANON_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGES, -1);
1311         __mod_zone_page_state(zone, NR_ANON_PAGES, HPAGE_PMD_NR);
1312
1313         ClearPageCompound(page);
1314         compound_unlock(page);
1315         spin_unlock_irq(&zone->lru_lock);
1316
1317         for (i = 1; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++) {
1318                 struct page *page_tail = page + i;
1319                 BUG_ON(page_count(page_tail) <= 0);
1320                 /*
1321                  * Tail pages may be freed if there wasn't any mapping
1322                  * like if add_to_swap() is running on a lru page that
1323                  * had its mapping zapped. And freeing these pages
1324                  * requires taking the lru_lock so we do the put_page
1325                  * of the tail pages after the split is complete.
1326                  */
1327                 put_page(page_tail);
1328         }
1329
1330         /*
1331          * Only the head page (now become a regular page) is required
1332          * to be pinned by the caller.
1333          */
1334         BUG_ON(page_count(page) <= 0);
1335 }
1336
1337 static int __split_huge_page_map(struct page *page,
1338                                  struct vm_area_struct *vma,
1339                                  unsigned long address)
1340 {
1341         struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
1342         pmd_t *pmd, _pmd;
1343         int ret = 0, i;
1344         pgtable_t pgtable;
1345         unsigned long haddr;
1346
1347         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
1348         pmd = page_check_address_pmd(page, mm, address,
1349                                      PAGE_CHECK_ADDRESS_PMD_SPLITTING_FLAG);
1350         if (pmd) {
1351                 pgtable = pgtable_trans_huge_withdraw(mm);
1352                 pmd_populate(mm, &_pmd, pgtable);
1353
1354                 haddr = address;
1355                 for (i = 0; i < HPAGE_PMD_NR; i++, haddr += PAGE_SIZE) {
1356                         pte_t *pte, entry;
1357                         BUG_ON(PageCompound(page+i));
1358                         entry = mk_pte(page + i, vma->vm_page_prot);
1359                         entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
1360                         if (!pmd_write(*pmd))
1361                                 entry = pte_wrprotect(entry);
1362                         else
1363                                 BUG_ON(page_mapcount(page) != 1);
1364                         if (!pmd_young(*pmd))
1365                                 entry = pte_mkold(entry);
1366                         pte = pte_offset_map(&_pmd, haddr);
1367                         BUG_ON(!pte_none(*pte));
1368                         set_pte_at(mm, haddr, pte, entry);
1369                         pte_unmap(pte);
1370                 }
1371
1372                 smp_wmb(); /* make pte visible before pmd */
1373                 /*
1374                  * Up to this point the pmd is present and huge and
1375                  * userland has the whole access to the hugepage
1376                  * during the split (which happens in place). If we
1377                  * overwrite the pmd with the not-huge version
1378                  * pointing to the pte here (which of course we could
1379                  * if all CPUs were bug free), userland could trigger
1380                  * a small page size TLB miss on the small sized TLB
1381                  * while the hugepage TLB entry is still established
1382                  * in the huge TLB. Some CPU doesn't like that. See
1383                  * http://support.amd.com/us/Processor_TechDocs/41322.pdf,
1384                  * Erratum 383 on page 93. Intel should be safe but is
1385                  * also warns that it's only safe if the permission
1386                  * and cache attributes of the two entries loaded in
1387                  * the two TLB is identical (which should be the case
1388                  * here). But it is generally safer to never allow
1389                  * small and huge TLB entries for the same virtual
1390                  * address to be loaded simultaneously. So instead of
1391                  * doing "pmd_populate(); flush_tlb_range();" we first
1392                  * mark the current pmd notpresent (atomically because
1393                  * here the pmd_trans_huge and pmd_trans_splitting
1394                  * must remain set at all times on the pmd until the
1395                  * split is complete for this pmd), then we flush the
1396                  * SMP TLB and finally we write the non-huge version
1397                  * of the pmd entry with pmd_populate.
1398                  */
1399                 pmdp_invalidate(vma, address, pmd);
1400                 pmd_populate(mm, pmd, pgtable);
1401                 ret = 1;
1402         }
1403         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
1404
1405         return ret;
1406 }
1407
1408 /* must be called with anon_vma->root->mutex hold */
1409 static void __split_huge_page(struct page *page,
1410                               struct anon_vma *anon_vma)
1411 {
1412         int mapcount, mapcount2;
1413         pgoff_t pgoff = page->index << (PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT);
1414         struct anon_vma_chain *avc;
1415
1416         BUG_ON(!PageHead(page));
1417         BUG_ON(PageTail(page));
1418
1419         mapcount = 0;
1420         anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, &anon_vma->rb_root, pgoff, pgoff) {
1421                 struct vm_area_struct *vma = avc->vma;
1422                 unsigned long addr = vma_address(page, vma);
1423                 BUG_ON(is_vma_temporary_stack(vma));
1424                 mapcount += __split_huge_page_splitting(page, vma, addr);
1425         }
1426         /*
1427          * It is critical that new vmas are added to the tail of the
1428          * anon_vma list. This guarantes that if copy_huge_pmd() runs
1429          * and establishes a child pmd before
1430          * __split_huge_page_splitting() freezes the parent pmd (so if
1431          * we fail to prevent copy_huge_pmd() from running until the
1432          * whole __split_huge_page() is complete), we will still see
1433          * the newly established pmd of the child later during the
1434          * walk, to be able to set it as pmd_trans_splitting too.
