]> git.openfabrics.org - ~shefty/rdma-dev.git/blob - scripts/checkpatch.pl
checkpatch: fix $Float creation of match variables
[~shefty/rdma-dev.git] / scripts / checkpatch.pl
1 #!/usr/bin/perl -w
2 # (c) 2001, Dave Jones. (the file handling bit)
3 # (c) 2005, Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com> (the ugly bit)
4 # (c) 2007,2008, Andy Whitcroft <apw@uk.ibm.com> (new conditions, test suite)
5 # (c) 2008-2010 Andy Whitcroft <apw@canonical.com>
6 # Licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL License version 2
7
8 use strict;
9
10 my $P = $0;
11 $P =~ s@.*/@@g;
12
13 my $V = '0.32';
14
15 use Getopt::Long qw(:config no_auto_abbrev);
16
17 my $quiet = 0;
18 my $tree = 1;
19 my $chk_signoff = 1;
20 my $chk_patch = 1;
21 my $tst_only;
22 my $emacs = 0;
23 my $terse = 0;
24 my $file = 0;
25 my $check = 0;
26 my $summary = 1;
27 my $mailback = 0;
28 my $summary_file = 0;
29 my $show_types = 0;
30 my $root;
31 my %debug;
32 my %ignore_type = ();
33 my @ignore = ();
34 my $help = 0;
35 my $configuration_file = ".checkpatch.conf";
36 my $max_line_length = 80;
37
38 sub help {
39         my ($exitcode) = @_;
40
41         print << "EOM";
42 Usage: $P [OPTION]... [FILE]...
43 Version: $V
44
45 Options:
46   -q, --quiet                quiet
47   --no-tree                  run without a kernel tree
48   --no-signoff               do not check for 'Signed-off-by' line
49   --patch                    treat FILE as patchfile (default)
50   --emacs                    emacs compile window format
51   --terse                    one line per report
52   -f, --file                 treat FILE as regular source file
53   --subjective, --strict     enable more subjective tests
54   --ignore TYPE(,TYPE2...)   ignore various comma separated message types
55   --max-line-length=n        set the maximum line length, if exceeded, warn
56   --show-types               show the message "types" in the output
57   --root=PATH                PATH to the kernel tree root
58   --no-summary               suppress the per-file summary
59   --mailback                 only produce a report in case of warnings/errors
60   --summary-file             include the filename in summary
61   --debug KEY=[0|1]          turn on/off debugging of KEY, where KEY is one of
62                              'values', 'possible', 'type', and 'attr' (default
63                              is all off)
64   --test-only=WORD           report only warnings/errors containing WORD
65                              literally
66   -h, --help, --version      display this help and exit
67
68 When FILE is - read standard input.
69 EOM
70
71         exit($exitcode);
72 }
73
74 my $conf = which_conf($configuration_file);
75 if (-f $conf) {
76         my @conf_args;
77         open(my $conffile, '<', "$conf")
78             or warn "$P: Can't find a readable $configuration_file file $!\n";
79
80         while (<$conffile>) {
81                 my $line = $_;
82
83                 $line =~ s/\s*\n?$//g;
84                 $line =~ s/^\s*//g;
85                 $line =~ s/\s+/ /g;
86
87                 next if ($line =~ m/^\s*#/);
88                 next if ($line =~ m/^\s*$/);
89
90                 my @words = split(" ", $line);
91                 foreach my $word (@words) {
92                         last if ($word =~ m/^#/);
93                         push (@conf_args, $word);
94                 }
95         }
96         close($conffile);
97         unshift(@ARGV, @conf_args) if @conf_args;
98 }
99
100 GetOptions(
101         'q|quiet+'      => \$quiet,
102         'tree!'         => \$tree,
103         'signoff!'      => \$chk_signoff,
104         'patch!'        => \$chk_patch,
105         'emacs!'        => \$emacs,
106         'terse!'        => \$terse,
107         'f|file!'       => \$file,
108         'subjective!'   => \$check,
109         'strict!'       => \$check,
110         'ignore=s'      => \@ignore,
111         'show-types!'   => \$show_types,
112         'max-line-length=i' => \$max_line_length,
113         'root=s'        => \$root,
114         'summary!'      => \$summary,
115         'mailback!'     => \$mailback,
116         'summary-file!' => \$summary_file,
117
118         'debug=s'       => \%debug,
119         'test-only=s'   => \$tst_only,
120         'h|help'        => \$help,
121         'version'       => \$help
122 ) or help(1);
123
124 help(0) if ($help);
125
126 my $exit = 0;
127
128 if ($#ARGV < 0) {
129         print "$P: no input files\n";
130         exit(1);
131 }
132
133 @ignore = split(/,/, join(',',@ignore));
134 foreach my $word (@ignore) {
135         $word =~ s/\s*\n?$//g;
136         $word =~ s/^\s*//g;
137         $word =~ s/\s+/ /g;
138         $word =~ tr/[a-z]/[A-Z]/;
139
140         next if ($word =~ m/^\s*#/);
141         next if ($word =~ m/^\s*$/);
142
143         $ignore_type{$word}++;
144 }
145
146 my $dbg_values = 0;
147 my $dbg_possible = 0;
148 my $dbg_type = 0;
149 my $dbg_attr = 0;
150 for my $key (keys %debug) {
151         ## no critic
152         eval "\${dbg_$key} = '$debug{$key}';";
153         die "$@" if ($@);
154 }
155
156 my $rpt_cleaners = 0;
157
158 if ($terse) {
159         $emacs = 1;
160         $quiet++;
161 }
162
163 if ($tree) {
164         if (defined $root) {
165                 if (!top_of_kernel_tree($root)) {
166                         die "$P: $root: --root does not point at a valid tree\n";
167                 }
168         } else {
169                 if (top_of_kernel_tree('.')) {
170                         $root = '.';
171                 } elsif ($0 =~ m@(.*)/scripts/[^/]*$@ &&
172                                                 top_of_kernel_tree($1)) {
173                         $root = $1;
174                 }
175         }
176
177         if (!defined $root) {
178                 print "Must be run from the top-level dir. of a kernel tree\n";
179                 exit(2);
180         }
181 }
182
183 my $emitted_corrupt = 0;
184
185 our $Ident      = qr{
186                         [A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*
187                         (?:\s*\#\#\s*[A-Za-z_][A-Za-z\d_]*)*
188                 }x;
189 our $Storage    = qr{extern|static|asmlinkage};
190 our $Sparse     = qr{
191                         __user|
192                         __kernel|
193                         __force|
194                         __iomem|
195                         __must_check|
196                         __init_refok|
197                         __kprobes|
198                         __ref|
199                         __rcu
200                 }x;
201
202 # Notes to $Attribute:
203 # We need \b after 'init' otherwise 'initconst' will cause a false positive in a check
204 our $Attribute  = qr{
205                         const|
206                         __percpu|
207                         __nocast|
208                         __safe|
209                         __bitwise__|
210                         __packed__|
211                         __packed2__|
212                         __naked|
213                         __maybe_unused|
214                         __always_unused|
215                         __noreturn|
216                         __used|
217                         __cold|
218                         __noclone|
219                         __deprecated|
220                         __read_mostly|
221                         __kprobes|
222                         __(?:mem|cpu|dev|)(?:initdata|initconst|init\b)|
223                         ____cacheline_aligned|
224                         ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp|
225                         ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp|
226                         __weak
227                   }x;
228 our $Modifier;
229 our $Inline     = qr{inline|__always_inline|noinline};
230 our $Member     = qr{->$Ident|\.$Ident|\[[^]]*\]};
231 our $Lval       = qr{$Ident(?:$Member)*};
232
233 our $Float_hex  = qr{(?i)0x[0-9a-f]+p-?[0-9]+[fl]?};
234 our $Float_dec  = qr{(?i)(?:[0-9]+\.[0-9]*|[0-9]*\.[0-9]+)(?:e-?[0-9]+)?[fl]?};
235 our $Float_int  = qr{(?i)[0-9]+e-?[0-9]+[fl]?};
236 our $Float      = qr{$Float_hex|$Float_dec|$Float_int};
237 our $Constant   = qr{$Float|(?i)(?:0x[0-9a-f]+|[0-9]+)[ul]*};
238 our $Assignment = qr{\*\=|/=|%=|\+=|-=|<<=|>>=|&=|\^=|\|=|=};
239 our $Compare    = qr{<=|>=|==|!=|<|>};
240 our $Operators  = qr{
241                         <=|>=|==|!=|
242                         =>|->|<<|>>|<|>|!|~|
243                         &&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%
244                   }x;
245
246 our $NonptrType;
247 our $Type;
248 our $Declare;
249
250 our $NON_ASCII_UTF8     = qr{
251         [\xC2-\xDF][\x80-\xBF]               # non-overlong 2-byte
252         |  \xE0[\xA0-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]        # excluding overlongs
253         | [\xE1-\xEC\xEE\xEF][\x80-\xBF]{2}  # straight 3-byte
254         |  \xED[\x80-\x9F][\x80-\xBF]        # excluding surrogates
255         |  \xF0[\x90-\xBF][\x80-\xBF]{2}     # planes 1-3
256         | [\xF1-\xF3][\x80-\xBF]{3}          # planes 4-15
257         |  \xF4[\x80-\x8F][\x80-\xBF]{2}     # plane 16
258 }x;
259
260 our $UTF8       = qr{
261         [\x09\x0A\x0D\x20-\x7E]              # ASCII
262         | $NON_ASCII_UTF8
263 }x;
264
265 our $typeTypedefs = qr{(?x:
266         (?:__)?(?:u|s|be|le)(?:8|16|32|64)|
267         atomic_t
268 )};
269
270 our $logFunctions = qr{(?x:
271         printk(?:_ratelimited|_once|)|
272         [a-z0-9]+_(?:printk|emerg|alert|crit|err|warning|warn|notice|info|debug|dbg|vdbg|devel|cont|WARN)(?:_ratelimited|_once|)|
273         WARN(?:_RATELIMIT|_ONCE|)|
274         panic|
275         MODULE_[A-Z_]+
276 )};
277
278 our $signature_tags = qr{(?xi:
279         Signed-off-by:|
280         Acked-by:|
281         Tested-by:|
282         Reviewed-by:|
283         Reported-by:|
284         To:|
285         Cc:
286 )};
287
288 our @typeList = (
289         qr{void},
290         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?char},
291         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?short},
292         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?int},
293         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long},
294         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+int},
295         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long},
296         qr{(?:unsigned\s+)?long\s+long\s+int},
297         qr{unsigned},
298         qr{float},
299         qr{double},
300         qr{bool},
301         qr{struct\s+$Ident},
302         qr{union\s+$Ident},
303         qr{enum\s+$Ident},
304         qr{${Ident}_t},
305         qr{${Ident}_handler},
306         qr{${Ident}_handler_fn},
307 );
308 our @modifierList = (
309         qr{fastcall},
310 );
311
312 our $allowed_asm_includes = qr{(?x:
313         irq|
314         memory
315 )};
316 # memory.h: ARM has a custom one
317
318 sub build_types {
319         my $mods = "(?x:  \n" . join("|\n  ", @modifierList) . "\n)";
320         my $all = "(?x:  \n" . join("|\n  ", @typeList) . "\n)";
321         $Modifier       = qr{(?:$Attribute|$Sparse|$mods)};
322         $NonptrType     = qr{
323                         (?:$Modifier\s+|const\s+)*
324                         (?:
325                                 (?:typeof|__typeof__)\s*\([^\)]*\)|
326                                 (?:$typeTypedefs\b)|
327                                 (?:${all}\b)
328                         )
329                         (?:\s+$Modifier|\s+const)*
330                   }x;
331         $Type   = qr{
332                         $NonptrType
333                         (?:(?:\s|\*|\[\])+\s*const|(?:\s|\*|\[\])+|(?:\s*\[\s*\])+)?
