~shefty/rdma-dev.git
9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-platform-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:42:36 +0000 (09:42 -0700)]
Merge branch 'x86-platform-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86 platform changes from Ingo Molnar.

Removes the Moorestown platform that nobody ever used.

* 'x86-platform-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86/platform: Move APIC ID validity check into platform APIC code
  x86/olpc/xo15/sci: Enable lid close wakeup control
  x86/geode/net5501: Add platform driver for Soekris Engineering net5501
  x86/geode/alix2: Supplement driver to include GPIO button support
  x86/mid/powerbtn: Use MSIC read/write instead of ipc_scu
  x86/mid/thermal: Turn off thermistor
  x86/mid/thermal: Add msic_thermal alias
  x86/mid/thermal: Convert to use Intel MSIC API
  x86/mid/scu_ipc: Remove Moorestown support
  x86/mid: Kill off Moorestown
  x86/mrst: Add msic_thermal platform support
  x86/config: Select MSIC MFD driver on Intel Medfield platform
  x86/mid: Remove Intel Moorestown
  x86/mrst: Set ISA bus type for fake MP IRQs
  x86/ioapic: Use legacy_pic to set correct gsi-irq mapping

9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-mce-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:42:04 +0000 (09:42 -0700)]
Merge branch 'x86-mce-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull MCE changes from Ingo Molnar.

* 'x86-mce-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86/mce: Fix return value of mce_chrdev_read() when erst is disabled
  x86/mce: Convert static array of pointers to per-cpu variables
  x86/mce: Replace hard coded hex constants with symbolic defines
  x86/mce: Recognise machine check bank signature for data path error
  x86/mce: Handle "action required" errors
  x86/mce: Add mechanism to safely save information in MCE handler
  x86/mce: Create helper function to save addr/misc when needed
  HWPOISON: Add code to handle "action required" errors.
  HWPOISON: Clean up memory_failure() vs. __memory_failure()

9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-fpu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:41:22 +0000 (09:41 -0700)]
Merge branch 'x86-fpu-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86/fpu changes from Ingo Molnar.

* 'x86-fpu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  i387: Split up <asm/i387.h> into exported and internal interfaces
  i387: Uninline the generic FP helpers that we expose to kernel modules

9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-build-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:40:53 +0000 (09:40 -0700)]
Merge branch 'x86-build-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86/build changes from Ingo Molnar.

* 'x86-build-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86, build: Fix portability issues when cross-building
  x86, tools: Remove unneeded header files from tools/build.c
  USB: ffs-test: Don't duplicate {get,put}_unaligned*() functions
  x86, efi: Fix endian issues and unaligned accesses
  x86, boot: Restrict CFLAGS for hostprogs
  x86, mkpiggy: Don't open code put_unaligned_le32()
  x86, relocs: Don't open code put_unaligned_le32()
  tools/include: Add byteshift headers for endian access

9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-eficross-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:31:31 +0000 (09:31 -0700)]
Merge branch 'x86-eficross-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86/eficross (booting 32/64-bit kernel from 64/32-bit EFI) from Ingo Molnar

* 'x86-eficross-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86, efi: Allow basic init with mixed 32/64-bit efi/kernel
  x86, efi: Add basic error handling
  x86, efi: Cleanup config table walking
  x86, efi: Convert printk to pr_*()
  x86, efi: Refactor efi_init() a bit

9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-debug-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:30:39 +0000 (09:30 -0700)]
Merge branch 'x86-debug-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86/debug changes from Ingo Molnar.

* 'x86-debug-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86: Fix section warnings
  x86-64: Fix CFI data for common_interrupt()
  x86: Properly _init-annotate NMI selftest code
  x86/debug: Fix/improve the show_msr=<cpus> debug print out

9 years agoMerge branches 'x86-cpu-for-linus', 'x86-boot-for-linus', 'x86-cpufeature-for-linus...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:28:15 +0000 (09:28 -0700)]
Merge branches 'x86-cpu-for-linus', 'x86-boot-for-linus', 'x86-cpufeature-for-linus', 'x86-process-for-linus' and 'x86-uv-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull trivial x86 branches from Ingo Molnar: small one-liners to fix up
details.