1435          */
1436         if (mapcount != page_mapcount(page))
1437                 printk(KERN_ERR "mapcount %d page_mapcount %d\n",
1438                        mapcount, page_mapcount(page));
1439         BUG_ON(mapcount != page_mapcount(page));
1440
1441         __split_huge_page_refcount(page);
1442
1443         mapcount2 = 0;
1444         anon_vma_interval_tree_foreach(avc, &anon_vma->rb_root, pgoff, pgoff) {
1445                 struct vm_area_struct *vma = avc->vma;
1446                 unsigned long addr = vma_address(page, vma);
1447                 BUG_ON(is_vma_temporary_stack(vma));
1448                 mapcount2 += __split_huge_page_map(page, vma, addr);
1449         }
1450         if (mapcount != mapcount2)
1451                 printk(KERN_ERR "mapcount %d mapcount2 %d page_mapcount %d\n",
1452                        mapcount, mapcount2, page_mapcount(page));
1453         BUG_ON(mapcount != mapcount2);
1454 }
1455
1456 int split_huge_page(struct page *page)
1457 {
1458         struct anon_vma *anon_vma;
1459         int ret = 1;
1460
1461         BUG_ON(!PageAnon(page));
1462         anon_vma = page_lock_anon_vma(page);
1463         if (!anon_vma)
1464                 goto out;
1465         ret = 0;
1466         if (!PageCompound(page))
1467                 goto out_unlock;
1468
1469         BUG_ON(!PageSwapBacked(page));
1470         __split_huge_page(page, anon_vma);
1471         count_vm_event(THP_SPLIT);
1472
1473         BUG_ON(PageCompound(page));
1474 out_unlock:
1475         page_unlock_anon_vma(anon_vma);
1476 out:
1477         return ret;
1478 }
1479
1480 #define VM_NO_THP (VM_SPECIAL|VM_MIXEDMAP|VM_HUGETLB|VM_SHARED|VM_MAYSHARE)
1481
1482 int hugepage_madvise(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
1483                      unsigned long *vm_flags, int advice)
1484 {
1485         struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
1486
1487         switch (advice) {
1488         case MADV_HUGEPAGE:
1489                 /*
1490                  * Be somewhat over-protective like KSM for now!
1491                  */
1492                 if (*vm_flags & (VM_HUGEPAGE | VM_NO_THP))
1493                         return -EINVAL;
1494                 if (mm->def_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE)
1495                         return -EINVAL;
1496                 *vm_flags &= ~VM_NOHUGEPAGE;
1497                 *vm_flags |= VM_HUGEPAGE;
1498                 /*
1499                  * If the vma become good for khugepaged to scan,
1500                  * register it here without waiting a page fault that
1501                  * may not happen any time soon.
1502                  */
1503                 if (unlikely(khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(vma)))
1504                         return -ENOMEM;
1505                 break;
1506         case MADV_NOHUGEPAGE:
1507                 /*
1508                  * Be somewhat over-protective like KSM for now!
1509                  */
1510                 if (*vm_flags & (VM_NOHUGEPAGE | VM_NO_THP))
1511                         return -EINVAL;
1512                 *vm_flags &= ~VM_HUGEPAGE;
1513                 *vm_flags |= VM_NOHUGEPAGE;
1514                 /*
1515                  * Setting VM_NOHUGEPAGE will prevent khugepaged from scanning
1516                  * this vma even if we leave the mm registered in khugepaged if
1517                  * it got registered before VM_NOHUGEPAGE was set.