334                         (?:\s+$Inline|\s+$Modifier)*
335                   }x;
336         $Declare        = qr{(?:$Storage\s+)?$Type};
337 }
338 build_types();
339
340
341 our $Typecast   = qr{\s*(\(\s*$NonptrType\s*\)){0,1}\s*};
342
343 # Using $balanced_parens, $LvalOrFunc, or $FuncArg
344 # requires at least perl version v5.10.0
345 # Any use must be runtime checked with $^V
346
347 our $balanced_parens = qr/(\((?:[^\(\)]++|(?-1))*\))/;
348 our $LvalOrFunc = qr{($Lval)\s*($balanced_parens{0,1})\s*};
349 our $FuncArg = qr{$Typecast{0,1}($LvalOrFunc|$Constant)};
350
351 sub deparenthesize {
352         my ($string) = @_;
353         return "" if (!defined($string));
354         $string =~ s@^\s*\(\s*@@g;
355         $string =~ s@\s*\)\s*$@@g;
356         $string =~ s@\s+@ @g;
357         return $string;
358 }
359
360 $chk_signoff = 0 if ($file);
361
362 my @rawlines = ();
363 my @lines = ();
364 my $vname;
365 for my $filename (@ARGV) {
366         my $FILE;
367         if ($file) {
368                 open($FILE, '-|', "diff -u /dev/null $filename") ||
369                         die "$P: $filename: diff failed - $!\n";
370         } elsif ($filename eq '-') {
371                 open($FILE, '<&STDIN');
372         } else {
373                 open($FILE, '<', "$filename") ||
374                         die "$P: $filename: open failed - $!\n";
375         }
376         if ($filename eq '-') {
377                 $vname = 'Your patch';
378         } else {
379                 $vname = $filename;
380         }
381         while (<$FILE>) {
382                 chomp;
383                 push(@rawlines, $_);
384         }
385         close($FILE);
386         if (!process($filename)) {
387                 $exit = 1;
388         }
389         @rawlines = ();
390         @lines = ();
391 }
392
393 exit($exit);
394
395 sub top_of_kernel_tree {
396         my ($root) = @_;
397
398         my @tree_check = (
399                 "COPYING", "CREDITS", "Kbuild", "MAINTAINERS", "Makefile",
400                 "README", "Documentation", "arch", "include", "drivers",
401                 "fs", "init", "ipc", "kernel", "lib", "scripts",
402         );
403
404         foreach my $check (@tree_check) {
405                 if (! -e $root . '/' . $check) {
406                         return 0;
407                 }
408         }
409         return 1;
410 }
411
412 sub parse_email {
413         my ($formatted_email) = @_;
414
415         my $name = "";
416         my $address = "";
417         my $comment = "";
418
419         if ($formatted_email =~ /^(.*)<(\S+\@\S+)>(.*)$/) {
420                 $name = $1;
421                 $address = $2;
422                 $comment = $3 if defined $3;
423         } elsif ($formatted_email =~ /^\s*<(\S+\@\S+)>(.*)$/) {
424                 $address = $1;
425                 $comment = $2 if defined $2;
426         } elsif ($formatted_email =~ /(\S+\@\S+)(.*)$/) {
427                 $address = $1;
428                 $comment = $2 if defined $2;
429                 $formatted_email =~ s/$address.*$//;
430                 $name = $formatted_email;
431                 $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
432                 $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
433                 # If there's a name left after stripping spaces and
434                 # leading quotes, and the address doesn't have both
435                 # leading and trailing angle brackets, the address
436                 # is invalid. ie:
437                 #   "joe smith joe@smith.com" bad
438                 #   "joe smith <joe@smith.com" bad
439                 if ($name ne "" && $address !~ /^<[^>]+>$/) {
440                         $name = "";
441                         $address = "";
442                         $comment = "";
443                 }
444         }
445
446         $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
447         $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
448         $address =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
449         $address =~ s/^\<|\>$//g;
450
451         if ($name =~ /[^\w \-]/i) { ##has "must quote" chars
452                 $name =~ s/(?<!\\)"/\\"/g; ##escape quotes
453                 $name = "\"$name\"";
454         }
455
456         return ($name, $address, $comment);
457 }
458
459 sub format_email {
460         my ($name, $address) = @_;
461
462         my $formatted_email;
463
464         $name =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
465         $name =~ s/^\"|\"$//g;
466         $address =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
467
468         if ($name =~ /[^\w \-]/i) { ##has "must quote" chars
469                 $name =~ s/(?<!\\)"/\\"/g; ##escape quotes
470                 $name = "\"$name\"";
471         }
472
473         if ("$name" eq "") {
474                 $formatted_email = "$address";
475         } else {
476                 $formatted_email = "$name <$address>";
477         }
478
479         return $formatted_email;
480 }
481
482 sub which_conf {
483         my ($conf) = @_;
484
485         foreach my $path (split(/:/, ".:$ENV{HOME}:.scripts")) {
486                 if (-e "$path/$conf") {
487                         return "$path/$conf";
488                 }
489         }
490
491         return "";
492 }
493
494 sub expand_tabs {
495         my ($str) = @_;
496
497         my $res = '';
498         my $n = 0;
499         for my $c (split(//, $str)) {
500                 if ($c eq "\t") {
501                         $res .= ' ';
502                         $n++;
503                         for (; ($n % 8) != 0; $n++) {
504                                 $res .= ' ';
505                         }
506                         next;
507                 }
508                 $res .= $c;
509                 $n++;
510         }
511
512         return $res;
513 }
514 sub copy_spacing {
515         (my $res = shift) =~ tr/\t/ /c;
516         return $res;
517 }
518
519 sub line_stats {
520         my ($line) = @_;
521
522         # Drop the diff line leader and expand tabs
523         $line =~ s/^.//;
524         $line = expand_tabs($line);
525
526         # Pick the indent from the front of the line.
527         my ($white) = ($line =~ /^(\s*)/);
528
529         return (length($line), length($white));
530 }
531
532 my $sanitise_quote = '';
533
534 sub sanitise_line_reset {
535         my ($in_comment) = @_;
536
537         if ($in_comment) {
538                 $sanitise_quote = '*/';
539         } else {
540                 $sanitise_quote = '';
541         }
542 }
543 sub sanitise_line {
544         my ($line) = @_;
545
546         my $res = '';
547         my $l = '';
548
549         my $qlen = 0;
550         my $off = 0;
551         my $c;
552
553         # Always copy over the diff marker.
554         $res = substr($line, 0, 1);
555
556         for ($off = 1; $off < length($line); $off++) {
557                 $c = substr($line, $off, 1);
558
559                 # Comments we are wacking completly including the begin
560                 # and end, all to $;.
561                 if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '/*') {
562                         $sanitise_quote = '*/';
563
564                         substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
565                         $off++;
566                         next;
567                 }
568                 if ($sanitise_quote eq '*/' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '*/') {
569                         $sanitise_quote = '';
570                         substr($res, $off, 2, "$;$;");
571                         $off++;
572                         next;
573                 }
574                 if ($sanitise_quote eq '' && substr($line, $off, 2) eq '//') {
575                         $sanitise_quote = '//';
576
577                         substr($res, $off, 2, $sanitise_quote);
578                         $off++;
579                         next;
580                 }
581
582                 # A \ in a string means ignore the next character.
583                 if (($sanitise_quote eq "'" || $sanitise_quote eq '"') &&
584                     $c eq "\\") {
585                         substr($res, $off, 2, 'XX');
586                         $off++;
587                         next;
588                 }
589                 # Regular quotes.
590                 if ($c eq "'" || $c eq '"') {
591                         if ($sanitise_quote eq '') {
592                                 $sanitise_quote = $c;
593
594                                 substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
595                                 next;
596                         } elsif ($sanitise_quote eq $c) {
597                                 $sanitise_quote = '';
598                         }
599                 }
600
601                 #print "c<$c> SQ<$sanitise_quote>\n";
602                 if ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '*/' && $c ne "\t") {
603                         substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
604                 } elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote eq '//' && $c ne "\t") {
605                         substr($res, $off, 1, $;);
606                 } elsif ($off != 0 && $sanitise_quote && $c ne "\t") {
607                         substr($res, $off, 1, 'X');
608                 } else {
609                         substr($res, $off, 1, $c);
610                 }
611         }
612
613         if ($sanitise_quote eq '//') {
614                 $sanitise_quote = '';
615         }
616
617         # The pathname on a #include may be surrounded by '<' and '>'.
618         if ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*include\s+\<(.*)\>/) {
619                 my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
620                 $res =~ s@\<.*\>@<$clean>@;
621
622         # The whole of a #error is a string.
623         } elsif ($res =~ /^.\s*\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+(.*)\b/) {
624                 my $clean = 'X' x length($1);
625                 $res =~ s@(\#\s*(?:error|warning)\s+).*@$1$clean@;
626         }
627
628         return $res;
629 }
630
631 sub ctx_statement_block {
632         my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
633         my $line = $linenr - 1;
634         my $blk = '';
635         my $soff = $off;
636         my $coff = $off - 1;
637         my $coff_set = 0;
638
639         my $loff = 0;
640
641         my $type = '';
642         my $level = 0;
643         my @stack = ();
644         my $p;
645         my $c;
646         my $len = 0;
647
648         my $remainder;
649         while (1) {
650                 @stack = (['', 0]) if ($#stack == -1);
651
652                 #warn "CSB: blk<$blk> remain<$remain>\n";
653                 # If we are about to drop off the end, pull in more
654                 # context.
655                 if ($off >= $len) {
656                         for (; $remain > 0; $line++) {
657                                 last if (!defined $lines[$line]);
658                                 next if ($lines[$line] =~ /^-/);
659                                 $remain--;
660                                 $loff = $len;
661                                 $blk .= $lines[$line] . "\n";
662                                 $len = length($blk);
663                                 $line++;
664                                 last;
665                         }
666                         # Bail if there is no further context.
667                         #warn "CSB: blk<$blk> off<$off> len<$len>\n";
668                         if ($off >= $len) {
669                                 last;
670                         }
671                         if ($level == 0 && substr($blk, $off) =~ /^.\s*#\s*define/) {
672                                 $level++;
673                                 $type = '#';
674                         }
675                 }
676                 $p = $c;
677                 $c = substr($blk, $off, 1);
678                 $remainder = substr($blk, $off);
679
680                 #warn "CSB: c<$c> type<$type> level<$level> remainder<$remainder> coff_set<$coff_set>\n";
681
682                 # Handle nested #if/#else.
683                 if ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
684                         push(@stack, [ $type, $level ]);
685                 } elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
686                         ($type, $level) = @{$stack[$#stack - 1]};
687                 } elsif ($remainder =~ /^#\s*endif\b/) {
688                         ($type, $level) = @{pop(@stack)};
689                 }
690
691                 # Statement ends at the ';' or a close '}' at the
692                 # outermost level.
693                 if ($level == 0 && $c eq ';') {
694                         last;
695                 }
696
697                 # An else is really a conditional as long as its not else if
698                 if ($level == 0 && $coff_set == 0 &&
699                                 (!defined($p) || $p =~ /(?:\s|\}|\+)/) &&
700                                 $remainder =~ /^(else)(?:\s|{)/ &&
701                                 $remainder !~ /^else\s+if\b/) {
702                         $coff = $off + length($1) - 1;
703                         $coff_set = 1;
704                         #warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff> soff<$soff> 1<$1>\n";
705                         #warn "[" . substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1) . "]\n";
706                 }
707
708                 if (($type eq '' || $type eq '(') && $c eq '(') {
709                         $level++;
710                         $type = '(';
711                 }
712                 if ($type eq '(' && $c eq ')') {
713                         $level--;
714                         $type = ($level != 0)? '(' : '';
715
716                         if ($level == 0 && $coff < $soff) {
717                                 $coff = $off;
718                                 $coff_set = 1;
719                                 #warn "CSB: mark coff<$coff>\n";
720                         }
721                 }
722                 if (($type eq '' || $type eq '{') && $c eq '{') {
723                         $level++;
724                         $type = '{';
725                 }
726                 if ($type eq '{' && $c eq '}') {
727                         $level--;
728                         $type = ($level != 0)? '{' : '';
729
730                         if ($level == 0) {
731                                 if (substr($blk, $off + 1, 1) eq ';') {
732                                         $off++;
733                                 }
734                                 last;
735                         }
736                 }
737                 # Preprocessor commands end at the newline unless escaped.
738                 if ($type eq '#' && $c eq "\n" && $p ne "\\") {
739                         $level--;
740                         $type = '';
741                         $off++;
742                         last;
743                 }
744                 $off++;
745         }
746         # We are truly at the end, so shuffle to the next line.
747         if ($off == $len) {
748                 $loff = $len + 1;
749                 $line++;
750                 $remain--;
751         }
752
753         my $statement = substr($blk, $soff, $off - $soff + 1);
754         my $condition = substr($blk, $soff, $coff - $soff + 1);
755
756         #warn "STATEMENT<$statement>\n";
757         #warn "CONDITION<$condition>\n";
758
759         #print "coff<$coff> soff<$off> loff<$loff>\n";
760
761         return ($statement, $condition,
762                         $line, $remain + 1, $off - $loff + 1, $level);
763 }
764
765 sub statement_lines {
766         my ($stmt) = @_;
767
768         # Strip the diff line prefixes and rip blank lines at start and end.
769         $stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
770         $stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
771         $stmt =~ s/\s*$//;
772
773         my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
774
775         return $#stmt_lines + 2;
776 }
777
778 sub statement_rawlines {
779         my ($stmt) = @_;
780
781         my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
782
783         return $#stmt_lines + 2;
784 }
785
786 sub statement_block_size {
787         my ($stmt) = @_;
788
789         $stmt =~ s/(^|\n)./$1/g;
790         $stmt =~ s/^\s*{//;
791         $stmt =~ s/}\s*$//;
792         $stmt =~ s/^\s*//;
793         $stmt =~ s/\s*$//;
794
795         my @stmt_lines = ($stmt =~ /\n/g);
796         my @stmt_statements = ($stmt =~ /;/g);
797
798         my $stmt_lines = $#stmt_lines + 2;
799         my $stmt_statements = $#stmt_statements + 1;
800
801         if ($stmt_lines > $stmt_statements) {
802                 return $stmt_lines;
803         } else {
804                 return $stmt_statements;
805         }
806 }
807
808 sub ctx_statement_full {
809         my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
810         my ($statement, $condition, $level);
811
812         my (@chunks);
813
814         # Grab the first conditional/block pair.
815         ($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
816                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
817         #print "F: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
818         push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
819         if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^\s*(?:\n[+-])?\s*(?:if|else|do)\b/s)) {
820                 return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
821         }
822
823         # Pull in the following conditional/block pairs and see if they
824         # could continue the statement.
825         for (;;) {
826                 ($statement, $condition, $linenr, $remain, $off, $level) =
827                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $remain, $off);
828                 #print "C: c<$condition> s<$statement> remain<$remain>\n";
829                 last if (!($remain > 0 && $condition =~ /^(?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*(?:else|do)\b/s));
830                 #print "C: push\n";
831                 push(@chunks, [ $condition, $statement ]);
832         }
833
834         return ($level, $linenr, @chunks);
835 }
836
837 sub ctx_block_get {
838         my ($linenr, $remain, $outer, $open, $close, $off) = @_;
839         my $line;
840         my $start = $linenr - 1;
841         my $blk = '';
842         my @o;
843         my @c;
844         my @res = ();
845
846         my $level = 0;
847         my @stack = ($level);
848         for ($line = $start; $remain > 0; $line++) {
849                 next if ($rawlines[$line] =~ /^-/);
850                 $remain--;
851
852                 $blk .= $rawlines[$line];
853
854                 # Handle nested #if/#else.