* 'x86-cpu-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86: Remove some noise from boot log when starting cpus

* 'x86-boot-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86, boot: Fix port argument to inl() function

* 'x86-cpufeature-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86, cpufeature: Add CPU features from Intel document 319433-012A

* 'x86-process-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86_64: Record stack pointer before task execution begins

* 'x86-uv-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86/UV: Lower UV rtc clocksource rating

9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-atomic-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:23:57 +0000 (09:23 -0700)]
Merge branch 'x86-atomic-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86/atomic changes from Ingo Molnar.

* 'x86-atomic-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86: atomic64 assembly improvements
  x86: Adjust asm constraints in atomic64 wrappers

9 years agoMerge branch 'x86-asm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:13:24 +0000 (09:13 -0700)]
Merge branch 'x86-asm-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86/asm changes from Ingo Molnar

* 'x86-asm-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86: Include probe_roms.h in probe_roms.c
  x86/32: Print control and debug registers for kerenel context
  x86: Tighten dependencies of CPU_SUP_*_32
  x86/numa: Improve internode cache alignment
  x86: Fix the NMI nesting comments
  x86-64: Improve insn scheduling in SAVE_ARGS_IRQ
  x86-64: Fix CFI annotations for NMI nesting code
  bitops: Add missing parentheses to new get_order macro
  bitops: Optimise get_order()
  bitops: Adjust the comment on get_order() to describe the size==0 case
  x86/spinlocks: Eliminate TICKET_MASK
  x86-64: Handle byte-wise tail copying in memcpy() without a loop
  x86-64: Fix memcpy() to support sizes of 4Gb and above
  x86-64: Fix memset() to support sizes of 4Gb and above
  x86-64: Slightly shorten copy_page()

9 years agoMerge branch 'akpm' (Andrew's patch-bomb)
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 16:04:48 +0000 (09:04 -0700)]
Merge branch 'akpm' (Andrew's patch-bomb)

Merge first batch of patches from Andrew Morton:
 "A few misc things and all the MM queue"

* emailed from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (92 commits)
  memcg: avoid THP split in task migration
  thp: add HPAGE_PMD_* definitions for !CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
  memcg: clean up existing move charge code
  mm/memcontrol.c: remove unnecessary 'break' in mem_cgroup_read()
  mm/memcontrol.c: remove redundant BUG_ON() in mem_cgroup_usage_unregister_event()
  mm/memcontrol.c: s/stealed/stolen/
  memcg: fix performance of mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat()
  memcg: remove PCG_FILE_MAPPED
  memcg: use new logic for page stat accounting
  memcg: remove PCG_MOVE_LOCK flag from page_cgroup
  memcg: simplify move_account() check
  memcg: remove EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_cgroup_update_page_stat)
  memcg: kill dead prev_priority stubs
  memcg: remove PCG_CACHE page_cgroup flag
  memcg: let css_get_next() rely upon rcu_read_lock()
  cgroup: revert ss_id_lock to spinlock
  idr: make idr_get_next() good for rcu_read_lock()
  memcg: remove unnecessary thp check in page stat accounting
  memcg: remove redundant returns
  memcg: enum lru_list lru
  ...

9 years agoMerge branch 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 01:55:10 +0000 (18:55 -0700)]
Merge branch 'next' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc

Pull powerpc merge from Benjamin Herrenschmidt:
 "Here's the powerpc batch for this merge window.  It is going to be a
  bit more nasty than usual as in touching things outside of
  arch/powerpc mostly due to the big iSeriesectomy :-) We finally got
  rid of the bugger (legacy iSeries support) which was a PITA to
  maintain and that nobody really used anymore.

  Here are some of the highlights:

   - Legacy iSeries is gone.  Thanks Stephen ! There's still some bits
     and pieces remaining if you do a grep -ir series arch/powerpc but
     they are harmless and will be removed in the next few weeks
     hopefully.

   - The 'fadump' functionality (Firmware Assisted Dump) replaces the
     previous (equivalent) "pHyp assisted dump"...  it's a rewrite of a
     mechanism to get the hypervisor to do crash dumps on pSeries, the
     new implementation hopefully being much more reliable.  Thanks
     Mahesh Salgaonkar.