1518                  */
1519                 break;
1520         }
1521
1522         return 0;
1523 }
1524
1525 static int __init khugepaged_slab_init(void)
1526 {
1527         mm_slot_cache = kmem_cache_create("khugepaged_mm_slot",
1528                                           sizeof(struct mm_slot),
1529                                           __alignof__(struct mm_slot), 0, NULL);
1530         if (!mm_slot_cache)
1531                 return -ENOMEM;
1532
1533         return 0;
1534 }
1535
1536 static void __init khugepaged_slab_free(void)
1537 {
1538         kmem_cache_destroy(mm_slot_cache);
1539         mm_slot_cache = NULL;
1540 }
1541
1542 static inline struct mm_slot *alloc_mm_slot(void)
1543 {
1544         if (!mm_slot_cache)     /* initialization failed */
1545                 return NULL;
1546         return kmem_cache_zalloc(mm_slot_cache, GFP_KERNEL);
1547 }
1548
1549 static inline void free_mm_slot(struct mm_slot *mm_slot)
1550 {
1551         kmem_cache_free(mm_slot_cache, mm_slot);
1552 }
1553
1554 static int __init mm_slots_hash_init(void)
1555 {
1556         mm_slots_hash = kzalloc(MM_SLOTS_HASH_HEADS * sizeof(struct hlist_head),
1557                                 GFP_KERNEL);
1558         if (!mm_slots_hash)
1559                 return -ENOMEM;
1560         return 0;
1561 }
1562
1563 #if 0
1564 static void __init mm_slots_hash_free(void)
1565 {
1566         kfree(mm_slots_hash);
1567         mm_slots_hash = NULL;
1568 }
1569 #endif
1570
1571 static struct mm_slot *get_mm_slot(struct mm_struct *mm)
1572 {
1573         struct mm_slot *mm_slot;
1574         struct hlist_head *bucket;
1575         struct hlist_node *node;
1576
1577         bucket = &mm_slots_hash[((unsigned long)mm / sizeof(struct mm_struct))
1578                                 % MM_SLOTS_HASH_HEADS];
1579         hlist_for_each_entry(mm_slot, node, bucket, hash) {
1580                 if (mm == mm_slot->mm)
1581                         return mm_slot;
1582         }
1583         return NULL;
1584 }
1585
1586 static void insert_to_mm_slots_hash(struct mm_struct *mm,
1587                                     struct mm_slot *mm_slot)
1588 {
1589         struct hlist_head *bucket;
1590
1591         bucket = &mm_slots_hash[((unsigned long)mm / sizeof(struct mm_struct))
1592                                 % MM_SLOTS_HASH_HEADS];
1593         mm_slot->mm = mm;
1594         hlist_add_head(&mm_slot->hash, bucket);
1595 }
1596
1597 static inline int khugepaged_test_exit(struct mm_struct *mm)
1598 {
1599         return atomic_read(&mm->mm_users) == 0;
1600 }
1601
1602 int __khugepaged_enter(struct mm_struct *mm)
1603 {
1604         struct mm_slot *mm_slot;
1605         int wakeup;
1606
1607         mm_slot = alloc_mm_slot();
1608         if (!mm_slot)
1609                 return -ENOMEM;
1610
1611         /* __khugepaged_exit() must not run from under us */
1612         VM_BUG_ON(khugepaged_test_exit(mm));
1613         if (unlikely(test_and_set_bit(MMF_VM_HUGEPAGE, &mm->flags))) {
1614                 free_mm_slot(mm_slot);
1615                 return 0;
1616         }
1617
1618         spin_lock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
1619         insert_to_mm_slots_hash(mm, mm_slot);
1620         /*
1621          * Insert just behind the scanning cursor, to let the area settle
1622          * down a little.
1623          */
1624         wakeup = list_empty(&khugepaged_scan.mm_head);
1625         list_add_tail(&mm_slot->mm_node, &khugepaged_scan.mm_head);
1626         spin_unlock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
1627
1628         atomic_inc(&mm->mm_count);
1629         if (wakeup)
1630                 wake_up_interruptible(&khugepaged_wait);
1631
1632         return 0;
1633 }
1634
1635 int khugepaged_enter_vma_merge(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
1636 {
1637         unsigned long hstart, hend;
1638         if (!vma->anon_vma)
1639                 /*
1640                  * Not yet faulted in so we will register later in the
1641                  * page fault if needed.
1642                  */
1643                 return 0;
1644         if (vma->vm_ops)
1645                 /* khugepaged not yet working on file or special mappings */
1646                 return 0;
1647         VM_BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_NO_THP);
1648         hstart = (vma->vm_start + ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
1649         hend = vma->vm_end & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
1650         if (hstart < hend)
1651                 return khugepaged_enter(vma);
1652         return 0;
1653 }
1654
1655 void __khugepaged_exit(struct mm_struct *mm)
1656 {
1657         struct mm_slot *mm_slot;
1658         int free = 0;
1659
1660         spin_lock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
1661         mm_slot = get_mm_slot(mm);
1662         if (mm_slot && khugepaged_scan.mm_slot != mm_slot) {
1663                 hlist_del(&mm_slot->hash);
1664                 list_del(&mm_slot->mm_node);
1665                 free = 1;
1666         }
1667         spin_unlock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
1668
1669         if (free) {
1670                 clear_bit(MMF_VM_HUGEPAGE, &mm->flags);
1671                 free_mm_slot(mm_slot);
1672                 mmdrop(mm);
1673         } else if (mm_slot) {
1674                 /*
1675                  * This is required to serialize against
1676                  * khugepaged_test_exit() (which is guaranteed to run
1677                  * under mmap sem read mode). Stop here (after we
1678                  * return all pagetables will be destroyed) until
1679                  * khugepaged has finished working on the pagetables
1680                  * under the mmap_sem.