855                 if ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:ifndef|ifdef|if)\s/) {
856                         push(@stack, $level);
857                 } elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*(?:else|elif)\b/) {
858                         $level = $stack[$#stack - 1];
859                 } elsif ($lines[$line] =~ /^.\s*#\s*endif\b/) {
860                         $level = pop(@stack);
861                 }
862
863                 foreach my $c (split(//, $lines[$line])) {
864                         ##print "C<$c>L<$level><$open$close>O<$off>\n";
865                         if ($off > 0) {
866                                 $off--;
867                                 next;
868                         }
869
870                         if ($c eq $close && $level > 0) {
871                                 $level--;
872                                 last if ($level == 0);
873                         } elsif ($c eq $open) {
874                                 $level++;
875                         }
876                 }
877
878                 if (!$outer || $level <= 1) {
879                         push(@res, $rawlines[$line]);
880                 }
881
882                 last if ($level == 0);
883         }
884
885         return ($level, @res);
886 }
887 sub ctx_block_outer {
888         my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
889
890         my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 1, '{', '}', 0);
891         return @r;
892 }
893 sub ctx_block {
894         my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
895
896         my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
897         return @r;
898 }
899 sub ctx_statement {
900         my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
901
902         my ($level, @r) = ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
903         return @r;
904 }
905 sub ctx_block_level {
906         my ($linenr, $remain) = @_;
907
908         return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '{', '}', 0);
909 }
910 sub ctx_statement_level {
911         my ($linenr, $remain, $off) = @_;
912
913         return ctx_block_get($linenr, $remain, 0, '(', ')', $off);
914 }
915
916 sub ctx_locate_comment {
917         my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
918
919         # Catch a comment on the end of the line itself.
920         my ($current_comment) = ($rawlines[$end_line - 1] =~ m@.*(/\*.*\*/)\s*(?:\\\s*)?$@);
921         return $current_comment if (defined $current_comment);
922
923         # Look through the context and try and figure out if there is a
924         # comment.
925         my $in_comment = 0;
926         $current_comment = '';
927         for (my $linenr = $first_line; $linenr < $end_line; $linenr++) {
928                 my $line = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
929                 #warn "           $line\n";
930                 if ($linenr == $first_line and $line =~ m@^.\s*\*@) {
931                         $in_comment = 1;
932                 }
933                 if ($line =~ m@/\*@) {
934                         $in_comment = 1;
935                 }
936                 if (!$in_comment && $current_comment ne '') {
937                         $current_comment = '';
938                 }
939                 $current_comment .= $line . "\n" if ($in_comment);
940                 if ($line =~ m@\*/@) {
941                         $in_comment = 0;
942                 }
943         }
944
945         chomp($current_comment);
946         return($current_comment);
947 }
948 sub ctx_has_comment {
949         my ($first_line, $end_line) = @_;
950         my $cmt = ctx_locate_comment($first_line, $end_line);
951
952         ##print "LINE: $rawlines[$end_line - 1 ]\n";
953         ##print "CMMT: $cmt\n";
954
955         return ($cmt ne '');
956 }
957
958 sub raw_line {
959         my ($linenr, $cnt) = @_;
960
961         my $offset = $linenr - 1;
962         $cnt++;
963
964         my $line;
965         while ($cnt) {
966                 $line = $rawlines[$offset++];
967                 next if (defined($line) && $line =~ /^-/);
968                 $cnt--;
969         }
970
971         return $line;
972 }
973
974 sub cat_vet {
975         my ($vet) = @_;
976         my ($res, $coded);
977
978         $res = '';
979         while ($vet =~ /([^[:cntrl:]]*)([[:cntrl:]]|$)/g) {
980                 $res .= $1;
981                 if ($2 ne '') {
982                         $coded = sprintf("^%c", unpack('C', $2) + 64);
983                         $res .= $coded;
984                 }
985         }
986         $res =~ s/$/\$/;
987
988         return $res;
989 }
990
991 my $av_preprocessor = 0;
992 my $av_pending;
993 my @av_paren_type;
994 my $av_pend_colon;
995
996 sub annotate_reset {
997         $av_preprocessor = 0;
998         $av_pending = '_';
999         @av_paren_type = ('E');
1000         $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1001 }
1002
1003 sub annotate_values {
1004         my ($stream, $type) = @_;
1005
1006         my $res;
1007         my $var = '_' x length($stream);
1008         my $cur = $stream;
1009
1010         print "$stream\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1011
1012         while (length($cur)) {
1013                 @av_paren_type = ('E') if ($#av_paren_type < 0);
1014                 print " <" . join('', @av_paren_type) .
1015                                 "> <$type> <$av_pending>" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1016                 if ($cur =~ /^(\s+)/o) {
1017                         print "WS($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1018                         if ($1 =~ /\n/ && $av_preprocessor) {
1019                                 $type = pop(@av_paren_type);
1020                                 $av_preprocessor = 0;
1021                         }
1022
1023                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\(\s*$Type\s*)\)/ && $av_pending eq '_') {
1024                         print "CAST($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1025                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1026                         $type = 'c';
1027
1028                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Type)\s*(?:$Ident|,|\)|\(|\s*$)/) {
1029                         print "DECLARE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1030                         $type = 'T';
1031
1032                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Modifier)\s*/) {
1033                         print "MODIFIER($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1034                         $type = 'T';
1035
1036                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*define\s*$Ident)(\(?)/o) {
1037                         print "DEFINE($1,$2)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1038                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1039                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1040                         if ($2 ne '') {
1041                                 $av_pending = 'N';
1042                         }
1043                         $type = 'E';
1044
1045                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:undef\s*$Ident|include\b))/o) {
1046                         print "UNDEF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1047                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1048                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1049
1050                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:ifdef|ifndef|if))/o) {
1051                         print "PRE_START($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1052                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1053
1054                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1055                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1056                         $type = 'E';
1057
1058                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:else|elif))/o) {
1059                         print "PRE_RESTART($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1060                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1061
1062                         push(@av_paren_type, $av_paren_type[$#av_paren_type]);
1063
1064                         $type = 'E';
1065
1066                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\#\s*(?:endif))/o) {
1067                         print "PRE_END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1068
1069                         $av_preprocessor = 1;
1070
1071                         # Assume all arms of the conditional end as this
1072                         # one does, and continue as if the #endif was not here.
1073                         pop(@av_paren_type);
1074                         push(@av_paren_type, $type);
1075                         $type = 'E';
1076
1077                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\\\n)/o) {
1078                         print "PRECONT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1079
1080                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(__attribute__)\s*\(?/o) {
1081                         print "ATTR($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1082                         $av_pending = $type;
1083                         $type = 'N';
1084
1085                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(sizeof)\s*(\()?/o) {
1086                         print "SIZEOF($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1087                         if (defined $2) {
1088                                 $av_pending = 'V';
1089                         }
1090                         $type = 'N';
1091
1092                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(if|while|for)\b/o) {
1093                         print "COND($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1094                         $av_pending = 'E';
1095                         $type = 'N';
1096
1097                 } elsif ($cur =~/^(case)/o) {
1098                         print "CASE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1099                         $av_pend_colon = 'C';
1100                         $type = 'N';
1101
1102                 } elsif ($cur =~/^(return|else|goto|typeof|__typeof__)\b/o) {
1103                         print "KEYWORD($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1104                         $type = 'N';
1105
1106                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\()/o) {
1107                         print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1108                         push(@av_paren_type, $av_pending);
1109                         $av_pending = '_';
1110                         $type = 'N';
1111
1112                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\))/o) {
1113                         my $new_type = pop(@av_paren_type);
1114                         if ($new_type ne '_') {
1115                                 $type = $new_type;
1116                                 print "PAREN('$1') -> $type\n"
1117                                                         if ($dbg_values > 1);
1118                         } else {
1119                                 print "PAREN('$1')\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1120                         }
1121
1122                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident)\s*\(/o) {
1123                         print "FUNC($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1124                         $type = 'V';
1125                         $av_pending = 'V';
1126
1127                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident\s*):(?:\s*\d+\s*(,|=|;))?/) {
1128                         if (defined $2 && $type eq 'C' || $type eq 'T') {
1129                                 $av_pend_colon = 'B';
1130                         } elsif ($type eq 'E') {
1131                                 $av_pend_colon = 'L';
1132                         }
1133                         print "IDENT_COLON($1,$type>$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1134                         $type = 'V';
1135
1136                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Ident|$Constant)/o) {
1137                         print "IDENT($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1138                         $type = 'V';
1139
1140                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Assignment)/o) {
1141                         print "ASSIGN($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1142                         $type = 'N';
1143
1144                 } elsif ($cur =~/^(;|{|})/) {
1145                         print "END($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1146                         $type = 'E';
1147                         $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1148
1149                 } elsif ($cur =~/^(,)/) {
1150                         print "COMMA($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1151                         $type = 'C';
1152
1153                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\?)/o) {
1154                         print "QUESTION($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1155                         $type = 'N';
1156
1157                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(:)/o) {
1158                         print "COLON($1,$av_pend_colon)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1159
1160                         substr($var, length($res), 1, $av_pend_colon);
1161                         if ($av_pend_colon eq 'C' || $av_pend_colon eq 'L') {
1162                                 $type = 'E';
1163                         } else {
1164                                 $type = 'N';
1165                         }
1166                         $av_pend_colon = 'O';
1167
1168                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(\[)/o) {
1169                         print "CLOSE($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1170                         $type = 'N';
1171
1172                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^(-(?![->])|\+(?!\+)|\*|\&\&|\&)/o) {
1173                         my $variant;
1174
1175                         print "OPV($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1176                         if ($type eq 'V') {
1177                                 $variant = 'B';
1178                         } else {
1179                                 $variant = 'U';
1180                         }
1181
1182                         substr($var, length($res), 1, $variant);
1183                         $type = 'N';
1184
1185                 } elsif ($cur =~ /^($Operators)/o) {
1186                         print "OP($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1187                         if ($1 ne '++' && $1 ne '--') {
1188                                 $type = 'N';
1189                         }
1190
1191                 } elsif ($cur =~ /(^.)/o) {
1192                         print "C($1)\n" if ($dbg_values > 1);
1193                 }
1194                 if (defined $1) {
1195                         $cur = substr($cur, length($1));
1196                         $res .= $type x length($1);
1197                 }
1198         }
1199
1200         return ($res, $var);
1201 }
1202
1203 sub possible {
1204         my ($possible, $line) = @_;
1205         my $notPermitted = qr{(?:
1206                 ^(?:
1207                         $Modifier|
1208                         $Storage|
1209                         $Type|
1210                         DEFINE_\S+
1211                 )$|
1212                 ^(?:
1213                         goto|
1214                         return|
1215                         case|
1216                         else|
1217                         asm|__asm__|
1218                         do|
1219                         \#|
1220                         \#\#|
1221                 )(?:\s|$)|
1222                 ^(?:typedef|struct|enum)\b
1223             )}x;
1224         warn "CHECK<$possible> ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 2);
1225         if ($possible !~ $notPermitted) {
1226                 # Check for modifiers.
1227                 $possible =~ s/\s*$Storage\s*//g;
1228                 $possible =~ s/\s*$Sparse\s*//g;
1229                 if ($possible =~ /^\s*$/) {
1230
1231                 } elsif ($possible =~ /\s/) {
1232                         $possible =~ s/\s*$Type\s*//g;
1233                         for my $modifier (split(' ', $possible)) {
1234                                 if ($modifier !~ $notPermitted) {
1235                                         warn "MODIFIER: $modifier ($possible) ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
1236                                         push(@modifierList, $modifier);
1237                                 }
1238                         }
1239
1240                 } else {
1241                         warn "POSSIBLE: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible);
1242                         push(@typeList, $possible);
1243                 }
1244                 build_types();
1245         } else {
1246                 warn "NOTPOSS: $possible ($line)\n" if ($dbg_possible > 1);
1247         }
1248 }
1249
1250 my $prefix = '';
1251
1252 sub show_type {
1253        return !defined $ignore_type{$_[0]};
1254 }
1255
1256 sub report {
1257         if (!show_type($_[1]) ||
1258             (defined $tst_only && $_[2] !~ /\Q$tst_only\E/)) {
1259                 return 0;
1260         }
1261         my $line;
1262         if ($show_types) {
1263                 $line = "$prefix$_[0]:$_[1]: $_[2]\n";
1264         } else {
1265                 $line = "$prefix$_[0]: $_[2]\n";
1266         }
1267         $line = (split('\n', $line))[0] . "\n" if ($terse);
1268
1269         push(our @report, $line);
1270
1271         return 1;
1272 }
1273 sub report_dump {
1274         our @report;
1275 }
1276
1277 sub ERROR {
1278         if (report("ERROR", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1279                 our $clean = 0;
1280                 our $cnt_error++;
1281         }
1282 }
1283 sub WARN {
1284         if (report("WARNING", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1285                 our $clean = 0;
1286                 our $cnt_warn++;
1287         }
1288 }
1289 sub CHK {
1290         if ($check && report("CHECK", $_[0], $_[1])) {
1291                 our $clean = 0;
1292                 our $cnt_chk++;
1293         }
1294 }
1295
1296 sub check_absolute_file {
1297         my ($absolute, $herecurr) = @_;
1298         my $file = $absolute;
1299
1300         ##print "absolute<$absolute>\n";
1301
1302         # See if any suffix of this path is a path within the tree.
1303         while ($file =~ s@^[^/]*/@@) {
1304                 if (-f "$root/$file") {
1305                         ##print "file<$file>\n";
1306                         last;
1307                 }
1308         }
1309         if (! -f _)  {
1310                 return 0;
1311         }
1312
1313         # It is, so see if the prefix is acceptable.