   - The "EEH" code (pSeries PCI error handling & recovery) got a big
     spring cleaning, motivated by the need to be able to implement a
     new backend for it on top of some new different type of firwmare.

     The work isn't complete yet, but a good chunk of the cleanups is
     there.  Note that this adds a field to struct device_node which is
     not very nice and which Grant objects to.  I will have a patch soon
     that moves that to a powerpc private data structure (hopefully
     before rc1) and we'll improve things further later on (hopefully
     getting rid of the need for that pointer completely).  Thanks Gavin
     Shan.

   - I dug into our exception & interrupt handling code to improve the
     way we do lazy interrupt handling (and make it work properly with
     "edge" triggered interrupt sources), and while at it found & fixed
     a wagon of issues in those areas, including adding support for page
     fault retry & fatal signals on page faults.

   - Your usual random batch of small fixes & updates, including a bunch
     of new embedded boards, both Freescale and APM based ones, etc..."

I fixed up some conflicts with the generalized irq-domain changes from
Grant Likely, hopefully correctly.

* 'next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/benh/powerpc: (141 commits)
  powerpc/ps3: Do not adjust the wrapper load address
  powerpc: Remove the rest of the legacy iSeries include files
  powerpc: Remove the remaining CONFIG_PPC_ISERIES pieces
  init: Remove CONFIG_PPC_ISERIES
  powerpc: Remove FW_FEATURE ISERIES from arch code
  tty/hvc_vio: FW_FEATURE_ISERIES is no longer selectable
  powerpc/spufs: Fix double unlocks
  powerpc/5200: convert mpc5200 to use of_platform_populate()
  powerpc/mpc5200: add options to mpc5200_defconfig
  powerpc/mpc52xx: add a4m072 board support
  powerpc/mpc5200: update mpc5200_defconfig to fit for charon board
  Documentation/powerpc/mpc52xx.txt: Checkpatch cleanup
  powerpc/44x: Add additional device support for APM821xx SoC and Bluestone board
  powerpc/44x: Add support PCI-E for APM821xx SoC and Bluestone board
  MAINTAINERS: Update PowerPC 4xx tree
  powerpc/44x: The bug fixed support for APM821xx SoC and Bluestone board
  powerpc: document the FSL MPIC message register binding
  powerpc: add support for MPIC message register API
  powerpc/fsl: Added aliased MSIIR register address to MSI node in dts
  powerpc/85xx: mpc8548cds - add 36-bit dts
  ...

9 years agoMerge branch 'for-next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gerg/m68knommu
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 01:17:51 +0000 (18:17 -0700)]
Merge branch 'for-next' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/gerg/m68knommu

Pull m68knommu arch updates from Greg Ungerer:
 "Includes a cleanup of the non-MMU linker script (it now almost
  exclusively uses the well defined linker script support macros and
  definitions).  Some more merging of MMU and non-MMU common files
  (specifically the arch process.c, ptrace and time.c).  And a big
  cleanup of the massively duplicated ColdFire device definition code.

  Overall we remove about 2000 lines of code, and end up with a single
  set of platform device definitions for the serial ports, ethernet
  ports and QSPI ports common in most ColdFire SoCs.

  I expect you will get a merge conflict on arch/m68k/kernel/process.c,
  in cpu_idle().  It should be relatively strait forward to fixup."

And cpu_idle() conflict resolution was indeed trivial (merging the
nommu/mmu versions of process.c trivially conflicting with the
conversion to use the schedule_preempt_disabled() helper function)

* 'for-next' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gerg/m68knommu: (57 commits)
  m68knommu: factor more common ColdFire cpu reset code
  m68knommu: make 528x CPU reset register addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 527x CPU reset register addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 523x CPU reset register addressing consistent
  m68knommu: factor some common ColdFire cpu reset code
  m68knommu: move old ColdFire timers init from CPU init to timers code
  m68knommu: clean up init code in ColdFire 532x startup
  m68knommu: clean up init code in ColdFire 528x startup
  m68knommu: clean up init code in ColdFire 523x startup
  m68knommu: merge common ColdFire QSPI platform setup code
  m68knommu: make 532x QSPI platform addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 528x QSPI platform addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 527x QSPI platform addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 5249 QSPI platform addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 523x QSPI platform addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 520x QSPI platform addressing consistent
  m68knommu: merge common ColdFire FEC platform setup code
  m68knommu: make 532x FEC platform addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 528x FEC platform addressing consistent
  m68knommu: make 527x FEC platform addressing consistent
  ...