1681                  */
1682                 down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
1683                 up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
1684         }
1685 }
1686
1687 static void release_pte_page(struct page *page)
1688 {
1689         /* 0 stands for page_is_file_cache(page) == false */
1690         dec_zone_page_state(page, NR_ISOLATED_ANON + 0);
1691         unlock_page(page);
1692         putback_lru_page(page);
1693 }
1694
1695 static void release_pte_pages(pte_t *pte, pte_t *_pte)
1696 {
1697         while (--_pte >= pte) {
1698                 pte_t pteval = *_pte;
1699                 if (!pte_none(pteval))
1700                         release_pte_page(pte_page(pteval));
1701         }
1702 }
1703
1704 static void release_all_pte_pages(pte_t *pte)
1705 {
1706         release_pte_pages(pte, pte + HPAGE_PMD_NR);
1707 }
1708
1709 static int __collapse_huge_page_isolate(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
1710                                         unsigned long address,
1711                                         pte_t *pte)
1712 {
1713         struct page *page;
1714         pte_t *_pte;
1715         int referenced = 0, isolated = 0, none = 0;
1716         for (_pte = pte; _pte < pte+HPAGE_PMD_NR;
1717              _pte++, address += PAGE_SIZE) {
1718                 pte_t pteval = *_pte;
1719                 if (pte_none(pteval)) {
1720                         if (++none <= khugepaged_max_ptes_none)
1721                                 continue;
1722                         else {
1723                                 release_pte_pages(pte, _pte);
1724                                 goto out;
1725                         }
1726                 }
1727                 if (!pte_present(pteval) || !pte_write(pteval)) {
1728                         release_pte_pages(pte, _pte);
1729                         goto out;
1730                 }
1731                 page = vm_normal_page(vma, address, pteval);
1732                 if (unlikely(!page)) {
1733                         release_pte_pages(pte, _pte);
1734                         goto out;
1735                 }
1736                 VM_BUG_ON(PageCompound(page));
1737                 BUG_ON(!PageAnon(page));
1738                 VM_BUG_ON(!PageSwapBacked(page));
1739
1740                 /* cannot use mapcount: can't collapse if there's a gup pin */
1741                 if (page_count(page) != 1) {
1742                         release_pte_pages(pte, _pte);
1743                         goto out;
1744                 }
1745                 /*
1746                  * We can do it before isolate_lru_page because the
1747                  * page can't be freed from under us. NOTE: PG_lock
1748                  * is needed to serialize against split_huge_page
1749                  * when invoked from the VM.
1750                  */
1751                 if (!trylock_page(page)) {
1752                         release_pte_pages(pte, _pte);
1753                         goto out;
1754                 }
1755                 /*
1756                  * Isolate the page to avoid collapsing an hugepage
1757                  * currently in use by the VM.
1758                  */
1759                 if (isolate_lru_page(page)) {
1760                         unlock_page(page);
1761                         release_pte_pages(pte, _pte);
1762                         goto out;
1763                 }
1764                 /* 0 stands for page_is_file_cache(page) == false */
1765                 inc_zone_page_state(page, NR_ISOLATED_ANON + 0);
1766                 VM_BUG_ON(!PageLocked(page));
1767                 VM_BUG_ON(PageLRU(page));
1768
1769                 /* If there is no mapped pte young don't collapse the page */
1770                 if (pte_young(pteval) || PageReferenced(page) ||
1771                     mmu_notifier_test_young(vma->vm_mm, address))
1772                         referenced = 1;
1773         }
1774         if (unlikely(!referenced))
1775                 release_all_pte_pages(pte);
1776         else
1777                 isolated = 1;
1778 out:
1779         return isolated;
1780 }
1781
1782 static void __collapse_huge_page_copy(pte_t *pte, struct page *page,
1783                                       struct vm_area_struct *vma,
1784                                       unsigned long address,
1785                                       spinlock_t *ptl)
1786 {
1787         pte_t *_pte;
1788         for (_pte = pte; _pte < pte+HPAGE_PMD_NR; _pte++) {
1789                 pte_t pteval = *_pte;
1790                 struct page *src_page;
1791
1792                 if (pte_none(pteval)) {
1793                         clear_user_highpage(page, address);
1794                         add_mm_counter(vma->vm_mm, MM_ANONPAGES, 1);
1795                 } else {
1796                         src_page = pte_page(pteval);
1797                         copy_user_highpage(page, src_page, address, vma);
1798                         VM_BUG_ON(page_mapcount(src_page) != 1);
1799                         release_pte_page(src_page);
1800                         /*
1801                          * ptl mostly unnecessary, but preempt has to
1802                          * be disabled to update the per-cpu stats
1803                          * inside page_remove_rmap().
1804                          */
1805                         spin_lock(ptl);
1806                         /*
1807                          * paravirt calls inside pte_clear here are
1808                          * superfluous.
1809                          */
1810                         pte_clear(vma->vm_mm, address, _pte);
1811                         page_remove_rmap(src_page);
1812                         spin_unlock(ptl);
1813                         free_page_and_swap_cache(src_page);
1814                 }
1815
1816                 address += PAGE_SIZE;
1817                 page++;
1818         }
1819 }
1820
1821 static void khugepaged_alloc_sleep(void)
1822 {
1823         wait_event_freezable_timeout(khugepaged_wait, false,
1824                         msecs_to_jiffies(khugepaged_alloc_sleep_millisecs));
1825 }
1826
1827 #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
1828 static bool khugepaged_prealloc_page(struct page **hpage, bool *wait)
1829 {
1830         if (IS_ERR(*hpage)) {
1831                 if (!*wait)
1832                         return false;
1833
1834                 *wait = false;
1835                 *hpage = NULL;
1836                 khugepaged_alloc_sleep();
1837         } else if (*hpage) {
1838                 put_page(*hpage);
1839                 *hpage = NULL;
1840         }
1841
1842         return true;
1843 }
1844
1845 static struct page
1846 *khugepaged_alloc_page(struct page **hpage, struct mm_struct *mm,
1847                        struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
1848                        int node)
1849 {
1850         VM_BUG_ON(*hpage);
1851         /*
1852          * Allocate the page while the vma is still valid and under
1853          * the mmap_sem read mode so there is no memory allocation
1854          * later when we take the mmap_sem in write mode. This is more
1855          * friendly behavior (OTOH it may actually hide bugs) to
1856          * filesystems in userland with daemons allocating memory in
1857          * the userland I/O paths.  Allocating memory with the
1858          * mmap_sem in read mode is good idea also to allow greater
1859          * scalability.