1314         my $prefix = $absolute;
1315         substr($prefix, -length($file)) = '';
1316
1317         ##print "prefix<$prefix>\n";
1318         if ($prefix ne ".../") {
1319                 WARN("USE_RELATIVE_PATH",
1320                      "use relative pathname instead of absolute in changelog text\n" . $herecurr);
1321         }
1322 }
1323
1324 sub pos_last_openparen {
1325         my ($line) = @_;
1326
1327         my $pos = 0;
1328
1329         my $opens = $line =~ tr/\(/\(/;
1330         my $closes = $line =~ tr/\)/\)/;
1331
1332         my $last_openparen = 0;
1333
1334         if (($opens == 0) || ($closes >= $opens)) {
1335                 return -1;
1336         }
1337
1338         my $len = length($line);
1339
1340         for ($pos = 0; $pos < $len; $pos++) {
1341                 my $string = substr($line, $pos);
1342                 if ($string =~ /^($FuncArg|$balanced_parens)/) {
1343                         $pos += length($1) - 1;
1344                 } elsif (substr($line, $pos, 1) eq '(') {
1345                         $last_openparen = $pos;
1346                 } elsif (index($string, '(') == -1) {
1347                         last;
1348                 }
1349         }
1350
1351         return $last_openparen + 1;
1352 }
1353
1354 sub process {
1355         my $filename = shift;
1356
1357         my $linenr=0;
1358         my $prevline="";
1359         my $prevrawline="";
1360         my $stashline="";
1361         my $stashrawline="";
1362
1363         my $length;
1364         my $indent;
1365         my $previndent=0;
1366         my $stashindent=0;
1367
1368         our $clean = 1;
1369         my $signoff = 0;
1370         my $is_patch = 0;
1371
1372         my $in_header_lines = 1;
1373         my $in_commit_log = 0;          #Scanning lines before patch
1374
1375         my $non_utf8_charset = 0;
1376
1377         our @report = ();
1378         our $cnt_lines = 0;
1379         our $cnt_error = 0;
1380         our $cnt_warn = 0;
1381         our $cnt_chk = 0;
1382
1383         # Trace the real file/line as we go.
1384         my $realfile = '';
1385         my $realline = 0;
1386         my $realcnt = 0;
1387         my $here = '';
1388         my $in_comment = 0;
1389         my $comment_edge = 0;
1390         my $first_line = 0;
1391         my $p1_prefix = '';
1392
1393         my $prev_values = 'E';
1394
1395         # suppression flags
1396         my %suppress_ifbraces;
1397         my %suppress_whiletrailers;
1398         my %suppress_export;
1399         my $suppress_statement = 0;
1400
1401         my %camelcase = ();
1402
1403         # Pre-scan the patch sanitizing the lines.
1404         # Pre-scan the patch looking for any __setup documentation.
1405         #
1406         my @setup_docs = ();
1407         my $setup_docs = 0;
1408
1409         sanitise_line_reset();
1410         my $line;
1411         foreach my $rawline (@rawlines) {
1412                 $linenr++;
1413                 $line = $rawline;
1414
1415                 if ($rawline=~/^\+\+\+\s+(\S+)/) {
1416                         $setup_docs = 0;
1417                         if ($1 =~ m@Documentation/kernel-parameters.txt$@) {
1418                                 $setup_docs = 1;
1419                         }
1420                         #next;
1421                 }
1422                 if ($rawline=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
1423                         $realline=$1-1;
1424                         if (defined $2) {
1425                                 $realcnt=$3+1;
1426                         } else {
1427                                 $realcnt=1+1;
1428                         }
1429                         $in_comment = 0;
1430
1431                         # Guestimate if this is a continuing comment.  Run
1432                         # the context looking for a comment "edge".  If this
1433                         # edge is a close comment then we must be in a comment
1434                         # at context start.
1435                         my $edge;
1436                         my $cnt = $realcnt;
1437                         for (my $ln = $linenr + 1; $cnt > 0; $ln++) {
1438                                 next if (defined $rawlines[$ln - 1] &&
1439                                          $rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ /^-/);
1440                                 $cnt--;
1441                                 #print "RAW<$rawlines[$ln - 1]>\n";
1442                                 last if (!defined $rawlines[$ln - 1]);
1443                                 if ($rawlines[$ln - 1] =~ m@(/\*|\*/)@ &&
1444                                     $rawlines[$ln - 1] !~ m@"[^"]*(?:/\*|\*/)[^"]*"@) {
1445                                         ($edge) = $1;
1446                                         last;
1447                                 }
1448                         }
1449                         if (defined $edge && $edge eq '*/') {
1450                                 $in_comment = 1;
1451                         }
1452
1453                         # Guestimate if this is a continuing comment.  If this
1454                         # is the start of a diff block and this line starts
1455                         # ' *' then it is very likely a comment.
1456                         if (!defined $edge &&
1457                             $rawlines[$linenr] =~ m@^.\s*(?:\*\*+| \*)(?:\s|$)@)
1458                         {
1459                                 $in_comment = 1;
1460                         }
1461
1462                         ##print "COMMENT:$in_comment edge<$edge> $rawline\n";
1463                         sanitise_line_reset($in_comment);
1464
1465                 } elsif ($realcnt && $rawline =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/) {
1466                         # Standardise the strings and chars within the input to
1467                         # simplify matching -- only bother with positive lines.
1468                         $line = sanitise_line($rawline);
1469                 }
1470                 push(@lines, $line);
1471
1472                 if ($realcnt > 1) {
1473                         $realcnt-- if ($line =~ /^(?:\+| |$)/);
1474                 } else {
1475                         $realcnt = 0;
1476                 }
1477
1478                 #print "==>$rawline\n";
1479                 #print "-->$line\n";
1480
1481                 if ($setup_docs && $line =~ /^\+/) {
1482                         push(@setup_docs, $line);
1483                 }
1484         }
1485
1486         $prefix = '';
1487
1488         $realcnt = 0;
1489         $linenr = 0;
1490         foreach my $line (@lines) {
1491                 $linenr++;
1492
1493                 my $rawline = $rawlines[$linenr - 1];
1494
1495 #extract the line range in the file after the patch is applied
1496                 if ($line=~/^\@\@ -\d+(?:,\d+)? \+(\d+)(,(\d+))? \@\@/) {
1497                         $is_patch = 1;
1498                         $first_line = $linenr + 1;
1499                         $realline=$1-1;
1500                         if (defined $2) {
1501                                 $realcnt=$3+1;
1502                         } else {
1503                                 $realcnt=1+1;
1504                         }
1505                         annotate_reset();
1506                         $prev_values = 'E';
1507
1508                         %suppress_ifbraces = ();
1509                         %suppress_whiletrailers = ();
1510                         %suppress_export = ();
1511                         $suppress_statement = 0;
1512                         next;
1513
1514 # track the line number as we move through the hunk, note that
1515 # new versions of GNU diff omit the leading space on completely
1516 # blank context lines so we need to count that too.
1517                 } elsif ($line =~ /^( |\+|$)/) {
1518                         $realline++;
1519                         $realcnt-- if ($realcnt != 0);
1520
1521                         # Measure the line length and indent.
1522                         ($length, $indent) = line_stats($rawline);
1523
1524                         # Track the previous line.
1525                         ($prevline, $stashline) = ($stashline, $line);
1526                         ($previndent, $stashindent) = ($stashindent, $indent);
1527                         ($prevrawline, $stashrawline) = ($stashrawline, $rawline);
1528
1529                         #warn "line<$line>\n";
1530
1531                 } elsif ($realcnt == 1) {
1532                         $realcnt--;
1533                 }
1534
1535                 my $hunk_line = ($realcnt != 0);
1536
1537 #make up the handle for any error we report on this line
1538                 $prefix = "$filename:$realline: " if ($emacs && $file);
1539                 $prefix = "$filename:$linenr: " if ($emacs && !$file);
1540
1541                 $here = "#$linenr: " if (!$file);
1542                 $here = "#$realline: " if ($file);
1543
1544                 # extract the filename as it passes
1545                 if ($line =~ /^diff --git.*?(\S+)$/) {
1546                         $realfile = $1;
1547                         $realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@;
1548                         $in_commit_log = 0;
1549                 } elsif ($line =~ /^\+\+\+\s+(\S+)/) {
1550                         $realfile = $1;
1551                         $realfile =~ s@^([^/]*)/@@;
1552                         $in_commit_log = 0;
1553
1554                         $p1_prefix = $1;
1555                         if (!$file && $tree && $p1_prefix ne '' &&
1556                             -e "$root/$p1_prefix") {
1557                                 WARN("PATCH_PREFIX",
1558                                      "patch prefix '$p1_prefix' exists, appears to be a -p0 patch\n");
1559                         }
1560
1561                         if ($realfile =~ m@^include/asm/@) {
1562                                 ERROR("MODIFIED_INCLUDE_ASM",
1563                                       "do not modify files in include/asm, change architecture specific files in include/asm-<architecture>\n" . "$here$rawline\n");
1564                         }
1565                         next;
1566                 }
1567
1568                 $here .= "FILE: $realfile:$realline:" if ($realcnt != 0);
1569
1570                 my $hereline = "$here\n$rawline\n";
1571                 my $herecurr = "$here\n$rawline\n";
1572                 my $hereprev = "$here\n$prevrawline\n$rawline\n";
1573
1574                 $cnt_lines++ if ($realcnt != 0);
1575
1576 # Check for incorrect file permissions
1577                 if ($line =~ /^new (file )?mode.*[7531]\d{0,2}$/) {
1578                         my $permhere = $here . "FILE: $realfile\n";
1579                         if ($realfile =~ /(Makefile|Kconfig|\.c|\.h|\.S|\.tmpl)$/) {
1580                                 ERROR("EXECUTE_PERMISSIONS",
1581                                       "do not set execute permissions for source files\n" . $permhere);
1582                         }
1583                 }
1584
1585 # Check the patch for a signoff:
1586                 if ($line =~ /^\s*signed-off-by:/i) {
1587                         $signoff++;
1588                         $in_commit_log = 0;
1589                 }
1590
1591 # Check signature styles
1592                 if (!$in_header_lines &&
1593                     $line =~ /^(\s*)([a-z0-9_-]+by:|$signature_tags)(\s*)(.*)/i) {
1594                         my $space_before = $1;
1595                         my $sign_off = $2;
1596                         my $space_after = $3;
1597                         my $email = $4;
1598                         my $ucfirst_sign_off = ucfirst(lc($sign_off));
1599
1600                         if ($sign_off !~ /$signature_tags/) {
1601                                 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1602                                      "Non-standard signature: $sign_off\n" . $herecurr);
1603                         }
1604                         if (defined $space_before && $space_before ne "") {
1605                                 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1606                                      "Do not use whitespace before $ucfirst_sign_off\n" . $herecurr);
1607                         }
1608                         if ($sign_off =~ /-by:$/i && $sign_off ne $ucfirst_sign_off) {
1609                                 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1610                                      "'$ucfirst_sign_off' is the preferred signature form\n" . $herecurr);
1611                         }
1612                         if (!defined $space_after || $space_after ne " ") {
1613                                 WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1614                                      "Use a single space after $ucfirst_sign_off\n" . $herecurr);
1615                         }
1616
1617                         my ($email_name, $email_address, $comment) = parse_email($email);
1618                         my $suggested_email = format_email(($email_name, $email_address));
1619                         if ($suggested_email eq "") {
1620                                 ERROR("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1621                                       "Unrecognized email address: '$email'\n" . $herecurr);
1622                         } else {
1623                                 my $dequoted = $suggested_email;
1624                                 $dequoted =~ s/^"//;
1625                                 $dequoted =~ s/" </ </;
1626                                 # Don't force email to have quotes
1627                                 # Allow just an angle bracketed address
1628                                 if ("$dequoted$comment" ne $email &&
1629                                     "<$email_address>$comment" ne $email &&
1630                                     "$suggested_email$comment" ne $email) {
1631                                         WARN("BAD_SIGN_OFF",
1632                                              "email address '$email' might be better as '$suggested_email$comment'\n" . $herecurr);
1633                                 }
1634                         }
1635                 }
1636
1637 # Check for wrappage within a valid hunk of the file
1638                 if ($realcnt != 0 && $line !~ m{^(?:\+|-| |\\ No newline|$)}) {
1639                         ERROR("CORRUPTED_PATCH",
1640                               "patch seems to be corrupt (line wrapped?)\n" .
1641                                 $herecurr) if (!$emitted_corrupt++);
1642                 }
1643
1644 # Check for absolute kernel paths.
1645                 if ($tree) {
1646                         while ($line =~ m{(?:^|\s)(/\S*)}g) {
1647                                 my $file = $1;
1648
1649                                 if ($file =~ m{^(.*?)(?::\d+)+:?$} &&
1650                                     check_absolute_file($1, $herecurr)) {
1651                                         #
1652                                 } else {
1653                                         check_absolute_file($file, $herecurr);
1654                                 }
1655                         }
1656                 }
1657
1658 # UTF-8 regex found at http://www.w3.org/International/questions/qa-forms-utf-8.en.php
1659                 if (($realfile =~ /^$/ || $line =~ /^\+/) &&
1660                     $rawline !~ m/^$UTF8*$/) {
1661                         my ($utf8_prefix) = ($rawline =~ /^($UTF8*)/);
1662
1663                         my $blank = copy_spacing($rawline);
1664                         my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, length($utf8_prefix)) . "^";
1665                         my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";
1666
1667                         CHK("INVALID_UTF8",
1668                             "Invalid UTF-8, patch and commit message should be encoded in UTF-8\n" . $hereptr);
1669                 }
1670
1671 # Check if it's the start of a commit log
1672 # (not a header line and we haven't seen the patch filename)
1673                 if ($in_header_lines && $realfile =~ /^$/ &&
1674                     $rawline !~ /^(commit\b|from\b|[\w-]+:).+$/i) {
1675                         $in_header_lines = 0;
1676                         $in_commit_log = 1;
1677                 }
1678
1679 # Check if there is UTF-8 in a commit log when a mail header has explicitly
1680 # declined it, i.e defined some charset where it is missing.
1681                 if ($in_header_lines &&
1682                     $rawline =~ /^Content-Type:.+charset="(.+)".*$/ &&
1683                     $1 !~ /utf-8/i) {
1684                         $non_utf8_charset = 1;
1685                 }
1686
1687                 if ($in_commit_log && $non_utf8_charset && $realfile =~ /^$/ &&
1688                     $rawline =~ /$NON_ASCII_UTF8/) {
1689                         WARN("UTF8_BEFORE_PATCH",
1690                             "8-bit UTF-8 used in possible commit log\n" . $herecurr);
1691                 }
1692
1693 # ignore non-hunk lines and lines being removed
1694                 next if (!$hunk_line || $line =~ /^-/);
1695
1696 #trailing whitespace
1697                 if ($line =~ /^\+.*\015/) {
1698                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1699                         ERROR("DOS_LINE_ENDINGS",
1700                               "DOS line endings\n" . $herevet);
1701
1702                 } elsif ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\S\s+$/ || $rawline =~ /^\+\s+$/) {
1703                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1704                         ERROR("TRAILING_WHITESPACE",
1705                               "trailing whitespace\n" . $herevet);
1706                         $rpt_cleaners = 1;
1707                 }
1708
1709 # check for Kconfig help text having a real description
1710 # Only applies when adding the entry originally, after that we do not have
1711 # sufficient context to determine whether it is indeed long enough.