9 years agoMerge git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/steve/gfs2-3.0-nmw
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 22 Mar 2012 01:00:03 +0000 (18:00 -0700)]
Merge git://git./linux/kernel/git/steve/gfs2-3.0-nmw

Pull gfs2 changes from Steven Whitehouse.

* git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/steve/gfs2-3.0-nmw:
  GFS2: Change truncate page allocation to be GFP_NOFS
  GFS2: call gfs2_write_alloc_required for each chunk
  GFS2: Clean up log flush header writing
  GFS2: Remove a __GFP_NOFAIL allocation
  GFS2: Flush pending glock work when evicting an inode
  GFS2: make sure rgrps are up to date in func gfs2_blk2rgrpd
  GFS2: Eliminate sd_rindex_mutex
  GFS2: Unlock rindex mutex on glock error
  GFS2: Make bd_cmp() static
  GFS2: Sort the ordered write list
  GFS2: FITRIM ioctl support
  GFS2: Move two functions from log.c to lops.c
  GFS2: glock statistics gathering

9 years agomemcg: avoid THP split in task migration
Naoya Horiguchi [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:28 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: avoid THP split in task migration

Currently we can't do task migration among memory cgroups without THP
split, which means processes heavily using THP experience large overhead
in task migration.  This patch introduces the code for moving charge of
THP and makes THP more valuable.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Acked-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agothp: add HPAGE_PMD_* definitions for !CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
Naoya Horiguchi [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:27 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
thp: add HPAGE_PMD_* definitions for !CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE

These macros will be used in a later patch, where all usages are expected
to be optimized away without #ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE.  But to
detect unexpected usages, we convert the existing BUG() to BUILD_BUG().

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build in mm/pgtable-generic.c]
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Acked-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: clean up existing move charge code
Naoya Horiguchi [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:27 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: clean up existing move charge code

- Replace lengthy function name is_target_pte_for_mc() with a shorter
  one in order to avoid ugly line breaks.

- explicitly use MC_TARGET_* instead of simply using integers.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Daisuke Nishimura <nishimura@mxp.nes.nec.co.jp>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm/memcontrol.c: remove unnecessary 'break' in mem_cgroup_read()
Jeff Liu [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:27 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm/memcontrol.c: remove unnecessary 'break' in mem_cgroup_read()

Signed-off-by: Jie Liu <jeff.liu@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm/memcontrol.c: remove redundant BUG_ON() in mem_cgroup_usage_unregister_event()
Anton Vorontsov [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:26 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm/memcontrol.c: remove redundant BUG_ON() in mem_cgroup_usage_unregister_event()

In the following code:

if (type == _MEM)
thresholds = &memcg->thresholds;
else if (type == _MEMSWAP)
thresholds = &memcg->memsw_thresholds;
else
BUG();

BUG_ON(!thresholds);

The BUG_ON() seems redundant.

Signed-off-by: Anton Vorontsov <anton.vorontsov@linaro.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm/memcontrol.c: s/stealed/stolen/
Andrew Morton [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:26 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm/memcontrol.c: s/stealed/stolen/

A grammatical fix.

Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: fix performance of mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat()
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:26 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: fix performance of mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat()

mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat() should be very fast because it's
called very frequently.  Now, it needs to look up page_cgroup and its
memcg....this is slow.

This patch adds a global variable to check "any memcg is moving or not".
With this, the caller doesn't need to visit page_cgroup and memcg.

Here is a test result.  A test program makes page faults onto a file,
MAP_SHARED and makes each page's page_mapcount(page) > 1, and free the
range by madvise() and page fault again.  This program causes 26214400
times of page fault onto a file(size was 1G.) and shows shows the cost of
mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat().