1860          */
1861         *hpage  = alloc_hugepage_vma(khugepaged_defrag(), vma, address,
1862                                       node, __GFP_OTHER_NODE);
1863
1864         /*
1865          * After allocating the hugepage, release the mmap_sem read lock in
1866          * preparation for taking it in write mode.
1867          */
1868         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
1869         if (unlikely(!*hpage)) {
1870                 count_vm_event(THP_COLLAPSE_ALLOC_FAILED);
1871                 *hpage = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
1872                 return NULL;
1873         }
1874
1875         count_vm_event(THP_COLLAPSE_ALLOC);
1876         return *hpage;
1877 }
1878 #else
1879 static struct page *khugepaged_alloc_hugepage(bool *wait)
1880 {
1881         struct page *hpage;
1882
1883         do {
1884                 hpage = alloc_hugepage(khugepaged_defrag());
1885                 if (!hpage) {
1886                         count_vm_event(THP_COLLAPSE_ALLOC_FAILED);
1887                         if (!*wait)
1888                                 return NULL;
1889
1890                         *wait = false;
1891                         khugepaged_alloc_sleep();
1892                 } else
1893                         count_vm_event(THP_COLLAPSE_ALLOC);
1894         } while (unlikely(!hpage) && likely(khugepaged_enabled()));
1895
1896         return hpage;
1897 }
1898
1899 static bool khugepaged_prealloc_page(struct page **hpage, bool *wait)
1900 {
1901         if (!*hpage)
1902                 *hpage = khugepaged_alloc_hugepage(wait);
1903
1904         if (unlikely(!*hpage))
1905                 return false;
1906
1907         return true;
1908 }
1909
1910 static struct page
1911 *khugepaged_alloc_page(struct page **hpage, struct mm_struct *mm,
1912                        struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
1913                        int node)
1914 {
1915         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
1916         VM_BUG_ON(!*hpage);
1917         return  *hpage;
1918 }
1919 #endif
1920
1921 static void collapse_huge_page(struct mm_struct *mm,
1922                                    unsigned long address,
1923                                    struct page **hpage,
1924                                    struct vm_area_struct *vma,
1925                                    int node)
1926 {
1927         pgd_t *pgd;
1928         pud_t *pud;
1929         pmd_t *pmd, _pmd;
1930         pte_t *pte;
1931         pgtable_t pgtable;
1932         struct page *new_page;
1933         spinlock_t *ptl;
1934         int isolated;
1935         unsigned long hstart, hend;
1936         unsigned long mmun_start;       /* For mmu_notifiers */
1937         unsigned long mmun_end;         /* For mmu_notifiers */
1938
1939         VM_BUG_ON(address & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK);
1940
1941         /* release the mmap_sem read lock. */
1942         new_page = khugepaged_alloc_page(hpage, mm, vma, address, node);
1943         if (!new_page)
1944                 return;
1945
1946         if (unlikely(mem_cgroup_newpage_charge(new_page, mm, GFP_KERNEL)))
1947                 return;
1948
1949         /*
1950          * Prevent all access to pagetables with the exception of
1951          * gup_fast later hanlded by the ptep_clear_flush and the VM
1952          * handled by the anon_vma lock + PG_lock.
1953          */
1954         down_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
1955         if (unlikely(khugepaged_test_exit(mm)))
1956                 goto out;
1957
1958         vma = find_vma(mm, address);
1959         hstart = (vma->vm_start + ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
1960         hend = vma->vm_end & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
1961         if (address < hstart || address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE > hend)
1962                 goto out;
1963
1964         if ((!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE) && !khugepaged_always()) ||
1965             (vma->vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE))
1966                 goto out;
1967
1968         if (!vma->anon_vma || vma->vm_ops)
1969                 goto out;
1970         if (is_vma_temporary_stack(vma))
1971                 goto out;
1972         VM_BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_NO_THP);
1973
1974         pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
1975         if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
1976                 goto out;
1977
1978         pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
1979         if (!pud_present(*pud))
1980                 goto out;
1981
1982         pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
1983         /* pmd can't go away or become huge under us */
1984         if (!pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))
1985                 goto out;
1986
1987         anon_vma_lock(vma->anon_vma);
1988
1989         pte = pte_offset_map(pmd, address);
1990         ptl = pte_lockptr(mm, pmd);
1991
1992         mmun_start = address;
1993         mmun_end   = address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
1994         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
1995         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock); /* probably unnecessary */
1996         /*
1997          * After this gup_fast can't run anymore. This also removes
1998          * any huge TLB entry from the CPU so we won't allow
1999          * huge and small TLB entries for the same virtual address
2000          * to avoid the risk of CPU bugs in that area.