1712                 if ($realfile =~ /Kconfig/ &&
1713                     $line =~ /.\s*config\s+/) {
1714                         my $length = 0;
1715                         my $cnt = $realcnt;
1716                         my $ln = $linenr + 1;
1717                         my $f;
1718                         my $is_start = 0;
1719                         my $is_end = 0;
1720                         for (; $cnt > 0 && defined $lines[$ln - 1]; $ln++) {
1721                                 $f = $lines[$ln - 1];
1722                                 $cnt-- if ($lines[$ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
1723                                 $is_end = $lines[$ln - 1] =~ /^\+/;
1724
1725                                 next if ($f =~ /^-/);
1726
1727                                 if ($lines[$ln - 1] =~ /.\s*(?:bool|tristate)\s*\"/) {
1728                                         $is_start = 1;
1729                                 } elsif ($lines[$ln - 1] =~ /.\s*(?:---)?help(?:---)?$/) {
1730                                         $length = -1;
1731                                 }
1732
1733                                 $f =~ s/^.//;
1734                                 $f =~ s/#.*//;
1735                                 $f =~ s/^\s+//;
1736                                 next if ($f =~ /^$/);
1737                                 if ($f =~ /^\s*config\s/) {
1738                                         $is_end = 1;
1739                                         last;
1740                                 }
1741                                 $length++;
1742                         }
1743                         WARN("CONFIG_DESCRIPTION",
1744                              "please write a paragraph that describes the config symbol fully\n" . $herecurr) if ($is_start && $is_end && $length < 4);
1745                         #print "is_start<$is_start> is_end<$is_end> length<$length>\n";
1746                 }
1747
1748 # discourage the addition of CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL in Kconfig.
1749                 if ($realfile =~ /Kconfig/ &&
1750                     $line =~ /.\s*depends on\s+.*\bEXPERIMENTAL\b/) {
1751                         WARN("CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL",
1752                              "Use of CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL is deprecated. For alternatives, see https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/23/580\n");
1753                 }
1754
1755                 if (($realfile =~ /Makefile.*/ || $realfile =~ /Kbuild.*/) &&
1756                     ($line =~ /\+(EXTRA_[A-Z]+FLAGS).*/)) {
1757                         my $flag = $1;
1758                         my $replacement = {
1759                                 'EXTRA_AFLAGS' =>   'asflags-y',
1760                                 'EXTRA_CFLAGS' =>   'ccflags-y',
1761                                 'EXTRA_CPPFLAGS' => 'cppflags-y',
1762                                 'EXTRA_LDFLAGS' =>  'ldflags-y',
1763                         };
1764
1765                         WARN("DEPRECATED_VARIABLE",
1766                              "Use of $flag is deprecated, please use \`$replacement->{$flag} instead.\n" . $herecurr) if ($replacement->{$flag});
1767                 }
1768
1769 # check we are in a valid source file if not then ignore this hunk
1770                 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|s|S|pl|sh)$/);
1771
1772 #line length limit
1773                 if ($line =~ /^\+/ && $prevrawline !~ /\/\*\*/ &&
1774                     $rawline !~ /^.\s*\*\s*\@$Ident\s/ &&
1775                     !($line =~ /^\+\s*$logFunctions\s*\(\s*(?:(KERN_\S+\s*|[^"]*))?"[X\t]*"\s*(?:|,|\)\s*;)\s*$/ ||
1776                     $line =~ /^\+\s*"[^"]*"\s*(?:\s*|,|\)\s*;)\s*$/) &&
1777                     $length > $max_line_length)
1778                 {
1779                         WARN("LONG_LINE",
1780                              "line over $max_line_length characters\n" . $herecurr);
1781                 }
1782
1783 # Check for user-visible strings broken across lines, which breaks the ability
1784 # to grep for the string.  Limited to strings used as parameters (those
1785 # following an open parenthesis), which almost completely eliminates false
1786 # positives, as well as warning only once per parameter rather than once per
1787 # line of the string.  Make an exception when the previous string ends in a
1788 # newline (multiple lines in one string constant) or \n\t (common in inline
1789 # assembly to indent the instruction on the following line).
1790                 if ($line =~ /^\+\s*"/ &&
1791                     $prevline =~ /"\s*$/ &&
1792                     $prevline =~ /\(/ &&
1793                     $prevrawline !~ /\\n(?:\\t)*"\s*$/) {
1794                         WARN("SPLIT_STRING",
1795                              "quoted string split across lines\n" . $hereprev);
1796                 }
1797
1798 # check for spaces before a quoted newline
1799                 if ($rawline =~ /^.*\".*\s\\n/) {
1800                         WARN("QUOTED_WHITESPACE_BEFORE_NEWLINE",
1801                              "unnecessary whitespace before a quoted newline\n" . $herecurr);
1802                 }
1803
1804 # check for adding lines without a newline.
1805                 if ($line =~ /^\+/ && defined $lines[$linenr] && $lines[$linenr] =~ /^\\ No newline at end of file/) {
1806                         WARN("MISSING_EOF_NEWLINE",
1807                              "adding a line without newline at end of file\n" . $herecurr);
1808                 }
1809
1810 # Blackfin: use hi/lo macros
1811                 if ($realfile =~ m@arch/blackfin/.*\.S$@) {
1812                         if ($line =~ /\.[lL][[:space:]]*=.*&[[:space:]]*0x[fF][fF][fF][fF]/) {
1813                                 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1814                                 ERROR("LO_MACRO",
1815                                       "use the LO() macro, not (... & 0xFFFF)\n" . $herevet);
1816                         }
1817                         if ($line =~ /\.[hH][[:space:]]*=.*>>[[:space:]]*16/) {
1818                                 my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1819                                 ERROR("HI_MACRO",
1820                                       "use the HI() macro, not (... >> 16)\n" . $herevet);
1821                         }
1822                 }
1823
1824 # check we are in a valid source file C or perl if not then ignore this hunk
1825                 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c|pl)$/);
1826
1827 # at the beginning of a line any tabs must come first and anything
1828 # more than 8 must use tabs.
1829                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+\s* \t\s*\S/ ||
1830                     $rawline =~ /^\+\s*        \s*/) {
1831                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1832                         ERROR("CODE_INDENT",
1833                               "code indent should use tabs where possible\n" . $herevet);
1834                         $rpt_cleaners = 1;
1835                 }
1836
1837 # check for space before tabs.
1838                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+/ && $rawline =~ / \t/) {
1839                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1840                         WARN("SPACE_BEFORE_TAB",
1841                              "please, no space before tabs\n" . $herevet);
1842                 }
1843
1844 # check for && or || at the start of a line
1845                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+\s*(&&|\|\|)/) {
1846                         CHK("LOGICAL_CONTINUATIONS",
1847                             "Logical continuations should be on the previous line\n" . $hereprev);
1848                 }
1849
1850 # check multi-line statement indentation matches previous line
1851                 if ($^V && $^V ge 5.10.0 &&
1852                     $prevline =~ /^\+(\t*)(if \(|$Ident\().*(\&\&|\|\||,)\s*$/) {
1853                         $prevline =~ /^\+(\t*)(.*)$/;
1854                         my $oldindent = $1;
1855                         my $rest = $2;
1856
1857                         my $pos = pos_last_openparen($rest);
1858                         if ($pos >= 0) {
1859                                 $line =~ /^(\+| )([ \t]*)/;
1860                                 my $newindent = $2;
1861
1862                                 my $goodtabindent = $oldindent .
1863                                         "\t" x ($pos / 8) .
1864                                         " "  x ($pos % 8);
1865                                 my $goodspaceindent = $oldindent . " "  x $pos;
1866
1867                                 if ($newindent ne $goodtabindent &&
1868                                     $newindent ne $goodspaceindent) {
1869                                         CHK("PARENTHESIS_ALIGNMENT",
1870                                             "Alignment should match open parenthesis\n" . $hereprev);
1871                                 }
1872                         }
1873                 }
1874
1875                 if ($line =~ /^\+.*\*[ \t]*\)[ \t]+/) {
1876                         CHK("SPACING",
1877                             "No space is necessary after a cast\n" . $hereprev);
1878                 }
1879
1880                 if ($realfile =~ m@^(drivers/net/|net/)@ &&
1881                     $rawline =~ /^\+[ \t]*\/\*[ \t]*$/ &&
1882                     $prevrawline =~ /^\+[ \t]*$/) {
1883                         WARN("NETWORKING_BLOCK_COMMENT_STYLE",
1884                              "networking block comments don't use an empty /* line, use /* Comment...\n" . $hereprev);
1885                 }
1886
1887                 if ($realfile =~ m@^(drivers/net/|net/)@ &&
1888                     $rawline !~ m@^\+[ \t]*\*/[ \t]*$@ &&       #trailing */
1889                     $rawline !~ m@^\+.*/\*.*\*/[ \t]*$@ &&      #inline /*...*/
1890                     $rawline !~ m@^\+.*\*{2,}/[ \t]*$@ &&       #trailing **/
1891                     $rawline =~ m@^\+[ \t]*.+\*\/[ \t]*$@) {    #non blank */
1892                         WARN("NETWORKING_BLOCK_COMMENT_STYLE",
1893                              "networking block comments put the trailing */ on a separate line\n" . $herecurr);
1894                 }
1895
1896 # check for spaces at the beginning of a line.
1897 # Exceptions:
1898 #  1) within comments
1899 #  2) indented preprocessor commands
1900 #  3) hanging labels
1901                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+ / && $line !~ /\+ *(?:$;|#|$Ident:)/)  {
1902                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($rawline) . "\n";
1903                         WARN("LEADING_SPACE",
1904                              "please, no spaces at the start of a line\n" . $herevet);
1905                 }
1906
1907 # check we are in a valid C source file if not then ignore this hunk
1908                 next if ($realfile !~ /\.(h|c)$/);
1909
1910 # discourage the addition of CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL in #if(def).
1911                 if ($line =~ /^\+\s*\#\s*if.*\bCONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL\b/) {
1912                         WARN("CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL",
1913                              "Use of CONFIG_EXPERIMENTAL is deprecated. For alternatives, see https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/23/580\n");
1914                 }
1915
1916 # check for RCS/CVS revision markers
1917                 if ($rawline =~ /^\+.*\$(Revision|Log|Id)(?:\$|)/) {
1918                         WARN("CVS_KEYWORD",
1919                              "CVS style keyword markers, these will _not_ be updated\n". $herecurr);
1920                 }
1921
1922 # Blackfin: don't use __builtin_bfin_[cs]sync
1923                 if ($line =~ /__builtin_bfin_csync/) {
1924                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1925                         ERROR("CSYNC",
1926                               "use the CSYNC() macro in asm/blackfin.h\n" . $herevet);
1927                 }
1928                 if ($line =~ /__builtin_bfin_ssync/) {
1929                         my $herevet = "$here\n" . cat_vet($line) . "\n";
1930                         ERROR("SSYNC",
1931                               "use the SSYNC() macro in asm/blackfin.h\n" . $herevet);
1932                 }
1933
1934 # Check for potential 'bare' types
1935                 my ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next,
1936                     $realline_next);
1937 #print "LINE<$line>\n";
1938                 if ($linenr >= $suppress_statement &&
1939                     $realcnt && $line =~ /.\s*\S/) {
1940                         ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next) =
1941                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
1942                         $stat =~ s/\n./\n /g;
1943                         $cond =~ s/\n./\n /g;
1944
1945 #print "linenr<$linenr> <$stat>\n";
1946                         # If this statement has no statement boundaries within
1947                         # it there is no point in retrying a statement scan
1948                         # until we hit end of it.
1949                         my $frag = $stat; $frag =~ s/;+\s*$//;
1950                         if ($frag !~ /(?:{|;)/) {
1951 #print "skip<$line_nr_next>\n";
1952                                 $suppress_statement = $line_nr_next;
1953                         }
1954
1955                         # Find the real next line.
1956                         $realline_next = $line_nr_next;
1957                         if (defined $realline_next &&
1958                             (!defined $lines[$realline_next - 1] ||
1959                              substr($lines[$realline_next - 1], $off_next) =~ /^\s*$/)) {
1960                                 $realline_next++;
1961                         }
1962
1963                         my $s = $stat;
1964                         $s =~ s/{.*$//s;
1965
1966                         # Ignore goto labels.
1967                         if ($s =~ /$Ident:\*$/s) {
1968
1969                         # Ignore functions being called
1970                         } elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*$Ident\s*\(/s) {
1971
1972                         } elsif ($s =~ /^.\s*else\b/s) {
1973
1974                         # declarations always start with types
1975                         } elsif ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^.\s*(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?((?:\s*$Ident)+?)\b(?:\s+$Sparse)?\s*\**\s*(?:$Ident|\(\*[^\)]*\))(?:\s*$Modifier)?\s*(?:;|=|,|\()/s) {
1976                                 my $type = $1;
1977                                 $type =~ s/\s+/ /g;
1978                                 possible($type, "A:" . $s);
1979
1980                         # definitions in global scope can only start with types
1981                         } elsif ($s =~ /^.(?:$Storage\s+)?(?:$Inline\s+)?(?:const\s+)?($Ident)\b\s*(?!:)/s) {
1982                                 possible($1, "B:" . $s);
1983                         }
1984
1985                         # any (foo ... *) is a pointer cast, and foo is a type
1986                         while ($s =~ /\(($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*[\s\*]+\s*\)/sg) {
1987                                 possible($1, "C:" . $s);
1988                         }
1989
1990                         # Check for any sort of function declaration.