Before this patch for mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat()

    [kamezawa@bluextal test]$ time ./mmap 1G

    real    0m21.765s
    user    0m5.999s
    sys     0m15.434s

    27.46%     mmap  mmap               [.] reader
    21.15%     mmap  [kernel.kallsyms]  [k] page_fault
     9.17%     mmap  [kernel.kallsyms]  [k] filemap_fault
     2.96%     mmap  [kernel.kallsyms]  [k] __do_fault
     2.83%     mmap  [kernel.kallsyms]  [k] __mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat

After this patch

    [root@bluextal test]# time ./mmap 1G

    real    0m21.373s
    user    0m6.113s
    sys     0m15.016s

In usual path, calls to __mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat() goes away.

Note: we may be able to remove this optimization in future if
      we can get pointer to memcg directly from struct page.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: don't return a void]
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: remove PCG_FILE_MAPPED
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:25 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: remove PCG_FILE_MAPPED

With the new lock scheme for updating memcg's page stat, we don't need a
flag PCG_FILE_MAPPED which was duplicated information of page_mapped().

[hughd@google.com: cosmetic fix]
[hughd@google.com: add comment to MEM_CGROUP_CHARGE_TYPE_MAPPED case in __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common()]
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: use new logic for page stat accounting
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:25 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: use new logic for page stat accounting

Now, page-stat-per-memcg is recorded into per page_cgroup flag by
duplicating page's status into the flag.  The reason is that memcg has a
feature to move a page from a group to another group and we have race
between "move" and "page stat accounting",

Under current logic, assume CPU-A and CPU-B.  CPU-A does "move" and CPU-B
does "page stat accounting".

When CPU-A goes 1st,

            CPU-A                           CPU-B
                                    update "struct page" info.
    move_lock_mem_cgroup(memcg)
    see pc->flags
    copy page stat to new group
    overwrite pc->mem_cgroup.
    move_unlock_mem_cgroup(memcg)
                                    move_lock_mem_cgroup(mem)
                                    set pc->flags
                                    update page stat accounting
                                    move_unlock_mem_cgroup(mem)

stat accounting is guarded by move_lock_mem_cgroup() and "move" logic
(CPU-A) doesn't see changes in "struct page" information.

But it's costly to have the same information both in 'struct page' and
'struct page_cgroup'.  And, there is a potential problem.

For example, assume we have PG_dirty accounting in memcg.
PG_..is a flag for struct page.
PCG_ is a flag for struct page_cgroup.
(This is just an example. The same problem can be found in any
 kind of page stat accounting.)

  CPU-A                               CPU-B
      TestSet PG_dirty
      (delay)                        TestClear PG_dirty
                                     if (TestClear(PCG_dirty))
                                          memcg->nr_dirty--
      if (TestSet(PCG_dirty))
          memcg->nr_dirty++

Here, memcg->nr_dirty = +1, this is wrong.  This race was reported by Greg
Thelen <gthelen@google.com>.  Now, only FILE_MAPPED is supported but
fortunately, it's serialized by page table lock and this is not real bug,
_now_,

If this potential problem is caused by having duplicated information in
struct page and struct page_cgroup, we may be able to fix this by using
original 'struct page' information.  But we'll have a problem in "move
account"

Assume we use only PG_dirty.

         CPU-A                   CPU-B
    TestSet PG_dirty
    (delay)                    move_lock_mem_cgroup()
                               if (PageDirty(page))
                                      new_memcg->nr_dirty++
                               pc->mem_cgroup = new_memcg;
                               move_unlock_mem_cgroup()
    move_lock_mem_cgroup()
    memcg = pc->mem_cgroup
    new_memcg->nr_dirty++

accounting information may be double-counted.  This was original reason to
have PCG_xxx flags but it seems PCG_xxx has another problem.

I think we need a bigger lock as

     move_lock_mem_cgroup(page)
     TestSetPageDirty(page)
     update page stats (without any checks)
     move_unlock_mem_cgroup(page)

This fixes both of problems and we don't have to duplicate page flag into
page_cgroup.  Please note: move_lock_mem_cgroup() is held only when there
are possibility of "account move" under the system.  So, in most path,
status update will go without atomic locks.

This patch introduces mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat() and
mem_cgroup_end_update_page_stat() both should be called at modifying
'struct page' information if memcg takes care of it.  as

     mem_cgroup_begin_update_page_stat()
     modify page information
     mem_cgroup_update_page_stat()
     => never check any 'struct page' info, just update counters.
     mem_cgroup_end_update_page_stat().