2001          */
2002         _pmd = pmdp_clear_flush(vma, address, pmd);
2003         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
2004         mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(mm, mmun_start, mmun_end);
2005
2006         spin_lock(ptl);
2007         isolated = __collapse_huge_page_isolate(vma, address, pte);
2008         spin_unlock(ptl);
2009
2010         if (unlikely(!isolated)) {
2011                 pte_unmap(pte);
2012                 spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
2013                 BUG_ON(!pmd_none(*pmd));
2014                 set_pmd_at(mm, address, pmd, _pmd);
2015                 spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
2016                 anon_vma_unlock(vma->anon_vma);
2017                 goto out;
2018         }
2019
2020         /*
2021          * All pages are isolated and locked so anon_vma rmap
2022          * can't run anymore.
2023          */
2024         anon_vma_unlock(vma->anon_vma);
2025
2026         __collapse_huge_page_copy(pte, new_page, vma, address, ptl);
2027         pte_unmap(pte);
2028         __SetPageUptodate(new_page);
2029         pgtable = pmd_pgtable(_pmd);
2030
2031         _pmd = mk_pmd(new_page, vma->vm_page_prot);
2032         _pmd = maybe_pmd_mkwrite(pmd_mkdirty(_pmd), vma);
2033         _pmd = pmd_mkhuge(_pmd);
2034
2035         /*
2036          * spin_lock() below is not the equivalent of smp_wmb(), so
2037          * this is needed to avoid the copy_huge_page writes to become
2038          * visible after the set_pmd_at() write.
2039          */
2040         smp_wmb();
2041
2042         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
2043         BUG_ON(!pmd_none(*pmd));
2044         page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, address);
2045         set_pmd_at(mm, address, pmd, _pmd);
2046         update_mmu_cache_pmd(vma, address, pmd);
2047         pgtable_trans_huge_deposit(mm, pgtable);
2048         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
2049
2050         *hpage = NULL;
2051
2052         khugepaged_pages_collapsed++;
2053 out_up_write:
2054         up_write(&mm->mmap_sem);
2055         return;
2056
2057 out:
2058         mem_cgroup_uncharge_page(new_page);
2059         goto out_up_write;
2060 }
2061
2062 static int khugepaged_scan_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm,
2063                                struct vm_area_struct *vma,
2064                                unsigned long address,
2065                                struct page **hpage)
2066 {
2067         pgd_t *pgd;
2068         pud_t *pud;
2069         pmd_t *pmd;
2070         pte_t *pte, *_pte;
2071         int ret = 0, referenced = 0, none = 0;
2072         struct page *page;
2073         unsigned long _address;
2074         spinlock_t *ptl;
2075         int node = -1;
2076
2077         VM_BUG_ON(address & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK);
2078
2079         pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
2080         if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
2081                 goto out;
2082
2083         pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
2084         if (!pud_present(*pud))
2085                 goto out;
2086
2087         pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
2088         if (!pmd_present(*pmd) || pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))
2089                 goto out;
2090
2091         pte = pte_offset_map_lock(mm, pmd, address, &ptl);
2092         for (_address = address, _pte = pte; _pte < pte+HPAGE_PMD_NR;
2093              _pte++, _address += PAGE_SIZE) {
2094                 pte_t pteval = *_pte;
2095                 if (pte_none(pteval)) {
2096                         if (++none <= khugepaged_max_ptes_none)
2097                                 continue;
2098                         else
2099                                 goto out_unmap;
2100                 }
2101                 if (!pte_present(pteval) || !pte_write(pteval))
2102                         goto out_unmap;
2103                 page = vm_normal_page(vma, _address, pteval);
2104                 if (unlikely(!page))
2105                         goto out_unmap;
2106                 /*
2107                  * Chose the node of the first page. This could
2108                  * be more sophisticated and look at more pages,
2109                  * but isn't for now.
2110                  */
2111                 if (node == -1)
2112                         node = page_to_nid(page);
2113                 VM_BUG_ON(PageCompound(page));
2114                 if (!PageLRU(page) || PageLocked(page) || !PageAnon(page))
2115                         goto out_unmap;
2116                 /* cannot use mapcount: can't collapse if there's a gup pin */
2117                 if (page_count(page) != 1)
2118                         goto out_unmap;
2119                 if (pte_young(pteval) || PageReferenced(page) ||
2120                     mmu_notifier_test_young(vma->vm_mm, address))
2121                         referenced = 1;
2122         }
2123         if (referenced)
2124                 ret = 1;
2125 out_unmap:
2126         pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
2127         if (ret)
2128                 /* collapse_huge_page will return with the mmap_sem released */
2129                 collapse_huge_page(mm, address, hpage, vma, node);
2130 out:
2131         return ret;
2132 }
2133
2134 static void collect_mm_slot(struct mm_slot *mm_slot)
2135 {
2136         struct mm_struct *mm = mm_slot->mm;
2137
2138         VM_BUG_ON(NR_CPUS != 1 && !spin_is_locked(&khugepaged_mm_lock));
2139
2140         if (khugepaged_test_exit(mm)) {
2141                 /* free mm_slot */
2142                 hlist_del(&mm_slot->hash);
2143                 list_del(&mm_slot->mm_node);
2144
2145                 /*
2146                  * Not strictly needed because the mm exited already.