1991                         # int foo(something bar, other baz);
1992                         # void (*store_gdt)(x86_descr_ptr *);
1993                         if ($prev_values eq 'E' && $s =~ /^(.(?:typedef\s*)?(?:(?:$Storage|$Inline)\s*)*\s*$Type\s*(?:\b$Ident|\(\*\s*$Ident\))\s*)\(/s) {
1994                                 my ($name_len) = length($1);
1995
1996                                 my $ctx = $s;
1997                                 substr($ctx, 0, $name_len + 1, '');
1998                                 $ctx =~ s/\)[^\)]*$//;
1999
2000                                 for my $arg (split(/\s*,\s*/, $ctx)) {
2001                                         if ($arg =~ /^(?:const\s+)?($Ident)(?:\s+$Sparse)*\s*\**\s*(:?\b$Ident)?$/s || $arg =~ /^($Ident)$/s) {
2002
2003                                                 possible($1, "D:" . $s);
2004                                         }
2005                                 }
2006                         }
2007
2008                 }
2009
2010 #
2011 # Checks which may be anchored in the context.
2012 #
2013
2014 # Check for switch () and associated case and default
2015 # statements should be at the same indent.
2016                 if ($line=~/\bswitch\s*\(.*\)/) {
2017                         my $err = '';
2018                         my $sep = '';
2019                         my @ctx = ctx_block_outer($linenr, $realcnt);
2020                         shift(@ctx);
2021                         for my $ctx (@ctx) {
2022                                 my ($clen, $cindent) = line_stats($ctx);
2023                                 if ($ctx =~ /^\+\s*(case\s+|default:)/ &&
2024                                                         $indent != $cindent) {
2025                                         $err .= "$sep$ctx\n";
2026                                         $sep = '';
2027                                 } else {
2028                                         $sep = "[...]\n";
2029                                 }
2030                         }
2031                         if ($err ne '') {
2032                                 ERROR("SWITCH_CASE_INDENT_LEVEL",
2033                                       "switch and case should be at the same indent\n$hereline$err");
2034                         }
2035                 }
2036
2037 # if/while/etc brace do not go on next line, unless defining a do while loop,
2038 # or if that brace on the next line is for something else
2039                 if ($line =~ /(.*)\b((?:if|while|for|switch)\s*\(|do\b|else\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\#/) {
2040                         my $pre_ctx = "$1$2";
2041
2042                         my ($level, @ctx) = ctx_statement_level($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
2043
2044                         if ($line =~ /^\+\t{6,}/) {
2045                                 WARN("DEEP_INDENTATION",
2046                                      "Too many leading tabs - consider code refactoring\n" . $herecurr);
2047                         }
2048
2049                         my $ctx_cnt = $realcnt - $#ctx - 1;
2050                         my $ctx = join("\n", @ctx);
2051
2052                         my $ctx_ln = $linenr;
2053                         my $ctx_skip = $realcnt;
2054
2055                         while ($ctx_skip > $ctx_cnt || ($ctx_skip == $ctx_cnt &&
2056                                         defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] &&
2057                                         $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^-/)) {
2058                                 ##print "SKIP<$ctx_skip> CNT<$ctx_cnt>\n";
2059                                 $ctx_skip-- if (!defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] || $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] !~ /^-/);
2060                                 $ctx_ln++;
2061                         }
2062
2063                         #print "realcnt<$realcnt> ctx_cnt<$ctx_cnt>\n";
2064                         #print "pre<$pre_ctx>\nline<$line>\nctx<$ctx>\nnext<$lines[$ctx_ln - 1]>\n";
2065
2066                         if ($ctx !~ /{\s*/ && defined($lines[$ctx_ln -1]) && $lines[$ctx_ln - 1] =~ /^\+\s*{/) {
2067                                 ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2068                                       "that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" .
2069                                         "$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
2070                         }
2071                         if ($level == 0 && $pre_ctx !~ /}\s*while\s*\($/ &&
2072                             $ctx =~ /\)\s*\;\s*$/ &&
2073                             defined $lines[$ctx_ln - 1])
2074                         {
2075                                 my ($nlength, $nindent) = line_stats($lines[$ctx_ln - 1]);
2076                                 if ($nindent > $indent) {
2077                                         WARN("TRAILING_SEMICOLON",
2078                                              "trailing semicolon indicates no statements, indent implies otherwise\n" .
2079                                                 "$here\n$ctx\n$rawlines[$ctx_ln - 1]\n");
2080                                 }
2081                         }
2082                 }
2083
2084 # Check relative indent for conditionals and blocks.
2085                 if ($line =~ /\b(?:(?:if|while|for)\s*\(|do\b)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/ && $line !~ /\}\s*while\s*/) {
2086                         ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next) =
2087                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0)
2088                                         if (!defined $stat);
2089                         my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
2090
2091                         substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2092
2093                         # Make sure we remove the line prefixes as we have
2094                         # none on the first line, and are going to readd them
2095                         # where necessary.
2096                         $s =~ s/\n./\n/gs;
2097
2098                         # Find out how long the conditional actually is.
2099                         my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
2100                         my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
2101
2102                         # We want to check the first line inside the block
2103                         # starting at the end of the conditional, so remove:
2104                         #  1) any blank line termination
2105                         #  2) any opening brace { on end of the line
2106                         #  3) any do (...) {
2107                         my $continuation = 0;
2108                         my $check = 0;
2109                         $s =~ s/^.*\bdo\b//;
2110                         $s =~ s/^\s*{//;
2111                         if ($s =~ s/^\s*\\//) {
2112                                 $continuation = 1;
2113                         }
2114                         if ($s =~ s/^\s*?\n//) {
2115                                 $check = 1;
2116                                 $cond_lines++;
2117                         }
2118
2119                         # Also ignore a loop construct at the end of a
2120                         # preprocessor statement.
2121                         if (($prevline =~ /^.\s*#\s*define\s/ ||
2122                             $prevline =~ /\\\s*$/) && $continuation == 0) {
2123                                 $check = 0;
2124                         }
2125
2126                         my $cond_ptr = -1;
2127                         $continuation = 0;
2128                         while ($cond_ptr != $cond_lines) {
2129                                 $cond_ptr = $cond_lines;
2130
2131                                 # If we see an #else/#elif then the code
2132                                 # is not linear.
2133                                 if ($s =~ /^\s*\#\s*(?:else|elif)/) {
2134                                         $check = 0;
2135                                 }
2136
2137                                 # Ignore:
2138                                 #  1) blank lines, they should be at 0,
2139                                 #  2) preprocessor lines, and
2140                                 #  3) labels.
2141                                 if ($continuation ||
2142                                     $s =~ /^\s*?\n/ ||
2143                                     $s =~ /^\s*#\s*?/ ||
2144                                     $s =~ /^\s*$Ident\s*:/) {
2145                                         $continuation = ($s =~ /^.*?\\\n/) ? 1 : 0;
2146                                         if ($s =~ s/^.*?\n//) {
2147                                                 $cond_lines++;
2148                                         }
2149                                 }
2150                         }
2151
2152                         my (undef, $sindent) = line_stats("+" . $s);
2153                         my $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines);
2154
2155                         # Check if either of these lines are modified, else
2156                         # this is not this patch's fault.
2157                         if (!defined($stat_real) ||
2158                             $stat !~ /^\+/ && $stat_real !~ /^\+/) {
2159                                 $check = 0;
2160                         }
2161                         if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
2162                                 $stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
2163                         }
2164
2165                         #print "line<$line> prevline<$prevline> indent<$indent> sindent<$sindent> check<$check> continuation<$continuation> s<$s> cond_lines<$cond_lines> stat_real<$stat_real> stat<$stat>\n";
2166
2167                         if ($check && (($sindent % 8) != 0 ||
2168                             ($sindent <= $indent && $s ne ''))) {
2169                                 WARN("SUSPECT_CODE_INDENT",
2170                                      "suspect code indent for conditional statements ($indent, $sindent)\n" . $herecurr . "$stat_real\n");
2171                         }
2172                 }
2173
2174                 # Track the 'values' across context and added lines.
2175                 my $opline = $line; $opline =~ s/^./ /;
2176                 my ($curr_values, $curr_vars) =
2177                                 annotate_values($opline . "\n", $prev_values);
2178                 $curr_values = $prev_values . $curr_values;
2179                 if ($dbg_values) {
2180                         my $outline = $opline; $outline =~ s/\t/ /g;
2181                         print "$linenr > .$outline\n";
2182                         print "$linenr > $curr_values\n";
2183                         print "$linenr >  $curr_vars\n";
2184                 }
2185                 $prev_values = substr($curr_values, -1);
2186
2187 #ignore lines not being added
2188                 if ($line=~/^[^\+]/) {next;}
2189
2190 # TEST: allow direct testing of the type matcher.
2191                 if ($dbg_type) {
2192                         if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Declare\s*$/) {
2193                                 ERROR("TEST_TYPE",
2194                                       "TEST: is type\n" . $herecurr);
2195                         } elsif ($dbg_type > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Declare)/) {
2196                                 ERROR("TEST_NOT_TYPE",
2197                                       "TEST: is not type ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
2198                         }
2199                         next;
2200                 }
2201 # TEST: allow direct testing of the attribute matcher.
2202                 if ($dbg_attr) {
2203                         if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Modifier\s*$/) {
2204                                 ERROR("TEST_ATTR",
2205                                       "TEST: is attr\n" . $herecurr);
2206                         } elsif ($dbg_attr > 1 && $line =~ /^.+($Modifier)/) {
2207                                 ERROR("TEST_NOT_ATTR",
2208                                       "TEST: is not attr ($1 is)\n". $herecurr);
2209                         }
2210                         next;
2211                 }
2212
2213 # check for initialisation to aggregates open brace on the next line
2214                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*{/ &&
2215                     $prevline =~ /(?:^|[^=])=\s*$/) {
2216                         ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2217                               "that open brace { should be on the previous line\n" . $hereprev);
2218                 }
2219
2220 #
2221 # Checks which are anchored on the added line.
2222 #
2223
2224 # check for malformed paths in #include statements (uses RAW line)
2225                 if ($rawline =~ m{^.\s*\#\s*include\s+[<"](.*)[">]}) {
2226                         my $path = $1;
2227                         if ($path =~ m{//}) {
2228                                 ERROR("MALFORMED_INCLUDE",
2229                                       "malformed #include filename\n" . $herecurr);
2230                         }
2231                         if ($path =~ "^uapi/" && $realfile =~ m@\binclude/uapi/@) {
2232                                 ERROR("UAPI_INCLUDE",
2233                                       "No #include in ...include/uapi/... should use a uapi/ path prefix\n" . $herecurr);
2234                         }
2235                 }
2236
2237 # no C99 // comments
2238                 if ($line =~ m{//}) {
2239                         ERROR("C99_COMMENTS",
2240                               "do not use C99 // comments\n" . $herecurr);
2241                 }
2242                 # Remove C99 comments.
2243                 $line =~ s@//.*@@;
2244                 $opline =~ s@//.*@@;
2245
2246 # EXPORT_SYMBOL should immediately follow the thing it is exporting, consider
2247 # the whole statement.
2248 #print "APW <$lines[$realline_next - 1]>\n";
2249                 if (defined $realline_next &&
2250                     exists $lines[$realline_next - 1] &&
2251                     !defined $suppress_export{$realline_next} &&
2252                     ($lines[$realline_next - 1] =~ /EXPORT_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/ ||
2253                      $lines[$realline_next - 1] =~ /EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/)) {
2254                         # Handle definitions which produce identifiers with
2255                         # a prefix:
2256                         #   XXX(foo);
2257                         #   EXPORT_SYMBOL(something_foo);
2258                         my $name = $1;
2259                         if ($stat =~ /^(?:.\s*}\s*\n)?.([A-Z_]+)\s*\(\s*($Ident)/ &&
2260                             $name =~ /^${Ident}_$2/) {
2261 #print "FOO C name<$name>\n";
2262                                 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 1;
2263
2264                         } elsif ($stat !~ /(?:
2265                                 \n.}\s*$|
2266                                 ^.DEFINE_$Ident\(\Q$name\E\)|
2267                                 ^.DECLARE_$Ident\(\Q$name\E\)|
2268                                 ^.LIST_HEAD\(\Q$name\E\)|
2269                                 ^.(?:$Storage\s+)?$Type\s*\(\s*\*\s*\Q$name\E\s*\)\s*\(|
2270                                 \b\Q$name\E(?:\s+$Attribute)*\s*(?:;|=|\[|\()
2271                             )/x) {
2272 #print "FOO A<$lines[$realline_next - 1]> stat<$stat> name<$name>\n";
2273                                 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 2;
2274                         } else {
2275                                 $suppress_export{$realline_next} = 1;
2276                         }
2277                 }
2278                 if (!defined $suppress_export{$linenr} &&
2279                     $prevline =~ /^.\s*$/ &&
2280                     ($line =~ /EXPORT_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/ ||
2281                      $line =~ /EXPORT_UNUSED_SYMBOL.*\((.*)\)/)) {
2282 #print "FOO B <$lines[$linenr - 1]>\n";
2283                         $suppress_export{$linenr} = 2;
2284                 }
2285                 if (defined $suppress_export{$linenr} &&
2286                     $suppress_export{$linenr} == 2) {
2287                         WARN("EXPORT_SYMBOL",
2288                              "EXPORT_SYMBOL(foo); should immediately follow its function/variable\n" . $herecurr);
2289                 }
2290
2291 # check for global initialisers.
2292                 if ($line =~ /^.$Type\s*$Ident\s*(?:\s+$Modifier)*\s*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
2293                         ERROR("GLOBAL_INITIALISERS",
2294                               "do not initialise globals to 0 or NULL\n" .
2295                                 $herecurr);
2296                 }
2297 # check for static initialisers.
2298                 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s.*=\s*(0|NULL|false)\s*;/) {
2299                         ERROR("INITIALISED_STATIC",
2300                               "do not initialise statics to 0 or NULL\n" .
2301                                 $herecurr);
2302                 }
2303
2304 # check for static const char * arrays.