This patch is slow because we need to call begin_update_page_stat()/
end_update_page_stat() regardless of accounted will be changed or not.  A
following patch adds an easy optimization and reduces the cost.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/lock/locked/]
[hughd@google.com: fix deadlock by avoiding stat lock when anon]
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: remove PCG_MOVE_LOCK flag from page_cgroup
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:24 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: remove PCG_MOVE_LOCK flag from page_cgroup

PCG_MOVE_LOCK is used for bit spinlock to avoid race between overwriting
pc->mem_cgroup and page statistics accounting per memcg.  This lock helps
to avoid the race but the race is very rare because moving tasks between
cgroup is not a usual job.  So, it seems using 1bit per page is too
costly.

This patch changes this lock as per-memcg spinlock and removes
PCG_MOVE_LOCK.

If smaller lock is required, we'll be able to add some hashes but I'd like
to start from this.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: simplify move_account() check
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:23 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: simplify move_account() check

In memcg, for avoiding take-lock-irq-off at accessing page_cgroup, a
logic, flag + rcu_read_lock(), is used.  This works as following

     CPU-A                     CPU-B
                             rcu_read_lock()
    set flag
                             if(flag is set)
                                   take heavy lock
                             do job.
    synchronize_rcu()        rcu_read_unlock()
    take heavy lock.

In recent discussion, it's argued that using per-cpu value for this flag
just complicates the code because 'set flag' is very rare.

This patch changes 'flag' implementation from percpu to atomic_t.  This
will be much simpler.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: "Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@us.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: remove EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_cgroup_update_page_stat)
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:23 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: remove EXPORT_SYMBOL(mem_cgroup_update_page_stat)

As described in the log, I guess EXPORT was for preparing dirty
accounting.  But _now_, we don't need to export this.  Remove this for
now.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: kill dead prev_priority stubs
Konstantin Khlebnikov [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:22 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: kill dead prev_priority stubs

This code was removed in 25edde033291 ("vmscan: kill prev_priority
completely")

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: remove PCG_CACHE page_cgroup flag
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:22 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: remove PCG_CACHE page_cgroup flag

We record 'the page is cache' with the PCG_CACHE bit in page_cgroup.
Here, "CACHE" means anonymous user pages (and SwapCache).  This doesn't
include shmem.

Considering callers, at charge/uncharge, the caller should know what the
page is and we don't need to record it by using one bit per page.

This patch removes PCG_CACHE bit and make callers of
mem_cgroup_charge_statistics() to specify what the page is.

About page migration: Mapping of the used page is not touched during migra
tion (see page_remove_rmap) so we can rely on it and push the correct
charge type down to __mem_cgroup_uncharge_common from end_migration for
unused page.  The force flag was misleading was abused for skipping the
needless page_mapped() / PageCgroupMigration() check, as we know the
unused page is no longer mapped and cleared the migration flag just a few
lines up.  But doing the checks is no biggie and it's not worth adding
another flag just to skip them.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
[hughd@google.com: fix PageAnon uncharging]
Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: let css_get_next() rely upon rcu_read_lock()
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:21 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: let css_get_next() rely upon rcu_read_lock()

Remove lock and unlock around css_get_next()'s call to idr_get_next().
memcg iterators (only users of css_get_next) already did rcu_read_lock(),
and its comment demands that; but add a WARN_ON_ONCE to make sure of it.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agocgroup: revert ss_id_lock to spinlock
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:21 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
cgroup: revert ss_id_lock to spinlock

Commit c1e2ee2dc436 ("memcg: replace ss->id_lock with a rwlock") has now
been seen to cause the unfair behavior we should have expected from
converting a spinlock to an rwlock: softlockup in cgroup_mkdir(), whose
get_new_cssid() is waiting for the wlock, while there are 19 tasks using
the rlock in css_get_next() to get on with their memcg workload (in an
artificial test, admittedly).  Yet lib/idr.c was made suitable for RCU
way back: revert that commit, restoring ss->id_lock to a spinlock.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agoidr: make idr_get_next() good for rcu_read_lock()
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:20 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
idr: make idr_get_next() good for rcu_read_lock()

Make one small adjustment to idr_get_next(): take the height from the top
layer (stable under RCU) instead of from the root (unprotected by RCU), as
idr_find() does: so that it can be used with RCU locking.  Copied comment
on RCU locking from idr_find().