2147                  *
2148                  * clear_bit(MMF_VM_HUGEPAGE, &mm->flags);
2149                  */
2150
2151                 /* khugepaged_mm_lock actually not necessary for the below */
2152                 free_mm_slot(mm_slot);
2153                 mmdrop(mm);
2154         }
2155 }
2156
2157 static unsigned int khugepaged_scan_mm_slot(unsigned int pages,
2158                                             struct page **hpage)
2159         __releases(&khugepaged_mm_lock)
2160         __acquires(&khugepaged_mm_lock)
2161 {
2162         struct mm_slot *mm_slot;
2163         struct mm_struct *mm;
2164         struct vm_area_struct *vma;
2165         int progress = 0;
2166
2167         VM_BUG_ON(!pages);
2168         VM_BUG_ON(NR_CPUS != 1 && !spin_is_locked(&khugepaged_mm_lock));
2169
2170         if (khugepaged_scan.mm_slot)
2171                 mm_slot = khugepaged_scan.mm_slot;
2172         else {
2173                 mm_slot = list_entry(khugepaged_scan.mm_head.next,
2174                                      struct mm_slot, mm_node);
2175                 khugepaged_scan.address = 0;
2176                 khugepaged_scan.mm_slot = mm_slot;
2177         }
2178         spin_unlock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
2179
2180         mm = mm_slot->mm;
2181         down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
2182         if (unlikely(khugepaged_test_exit(mm)))
2183                 vma = NULL;
2184         else
2185                 vma = find_vma(mm, khugepaged_scan.address);
2186
2187         progress++;
2188         for (; vma; vma = vma->vm_next) {
2189                 unsigned long hstart, hend;
2190
2191                 cond_resched();
2192                 if (unlikely(khugepaged_test_exit(mm))) {
2193                         progress++;
2194                         break;
2195                 }
2196
2197                 if ((!(vma->vm_flags & VM_HUGEPAGE) &&
2198                      !khugepaged_always()) ||
2199                     (vma->vm_flags & VM_NOHUGEPAGE)) {
2200                 skip:
2201                         progress++;
2202                         continue;
2203                 }
2204                 if (!vma->anon_vma || vma->vm_ops)
2205                         goto skip;
2206                 if (is_vma_temporary_stack(vma))
2207                         goto skip;
2208                 VM_BUG_ON(vma->vm_flags & VM_NO_THP);
2209
2210                 hstart = (vma->vm_start + ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK) & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
2211                 hend = vma->vm_end & HPAGE_PMD_MASK;
2212                 if (hstart >= hend)
2213                         goto skip;
2214                 if (khugepaged_scan.address > hend)
2215                         goto skip;
2216                 if (khugepaged_scan.address < hstart)
2217                         khugepaged_scan.address = hstart;
2218                 VM_BUG_ON(khugepaged_scan.address & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK);
2219
2220                 while (khugepaged_scan.address < hend) {
2221                         int ret;
2222                         cond_resched();
2223                         if (unlikely(khugepaged_test_exit(mm)))
2224                                 goto breakouterloop;
2225
2226                         VM_BUG_ON(khugepaged_scan.address < hstart ||
2227                                   khugepaged_scan.address + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE >
2228                                   hend);
2229                         ret = khugepaged_scan_pmd(mm, vma,
2230                                                   khugepaged_scan.address,
2231                                                   hpage);
2232                         /* move to next address */
2233                         khugepaged_scan.address += HPAGE_PMD_SIZE;
2234                         progress += HPAGE_PMD_NR;
2235                         if (ret)
2236                                 /* we released mmap_sem so break loop */
2237                                 goto breakouterloop_mmap_sem;
2238                         if (progress >= pages)
2239                                 goto breakouterloop;
2240                 }
2241         }
2242 breakouterloop:
2243         up_read(&mm->mmap_sem); /* exit_mmap will destroy ptes after this */
2244 breakouterloop_mmap_sem:
2245
2246         spin_lock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
2247         VM_BUG_ON(khugepaged_scan.mm_slot != mm_slot);
2248         /*
2249          * Release the current mm_slot if this mm is about to die, or
2250          * if we scanned all vmas of this mm.
2251          */
2252         if (khugepaged_test_exit(mm) || !vma) {
2253                 /*
2254                  * Make sure that if mm_users is reaching zero while
2255                  * khugepaged runs here, khugepaged_exit will find
2256                  * mm_slot not pointing to the exiting mm.