2305                 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s+const\s+char\s*\*\s*(\w+)\s*\[\s*\]\s*=\s*/) {
2306                         WARN("STATIC_CONST_CHAR_ARRAY",
2307                              "static const char * array should probably be static const char * const\n" .
2308                                 $herecurr);
2309                }
2310
2311 # check for static char foo[] = "bar" declarations.
2312                 if ($line =~ /\bstatic\s+char\s+(\w+)\s*\[\s*\]\s*=\s*"/) {
2313                         WARN("STATIC_CONST_CHAR_ARRAY",
2314                              "static char array declaration should probably be static const char\n" .
2315                                 $herecurr);
2316                }
2317
2318 # check for declarations of struct pci_device_id
2319                 if ($line =~ /\bstruct\s+pci_device_id\s+\w+\s*\[\s*\]\s*\=\s*\{/) {
2320                         WARN("DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE",
2321                              "Use DEFINE_PCI_DEVICE_TABLE for struct pci_device_id\n" . $herecurr);
2322                 }
2323
2324 # check for new typedefs, only function parameters and sparse annotations
2325 # make sense.
2326                 if ($line =~ /\btypedef\s/ &&
2327                     $line !~ /\btypedef\s+$Type\s*\(\s*\*?$Ident\s*\)\s*\(/ &&
2328                     $line !~ /\btypedef\s+$Type\s+$Ident\s*\(/ &&
2329                     $line !~ /\b$typeTypedefs\b/ &&
2330                     $line !~ /\b__bitwise(?:__|)\b/) {
2331                         WARN("NEW_TYPEDEFS",
2332                              "do not add new typedefs\n" . $herecurr);
2333                 }
2334
2335 # * goes on variable not on type
2336                 # (char*[ const])
2337                 while ($line =~ m{(\($NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)\))}g) {
2338                         #print "AA<$1>\n";
2339                         my ($from, $to) = ($2, $2);
2340
2341                         # Should start with a space.
2342                         $to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
2343                         # Should not end with a space.
2344                         $to =~ s/\s+$//;
2345                         # '*'s should not have spaces between.
2346                         while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
2347                         }
2348
2349                         #print "from<$from> to<$to>\n";
2350                         if ($from ne $to) {
2351                                 ERROR("POINTER_LOCATION",
2352                                       "\"(foo$from)\" should be \"(foo$to)\"\n" .  $herecurr);
2353                         }
2354                 }
2355                 while ($line =~ m{(\b$NonptrType(\s*(?:$Modifier\b\s*|\*\s*)+)($Ident))}g) {
2356                         #print "BB<$1>\n";
2357                         my ($from, $to, $ident) = ($2, $2, $3);
2358
2359                         # Should start with a space.
2360                         $to =~ s/^(\S)/ $1/;
2361                         # Should not end with a space.
2362                         $to =~ s/\s+$//;
2363                         # '*'s should not have spaces between.
2364                         while ($to =~ s/\*\s+\*/\*\*/) {
2365                         }
2366                         # Modifiers should have spaces.
2367                         $to =~ s/(\b$Modifier$)/$1 /;
2368
2369                         #print "from<$from> to<$to> ident<$ident>\n";
2370                         if ($from ne $to && $ident !~ /^$Modifier$/) {
2371                                 ERROR("POINTER_LOCATION",
2372                                       "\"foo${from}bar\" should be \"foo${to}bar\"\n" .  $herecurr);
2373                         }
2374                 }
2375
2376 # # no BUG() or BUG_ON()
2377 #               if ($line =~ /\b(BUG|BUG_ON)\b/) {
2378 #                       print "Try to use WARN_ON & Recovery code rather than BUG() or BUG_ON()\n";
2379 #                       print "$herecurr";
2380 #                       $clean = 0;
2381 #               }
2382
2383                 if ($line =~ /\bLINUX_VERSION_CODE\b/) {
2384                         WARN("LINUX_VERSION_CODE",
2385                              "LINUX_VERSION_CODE should be avoided, code should be for the version to which it is merged\n" . $herecurr);
2386                 }
2387
2388 # check for uses of printk_ratelimit
2389                 if ($line =~ /\bprintk_ratelimit\s*\(/) {
2390                         WARN("PRINTK_RATELIMITED",
2391 "Prefer printk_ratelimited or pr_<level>_ratelimited to printk_ratelimit\n" . $herecurr);
2392                 }
2393
2394 # printk should use KERN_* levels.  Note that follow on printk's on the
2395 # same line do not need a level, so we use the current block context
2396 # to try and find and validate the current printk.  In summary the current
2397 # printk includes all preceding printk's which have no newline on the end.
2398 # we assume the first bad printk is the one to report.
2399                 if ($line =~ /\bprintk\((?!KERN_)\s*"/) {
2400                         my $ok = 0;
2401                         for (my $ln = $linenr - 1; $ln >= $first_line; $ln--) {
2402                                 #print "CHECK<$lines[$ln - 1]\n";
2403                                 # we have a preceding printk if it ends
2404                                 # with "\n" ignore it, else it is to blame
2405                                 if ($lines[$ln - 1] =~ m{\bprintk\(}) {
2406                                         if ($rawlines[$ln - 1] !~ m{\\n"}) {
2407                                                 $ok = 1;
2408                                         }
2409                                         last;
2410                                 }
2411                         }
2412                         if ($ok == 0) {
2413                                 WARN("PRINTK_WITHOUT_KERN_LEVEL",
2414                                      "printk() should include KERN_ facility level\n" . $herecurr);
2415                         }
2416                 }
2417
2418                 if ($line =~ /\bprintk\s*\(\s*KERN_([A-Z]+)/) {
2419                         my $orig = $1;
2420                         my $level = lc($orig);
2421                         $level = "warn" if ($level eq "warning");
2422                         my $level2 = $level;
2423                         $level2 = "dbg" if ($level eq "debug");
2424                         WARN("PREFER_PR_LEVEL",
2425                              "Prefer netdev_$level2(netdev, ... then dev_$level2(dev, ... then pr_$level(...  to printk(KERN_$orig ...\n" . $herecurr);
2426                 }
2427
2428                 if ($line =~ /\bpr_warning\s*\(/) {
2429                         WARN("PREFER_PR_LEVEL",
2430                              "Prefer pr_warn(... to pr_warning(...\n" . $herecurr);
2431                 }
2432
2433 # function brace can't be on same line, except for #defines of do while,
2434 # or if closed on same line
2435                 if (($line=~/$Type\s*$Ident\(.*\).*\s{/) and
2436                     !($line=~/\#\s*define.*do\s{/) and !($line=~/}/)) {
2437                         ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2438                               "open brace '{' following function declarations go on the next line\n" . $herecurr);
2439                 }
2440
2441 # open braces for enum, union and struct go on the same line.
2442                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*{/ &&
2443                     $prevline =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?\s*$/) {
2444                         ERROR("OPEN_BRACE",
2445                               "open brace '{' following $1 go on the same line\n" . $hereprev);
2446                 }
2447
2448 # missing space after union, struct or enum definition
2449                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:typedef\s+)?(enum|union|struct)(?:\s+$Ident)?(?:\s+$Ident)?[=\{]/) {
2450                     WARN("SPACING",
2451                          "missing space after $1 definition\n" . $herecurr);
2452                 }
2453
2454 # check for spacing round square brackets; allowed:
2455 #  1. with a type on the left -- int [] a;
2456 #  2. at the beginning of a line for slice initialisers -- [0...10] = 5,
2457 #  3. inside a curly brace -- = { [0...10] = 5 }
2458                 while ($line =~ /(.*?\s)\[/g) {
2459                         my ($where, $prefix) = ($-[1], $1);
2460                         if ($prefix !~ /$Type\s+$/ &&
2461                             ($where != 0 || $prefix !~ /^.\s+$/) &&
2462                             $prefix !~ /[{,]\s+$/) {
2463                                 ERROR("BRACKET_SPACE",
2464                                       "space prohibited before open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
2465                         }
2466                 }
2467
2468 # check for spaces between functions and their parentheses.
2469                 while ($line =~ /($Ident)\s+\(/g) {
2470                         my $name = $1;
2471                         my $ctx_before = substr($line, 0, $-[1]);
2472                         my $ctx = "$ctx_before$name";
2473
2474                         # Ignore those directives where spaces _are_ permitted.
2475                         if ($name =~ /^(?:
2476                                 if|for|while|switch|return|case|
2477                                 volatile|__volatile__|
2478                                 __attribute__|format|__extension__|
2479                                 asm|__asm__)$/x)
2480                         {
2481
2482                         # cpp #define statements have non-optional spaces, ie
2483                         # if there is a space between the name and the open
2484                         # parenthesis it is simply not a parameter group.
2485                         } elsif ($ctx_before =~ /^.\s*\#\s*define\s*$/) {
2486
2487                         # cpp #elif statement condition may start with a (
2488                         } elsif ($ctx =~ /^.\s*\#\s*elif\s*$/) {
2489
2490                         # If this whole things ends with a type its most
2491                         # likely a typedef for a function.
2492                         } elsif ($ctx =~ /$Type$/) {
2493
2494                         } else {
2495                                 WARN("SPACING",
2496                                      "space prohibited between function name and open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2497                         }
2498                 }
2499
2500 # check for whitespace before a non-naked semicolon
2501                 if ($line =~ /^\+.*\S\s+;/) {
2502                         CHK("SPACING",
2503                             "space prohibited before semicolon\n" . $herecurr);
2504                 }
2505
2506 # Check operator spacing.
2507                 if (!($line=~/\#\s*include/)) {
2508                         my $ops = qr{
2509                                 <<=|>>=|<=|>=|==|!=|
2510                                 \+=|-=|\*=|\/=|%=|\^=|\|=|&=|
2511                                 =>|->|<<|>>|<|>|=|!|~|
2512                                 &&|\|\||,|\^|\+\+|--|&|\||\+|-|\*|\/|%|
2513                                 \?|:
2514                         }x;
2515                         my @elements = split(/($ops|;)/, $opline);
2516                         my $off = 0;
2517
2518                         my $blank = copy_spacing($opline);
2519
2520                         for (my $n = 0; $n < $#elements; $n += 2) {
2521                                 $off += length($elements[$n]);
2522
2523                                 # Pick up the preceding and succeeding characters.
2524                                 my $ca = substr($opline, 0, $off);
2525                                 my $cc = '';
2526                                 if (length($opline) >= ($off + length($elements[$n + 1]))) {
2527                                         $cc = substr($opline, $off + length($elements[$n + 1]));
2528                                 }
2529                                 my $cb = "$ca$;$cc";
2530
2531                                 my $a = '';
2532                                 $a = 'V' if ($elements[$n] ne '');
2533                                 $a = 'W' if ($elements[$n] =~ /\s$/);
2534                                 $a = 'C' if ($elements[$n] =~ /$;$/);
2535                                 $a = 'B' if ($elements[$n] =~ /(\[|\()$/);
2536                                 $a = 'O' if ($elements[$n] eq '');
2537                                 $a = 'E' if ($ca =~ /^\s*$/);
2538
2539                                 my $op = $elements[$n + 1];
2540
2541                                 my $c = '';
2542                                 if (defined $elements[$n + 2]) {
2543                                         $c = 'V' if ($elements[$n + 2] ne '');
2544                                         $c = 'W' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s/);
2545                                         $c = 'C' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^$;/);
2546                                         $c = 'B' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^(\)|\]|;)/);
2547                                         $c = 'O' if ($elements[$n + 2] eq '');
2548                                         $c = 'E' if ($elements[$n + 2] =~ /^\s*\\$/);
2549                                 } else {
2550                                         $c = 'E';
2551                                 }
2552
2553                                 my $ctx = "${a}x${c}";
2554
2555                                 my $at = "(ctx:$ctx)";
2556
2557                                 my $ptr = substr($blank, 0, $off) . "^";
2558                                 my $hereptr = "$hereline$ptr\n";
2559
2560                                 # Pull out the value of this operator.
2561                                 my $op_type = substr($curr_values, $off + 1, 1);
2562
2563                                 # Get the full operator variant.
2564                                 my $opv = $op . substr($curr_vars, $off, 1);
2565
2566                                 # Ignore operators passed as parameters.
2567                                 if ($op_type ne 'V' &&
2568                                     $ca =~ /\s$/ && $cc =~ /^\s*,/) {
2569
2570 #                               # Ignore comments
2571 #                               } elsif ($op =~ /^$;+$/) {
2572
2573                                 # ; should have either the end of line or a space or \ after it
2574                                 } elsif ($op eq ';') {
2575                                         if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEBC]/ &&
2576                                             $cc !~ /^\\/ && $cc !~ /^;/) {
2577                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2578                                                       "space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2579                                         }
2580
2581                                 # // is a comment
2582                                 } elsif ($op eq '//') {
2583
2584                                 # No spaces for:
2585                                 #   ->
2586                                 #   :   when part of a bitfield
2587                                 } elsif ($op eq '->' || $opv eq ':B') {
2588                                         if ($ctx =~ /Wx.|.xW/) {
2589                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2590                                                       "spaces prohibited around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2591                                         }
2592
2593                                 # , must have a space on the right.
2594                                 } elsif ($op eq ',') {
2595                                         if ($ctx !~ /.x[WEC]/ && $cc !~ /^}/) {
2596                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2597                                                       "space required after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2598                                         }
2599
2600                                 # '*' as part of a type definition -- reported already.
2601                                 } elsif ($opv eq '*_') {
2602                                         #warn "'*' is part of type\n";
2603
2604                                 # unary operators should have a space before and
2605                                 # none after.  May be left adjacent to another
2606                                 # unary operator, or a cast
2607                                 } elsif ($op eq '!' || $op eq '~' ||
2608                                          $opv eq '*U' || $opv eq '-U' ||
2609                                          $opv eq '&U' || $opv eq '&&U') {
2610                                         if ($ctx !~ /[WEBC]x./ && $ca !~ /(?:\)|!|~|\*|-|\&|\||\+\+|\-\-|\{)$/) {
2611                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2612                                                       "space required before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2613                                         }
2614                                         if ($op eq '*' && $cc =~/\s*$Modifier\b/) {
2615                                                 # A unary '*' may be const
2616
2617                                         } elsif ($ctx =~ /.xW/) {
2618                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2619                                                       "space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2620                                         }
2621
2622                                 # unary ++ and unary -- are allowed no space on one side.