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Li Zefan <lizf@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: remove unnecessary thp check in page stat accounting
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:20 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: remove unnecessary thp check in page stat accounting

Commit e94c8a9cbce1 ("memcg: make mem_cgroup_split_huge_fixup() more
efficient") removed move_lock_page_cgroup().  So we do not have to check
PageTransHuge in mem_cgroup_update_page_stat() and fallback into the
locked accounting because both move_account() and thp split are done
with compound_lock so they cannot race.

The race between update vs.  move is protected by mem_cgroup_stealed.

PageTransHuge pages shouldn't appear in this code path currently because
we are tracking only file pages at the moment but later we are planning
to track also other pages (e.g.  mlocked ones).

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Ying Han<yinghan@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: remove redundant returns
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:19 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: remove redundant returns

Remove redundant returns from ends of functions, and one blank line.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: enum lru_list lru
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:19 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: enum lru_list lru

Mostly we use "enum lru_list lru": change those few "l"s to "lru"s.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: lru_size instead of MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:19 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: lru_size instead of MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT

I never understood why we need a MEM_CGROUP_ZSTAT(mz, idx) macro to
obscure the LRU counts.  For easier searching? So call it lru_size
rather than bare count (lru_length sounds better, but would be wrong,
since each huge page raises lru_size hugely).

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: replace mem and mem_cont stragglers
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:18 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: replace mem and mem_cont stragglers

Replace mem and mem_cont stragglers in memcontrol.c by memcg.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomemcg: replace MEM_CONT by MEM_RES_CTLR
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:18 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
memcg: replace MEM_CONT by MEM_RES_CTLR

Correct an #endif comment in memcontrol.h from MEM_CONT to MEM_RES_CTLR.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agoswap: don't do discard if no discard option added
Shaohua Li [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:17 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
swap: don't do discard if no discard option added

When swapon() was not passed the SWAP_FLAG_DISCARD option, sys_swapon()
will still perform a discard operation.  This can cause problems if
discard is slow or buggy.

Reverse the order of the check so that a discard operation is performed
only if the sys_swapon() caller is attempting to enable discard.

Signed-off-by: Shaohua Li <shli@fusionio.com>
Reported-by: Holger Kiehl <Holger.Kiehl@dwd.de>
Tested-by: Holger Kiehl <Holger.Kiehl@dwd.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: forbid lumpy-reclaim in shrink_active_list()
Konstantin Khlebnikov [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:17 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: forbid lumpy-reclaim in shrink_active_list()

Reset the reclaim mode in shrink_active_list() to RECLAIM_MODE_SINGLE |
RECLAIM_MODE_ASYNC.  (sync/async sign is used only in shrink_page_list
and does not affect shrink_active_list)

Currenly shrink_active_list() sometimes works in lumpy-reclaim mode, if
RECLAIM_MODE_LUMPYRECLAIM is left over from an earlier
shrink_inactive_list().  Meanwhile, in age_active_anon()
sc->reclaim_mode is totally zero.  So the current behavior is too
complex and confusing, and this looks like bug.

In general, shrink_active_list() populates the inactive list for the
next shrink_inactive_list().  Lumpy shring_inactive_list() isolates
pages around the chosen one from both the active and inactive lists.
So, there is no reason for lumpy isolation in shrink_active_list().

See also: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/3/15/583

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Proposed-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agommap.c: fix comment for __insert_vm_struct()
Kautuk Consul [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:16 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mmap.c: fix comment for __insert_vm_struct()

The comment above __insert_vm_struct seems to suggest that this function
is also going to link the VMA with the anon_vma, but this is not true.
This function only links the VMA to the mm->mm_rb tree and the mm->mmap
linked list.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: improve comment layout and text]
Signed-off-by: Kautuk Consul <consul.kautuk@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agonuma_emulation: fix cpumask_of_node()
Andrea Arcangeli [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:16 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
numa_emulation: fix cpumask_of_node()

Without this fix the cpumask_of_node() for a fake=numa=2 is:

    cpumask 0 ff
    cpumask 1 ff

with the fix it's correct and it's set to:

    cpumask 0 55
    cpumask 1 aa

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <jweiner@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agopage_alloc: remove unused find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes() argument
Kautuk Consul [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:15 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
page_alloc: remove unused find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes() argument

find_zone_movable_pfns_for_nodes() does not use its argument.