2257                  */
2258                 if (mm_slot->mm_node.next != &khugepaged_scan.mm_head) {
2259                         khugepaged_scan.mm_slot = list_entry(
2260                                 mm_slot->mm_node.next,
2261                                 struct mm_slot, mm_node);
2262                         khugepaged_scan.address = 0;
2263                 } else {
2264                         khugepaged_scan.mm_slot = NULL;
2265                         khugepaged_full_scans++;
2266                 }
2267
2268                 collect_mm_slot(mm_slot);
2269         }
2270
2271         return progress;
2272 }
2273
2274 static int khugepaged_has_work(void)
2275 {
2276         return !list_empty(&khugepaged_scan.mm_head) &&
2277                 khugepaged_enabled();
2278 }
2279
2280 static int khugepaged_wait_event(void)
2281 {
2282         return !list_empty(&khugepaged_scan.mm_head) ||
2283                 kthread_should_stop();
2284 }
2285
2286 static void khugepaged_do_scan(void)
2287 {
2288         struct page *hpage = NULL;
2289         unsigned int progress = 0, pass_through_head = 0;
2290         unsigned int pages = khugepaged_pages_to_scan;
2291         bool wait = true;
2292
2293         barrier(); /* write khugepaged_pages_to_scan to local stack */
2294
2295         while (progress < pages) {
2296                 if (!khugepaged_prealloc_page(&hpage, &wait))
2297                         break;
2298
2299                 cond_resched();
2300
2301                 if (unlikely(kthread_should_stop() || freezing(current)))
2302                         break;
2303
2304                 spin_lock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
2305                 if (!khugepaged_scan.mm_slot)
2306                         pass_through_head++;
2307                 if (khugepaged_has_work() &&
2308                     pass_through_head < 2)
2309                         progress += khugepaged_scan_mm_slot(pages - progress,
2310                                                             &hpage);
2311                 else
2312                         progress = pages;
2313                 spin_unlock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
2314         }
2315
2316         if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(hpage))
2317                 put_page(hpage);
2318 }
2319
2320 static void khugepaged_wait_work(void)
2321 {
2322         try_to_freeze();
2323
2324         if (khugepaged_has_work()) {
2325                 if (!khugepaged_scan_sleep_millisecs)
2326                         return;
2327
2328                 wait_event_freezable_timeout(khugepaged_wait,
2329                                              kthread_should_stop(),
2330                         msecs_to_jiffies(khugepaged_scan_sleep_millisecs));
2331                 return;
2332         }
2333
2334         if (khugepaged_enabled())
2335                 wait_event_freezable(khugepaged_wait, khugepaged_wait_event());
2336 }
2337
2338 static int khugepaged(void *none)
2339 {
2340         struct mm_slot *mm_slot;
2341
2342         set_freezable();
2343         set_user_nice(current, 19);
2344
2345         while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
2346                 khugepaged_do_scan();
2347                 khugepaged_wait_work();
2348         }
2349
2350         spin_lock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
2351         mm_slot = khugepaged_scan.mm_slot;
2352         khugepaged_scan.mm_slot = NULL;
2353         if (mm_slot)
2354                 collect_mm_slot(mm_slot);
2355         spin_unlock(&khugepaged_mm_lock);
2356         return 0;
2357 }
2358
2359 void __split_huge_page_pmd(struct mm_struct *mm, pmd_t *pmd)
2360 {
2361         struct page *page;
2362
2363         spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
2364         if (unlikely(!pmd_trans_huge(*pmd))) {
2365                 spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
2366                 return;
2367         }
2368         page = pmd_page(*pmd);
2369         VM_BUG_ON(!page_count(page));
2370         get_page(page);
2371         spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
2372
2373         split_huge_page(page);
2374
2375         put_page(page);
2376         BUG_ON(pmd_trans_huge(*pmd));
2377 }
2378
2379 static void split_huge_page_address(struct mm_struct *mm,
2380                                     unsigned long address)
2381 {
2382         pgd_t *pgd;
2383         pud_t *pud;
2384         pmd_t *pmd;
2385
2386         VM_BUG_ON(!(address & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK));
2387
2388         pgd = pgd_offset(mm, address);
2389         if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
2390                 return;
2391
2392         pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
2393         if (!pud_present(*pud))
2394                 return;
2395
2396         pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
2397         if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
2398                 return;
2399         /*
2400          * Caller holds the mmap_sem write mode, so a huge pmd cannot
2401          * materialize from under us.
2402          */
2403         split_huge_page_pmd(mm, pmd);
2404 }
2405
2406 void __vma_adjust_trans_huge(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
2407                              unsigned long start,
2408                              unsigned long end,
2409                              long adjust_next)
2410 {
2411         /*
2412          * If the new start address isn't hpage aligned and it could
2413          * previously contain an hugepage: check if we need to split
2414          * an huge pmd.
2415          */
2416         if (start & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK &&
2417             (start & HPAGE_PMD_MASK) >= vma->vm_start &&
2418             (start & HPAGE_PMD_MASK) + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE <= vma->vm_end)
2419                 split_huge_page_address(vma->vm_mm, start);
2420
2421         /*
2422          * If the new end address isn't hpage aligned and it could
2423          * previously contain an hugepage: check if we need to split
2424          * an huge pmd.
2425          */
2426         if (end & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK &&
2427             (end & HPAGE_PMD_MASK) >= vma->vm_start &&
2428             (end & HPAGE_PMD_MASK) + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE <= vma->vm_end)
2429                 split_huge_page_address(vma->vm_mm, end);
2430
2431         /*
2432          * If we're also updating the vma->vm_next->vm_start, if the new
2433          * vm_next->vm_start isn't page aligned and it could previously
2434          * contain an hugepage: check if we need to split an huge pmd.
2435          */
2436         if (adjust_next > 0) {
2437                 struct vm_area_struct *next = vma->vm_next;
2438                 unsigned long nstart = next->vm_start;
2439                 nstart += adjust_next << PAGE_SHIFT;
2440                 if (nstart & ~HPAGE_PMD_MASK &&
2441                     (nstart & HPAGE_PMD_MASK) >= next->vm_start &&
2442                     (nstart & HPAGE_PMD_MASK) + HPAGE_PMD_SIZE <= next->vm_end)
2443                         split_huge_page_address(next->vm_mm, nstart);
2444         }
2445 }