2623                                 } elsif ($op eq '++' or $op eq '--') {
2624                                         if ($ctx !~ /[WEOBC]x[^W]/ && $ctx !~ /[^W]x[WOBEC]/) {
2625                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2626                                                       "space required one side of that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2627                                         }
2628                                         if ($ctx =~ /Wx[BE]/ ||
2629                                             ($ctx =~ /Wx./ && $cc =~ /^;/)) {
2630                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2631                                                       "space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2632                                         }
2633                                         if ($ctx =~ /ExW/) {
2634                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2635                                                       "space prohibited after that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2636                                         }
2637
2638
2639                                 # << and >> may either have or not have spaces both sides
2640                                 } elsif ($op eq '<<' or $op eq '>>' or
2641                                          $op eq '&' or $op eq '^' or $op eq '|' or
2642                                          $op eq '+' or $op eq '-' or
2643                                          $op eq '*' or $op eq '/' or
2644                                          $op eq '%')
2645                                 {
2646                                         if ($ctx =~ /Wx[^WCE]|[^WCE]xW/) {
2647                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2648                                                       "need consistent spacing around '$op' $at\n" .
2649                                                         $hereptr);
2650                                         }
2651
2652                                 # A colon needs no spaces before when it is
2653                                 # terminating a case value or a label.
2654                                 } elsif ($opv eq ':C' || $opv eq ':L') {
2655                                         if ($ctx =~ /Wx./) {
2656                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2657                                                       "space prohibited before that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2658                                         }
2659
2660                                 # All the others need spaces both sides.
2661                                 } elsif ($ctx !~ /[EWC]x[CWE]/) {
2662                                         my $ok = 0;
2663
2664                                         # Ignore email addresses <foo@bar>
2665                                         if (($op eq '<' &&
2666                                              $cc =~ /^\S+\@\S+>/) ||
2667                                             ($op eq '>' &&
2668                                              $ca =~ /<\S+\@\S+$/))
2669                                         {
2670                                                 $ok = 1;
2671                                         }
2672
2673                                         # Ignore ?:
2674                                         if (($opv eq ':O' && $ca =~ /\?$/) ||
2675                                             ($op eq '?' && $cc =~ /^:/)) {
2676                                                 $ok = 1;
2677                                         }
2678
2679                                         if ($ok == 0) {
2680                                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2681                                                       "spaces required around that '$op' $at\n" . $hereptr);
2682                                         }
2683                                 }
2684                                 $off += length($elements[$n + 1]);
2685                         }
2686                 }
2687
2688 # check for multiple assignments
2689                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Lval\s*=\s*$Lval\s*=(?!=)/) {
2690                         CHK("MULTIPLE_ASSIGNMENTS",
2691                             "multiple assignments should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
2692                 }
2693
2694 ## # check for multiple declarations, allowing for a function declaration
2695 ## # continuation.
2696 ##              if ($line =~ /^.\s*$Type\s+$Ident(?:\s*=[^,{]*)?\s*,\s*$Ident.*/ &&
2697 ##                  $line !~ /^.\s*$Type\s+$Ident(?:\s*=[^,{]*)?\s*,\s*$Type\s*$Ident.*/) {
2698 ##
2699 ##                      # Remove any bracketed sections to ensure we do not
2700 ##                      # falsly report the parameters of functions.
2701 ##                      my $ln = $line;
2702 ##                      while ($ln =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)//g) {
2703 ##                      }
2704 ##                      if ($ln =~ /,/) {
2705 ##                              WARN("MULTIPLE_DECLARATION",
2706 ##                                   "declaring multiple variables together should be avoided\n" . $herecurr);
2707 ##                      }
2708 ##              }
2709
2710 #need space before brace following if, while, etc
2711                 if (($line =~ /\(.*\){/ && $line !~ /\($Type\){/) ||
2712                     $line =~ /do{/) {
2713                         ERROR("SPACING",
2714                               "space required before the open brace '{'\n" . $herecurr);
2715                 }
2716
2717 # closing brace should have a space following it when it has anything
2718 # on the line
2719                 if ($line =~ /}(?!(?:,|;|\)))\S/) {
2720                         ERROR("SPACING",
2721                               "space required after that close brace '}'\n" . $herecurr);
2722                 }
2723
2724 # check spacing on square brackets
2725                 if ($line =~ /\[\s/ && $line !~ /\[\s*$/) {
2726                         ERROR("SPACING",
2727                               "space prohibited after that open square bracket '['\n" . $herecurr);
2728                 }
2729                 if ($line =~ /\s\]/) {
2730                         ERROR("SPACING",
2731                               "space prohibited before that close square bracket ']'\n" . $herecurr);
2732                 }
2733
2734 # check spacing on parentheses
2735                 if ($line =~ /\(\s/ && $line !~ /\(\s*(?:\\)?$/ &&
2736                     $line !~ /for\s*\(\s+;/) {
2737                         ERROR("SPACING",
2738                               "space prohibited after that open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2739                 }
2740                 if ($line =~ /(\s+)\)/ && $line !~ /^.\s*\)/ &&
2741                     $line !~ /for\s*\(.*;\s+\)/ &&
2742                     $line !~ /:\s+\)/) {
2743                         ERROR("SPACING",
2744                               "space prohibited before that close parenthesis ')'\n" . $herecurr);
2745                 }
2746
2747 #goto labels aren't indented, allow a single space however
2748                 if ($line=~/^.\s+[A-Za-z\d_]+:(?![0-9]+)/ and
2749                    !($line=~/^. [A-Za-z\d_]+:/) and !($line=~/^.\s+default:/)) {
2750                         WARN("INDENTED_LABEL",
2751                              "labels should not be indented\n" . $herecurr);
2752                 }
2753
2754 # Return is not a function.
2755                 if (defined($stat) && $stat =~ /^.\s*return(\s*)(\(.*);/s) {
2756                         my $spacing = $1;
2757                         my $value = $2;
2758
2759                         # Flatten any parentheses
2760                         $value =~ s/\(/ \(/g;
2761                         $value =~ s/\)/\) /g;
2762                         while ($value =~ s/\[[^\[\]]*\]/1/ ||
2763                                $value !~ /(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*
2764                                              $Compare\s*
2765                                              (?:$Ident|-?$Constant)/x &&
2766                                $value =~ s/\([^\(\)]*\)/1/) {
2767                         }
2768 #print "value<$value>\n";
2769                         if ($value =~ /^\s*(?:$Ident|-?$Constant)\s*$/) {
2770                                 ERROR("RETURN_PARENTHESES",
2771                                       "return is not a function, parentheses are not required\n" . $herecurr);
2772
2773                         } elsif ($spacing !~ /\s+/) {
2774                                 ERROR("SPACING",
2775                                       "space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2776                         }
2777                 }
2778 # Return of what appears to be an errno should normally be -'ve
2779                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*return\s*(E[A-Z]*)\s*;/) {
2780                         my $name = $1;
2781                         if ($name ne 'EOF' && $name ne 'ERROR') {
2782                                 WARN("USE_NEGATIVE_ERRNO",
2783                                      "return of an errno should typically be -ve (return -$1)\n" . $herecurr);
2784                         }
2785                 }
2786
2787 # Need a space before open parenthesis after if, while etc
2788                 if ($line=~/\b(if|while|for|switch)\(/) {
2789                         ERROR("SPACING", "space required before the open parenthesis '('\n" . $herecurr);
2790                 }
2791
2792 # Check for illegal assignment in if conditional -- and check for trailing
2793 # statements after the conditional.
2794                 if ($line =~ /do\s*(?!{)/) {
2795                         ($stat, $cond, $line_nr_next, $remain_next, $off_next) =
2796                                 ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0)
2797                                         if (!defined $stat);
2798                         my ($stat_next) = ctx_statement_block($line_nr_next,
2799                                                 $remain_next, $off_next);
2800                         $stat_next =~ s/\n./\n /g;
2801                         ##print "stat<$stat> stat_next<$stat_next>\n";
2802
2803                         if ($stat_next =~ /^\s*while\b/) {
2804                                 # If the statement carries leading newlines,
2805                                 # then count those as offsets.
2806                                 my ($whitespace) =
2807                                         ($stat_next =~ /^((?:\s*\n[+-])*\s*)/s);
2808                                 my $offset =
2809                                         statement_rawlines($whitespace) - 1;
2810
2811                                 $suppress_whiletrailers{$line_nr_next +
2812                                                                 $offset} = 1;
2813                         }
2814                 }
2815                 if (!defined $suppress_whiletrailers{$linenr} &&
2816                     $line =~ /\b(?:if|while|for)\s*\(/ && $line !~ /^.\s*#/) {
2817                         my ($s, $c) = ($stat, $cond);
2818
2819                         if ($c =~ /\bif\s*\(.*[^<>!=]=[^=].*/s) {
2820                                 ERROR("ASSIGN_IN_IF",
2821                                       "do not use assignment in if condition\n" . $herecurr);
2822                         }
2823
2824                         # Find out what is on the end of the line after the
2825                         # conditional.
2826                         substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2827                         $s =~ s/\n.*//g;
2828                         $s =~ s/$;//g;  # Remove any comments
2829                         if (length($c) && $s !~ /^\s*{?\s*\\*\s*$/ &&
2830                             $c !~ /}\s*while\s*/)
2831                         {
2832                                 # Find out how long the conditional actually is.
2833                                 my @newlines = ($c =~ /\n/gs);
2834                                 my $cond_lines = 1 + $#newlines;
2835                                 my $stat_real = '';
2836
2837                                 $stat_real = raw_line($linenr, $cond_lines)
2838                                                         . "\n" if ($cond_lines);
2839                                 if (defined($stat_real) && $cond_lines > 1) {
2840                                         $stat_real = "[...]\n$stat_real";
2841                                 }
2842
2843                                 ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2844                                       "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr . $stat_real);
2845                         }
2846                 }
2847
2848 # Check for bitwise tests written as boolean
2849                 if ($line =~ /
2850                         (?:
2851                                 (?:\[|\(|\&\&|\|\|)
2852                                 \s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
2853                                 (?:\&\&|\|\|)
2854                         |
2855                                 (?:\&\&|\|\|)
2856                                 \s*0[xX][0-9]+\s*
2857                                 (?:\&\&|\|\||\)|\])
2858                         )/x)
2859                 {
2860                         WARN("HEXADECIMAL_BOOLEAN_TEST",
2861                              "boolean test with hexadecimal, perhaps just 1 \& or \|?\n" . $herecurr);
2862                 }
2863
2864 # if and else should not have general statements after it
2865                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:}\s*)?else\b(.*)/) {
2866                         my $s = $1;
2867                         $s =~ s/$;//g;  # Remove any comments
2868                         if ($s !~ /^\s*(?:\sif|(?:{|)\s*\\?\s*$)/) {
2869                                 ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2870                                       "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
2871                         }
2872                 }
2873 # if should not continue a brace
2874                 if ($line =~ /}\s*if\b/) {
2875                         ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2876                               "trailing statements should be on next line\n" .
2877                                 $herecurr);
2878                 }
2879 # case and default should not have general statements after them
2880                 if ($line =~ /^.\s*(?:case\s*.*|default\s*):/g &&
2881                     $line !~ /\G(?:
2882                         (?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*{)?(?:\s*$;*)(?:\s*\\)?\s*$|
2883                         \s*return\s+
2884                     )/xg)
2885                 {
2886                         ERROR("TRAILING_STATEMENTS",
2887                               "trailing statements should be on next line\n" . $herecurr);
2888                 }
2889
2890                 # Check for }<nl>else {, these must be at the same
2891                 # indent level to be relevant to each other.
2892                 if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*else\s*/ and
2893                                                 $previndent == $indent) {
2894                         ERROR("ELSE_AFTER_BRACE",
2895                               "else should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
2896                 }
2897
2898                 if ($prevline=~/}\s*$/ and $line=~/^.\s*while\s*/ and
2899                                                 $previndent == $indent) {
2900                         my ($s, $c) = ctx_statement_block($linenr, $realcnt, 0);
2901
2902                         # Find out what is on the end of the line after the
2903                         # conditional.
2904                         substr($s, 0, length($c), '');
2905                         $s =~ s/\n.*//g;
2906
2907                         if ($s =~ /^\s*;/) {
2908                                 ERROR("WHILE_AFTER_BRACE",
2909                                       "while should follow close brace '}'\n" . $hereprev);
2910                         }
2911                 }
2912
2913 #CamelCase
2914                 while ($line =~ m{($Constant|$Lval)}g) {
2915                         my $var = $1;
2916                         if ($var !~ /$Constant/ &&
2917                             $var =~ /[A-Z]\w*[a-z]|[a-z]\w*[A-Z]/ &&
2918                             !defined $camelcase{$var}) {
2919                                 $camelcase{$var} = 1;
2920                                 WARN("CAMELCASE",
2921                                      "Avoid CamelCase: <$var>\n" . $herecurr);
2922                         }
2923                 }
2924
2925 #no spaces allowed after \ in define
2926                 if ($line=~/\#\s*define.*\\\s$/) {
2927                         WARN("WHITESPACE_AFTER_LINE_CONTINUATION",
2928                              "Whitepspace after \\ makes next lines useless\n" . $herecurr);
2929                 }
2930
2931 #warn if <asm/foo.h> is #included and <linux/foo.h> is available (uses RAW line)
2932                 if ($tree && $rawline =~ m{^.\s*\#\s*include\s*\<asm\/(.*)\.h\>}) {
2933                         my $file = "$1.h";
2934                         my $checkfile = "include/linux/$file";
2935                         if (-f "$root/$checkfile" &&
2936                             $realfile ne $checkfile &&
2937                             $1 !~ /$allowed_asm_includes/)
2938                         {
2939            &