Signed-off-by: Kautuk Consul <consul.kautuk@gmail.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agopage_alloc.c: remove add_from_early_node_map()
Kautuk Consul [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:15 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
page_alloc.c: remove add_from_early_node_map()

add_from_early_node_map() is unused.

Signed-off-by: Kautuk Consul <consul.kautuk@gmail.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agohugetlbfs: return error code when initializing module
Hillf Danton [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:15 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
hugetlbfs: return error code when initializing module

Return an errno upon failure to create inode kmem cache, and unregister
the FS upon failure to mount.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded test of `error']
Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agohugetlb: remove prev_vma from hugetlb_get_unmapped_area_topdown()
Xiao Guangrong [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:14 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
hugetlb: remove prev_vma from hugetlb_get_unmapped_area_topdown()

After looking up the vma which covers or follows the cached search
address, the following condition is always true:

!prev_vma || (addr >= prev_vma->vm_end)

so we can stop checking the previous VMA altogether.

Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agohugetlbfs: fix alignment of huge page requests
Steven Truelove [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:14 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
hugetlbfs: fix alignment of huge page requests

When calling shmget() with SHM_HUGETLB, shmget aligns the request size to
PAGE_SIZE, but this is not sufficient.

Modify hugetlb_file_setup() to align requests to the huge page size, and
to accept an address argument so that all alignment checks can be
performed in hugetlb_file_setup(), rather than in its callers.  Change
newseg() and mmap_pgoff() to match the new prototype and eliminate a now
redundant alignment check.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build]
Signed-off-by: Steven Truelove <steven.truelove@utoronto.ca>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, hugetlb: add thread name and pid to SHM_HUGETLB mlock rlimit warning
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:13 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm, hugetlb: add thread name and pid to SHM_HUGETLB mlock rlimit warning

Add the thread name and pid of the application that is allocating shm
segments with MAP_HUGETLB without being a part of
/proc/sys/vm/hugetlb_shm_group or having CAP_IPC_LOCK.

This identifies the application so it may be fixed by avoiding using the
deprecated exception (see Documentation/feature-removal-schedule.txt).

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, counters: fold __sync_task_rss_stat() into sync_mm_rss()
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:13 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm, counters: fold __sync_task_rss_stat() into sync_mm_rss()

There's no difference between sync_mm_rss() and __sync_task_rss_stat(),
so fold the latter into the former.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, counters: remove task argument to sync_mm_rss() and __sync_task_rss_stat()
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:13 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm, counters: remove task argument to sync_mm_rss() and __sync_task_rss_stat()

sync_mm_rss() can only be used for current to avoid race conditions in
iterating and clearing its per-task counters.  Remove the task argument
for it and its helper function, __sync_task_rss_stat(), to avoid thinking
it can be used safely for anything other than current.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agohugepages: fix use after free bug in "quota" handling
David Gibson [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:12 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
hugepages: fix use after free bug in "quota" handling

hugetlbfs_{get,put}_quota() are badly named.  They don't interact with the
general quota handling code, and they don't much resemble its behaviour.
Rather than being about maintaining limits on on-disk block usage by
particular users, they are instead about maintaining limits on in-memory
page usage (including anonymous MAP_PRIVATE copied-on-write pages)
associated with a particular hugetlbfs filesystem instance.

Worse, they work by having callbacks to the hugetlbfs filesystem code from
the low-level page handling code, in particular from free_huge_page().
This is a layering violation of itself, but more importantly, if the
kernel does a get_user_pages() on hugepages (which can happen from KVM
amongst others), then the free_huge_page() can be delayed until after the
associated inode has already been freed.  If an unmount occurs at the
wrong time, even the hugetlbfs superblock where the "quota" limits are
stored may have been freed.

Andrew Barry proposed a patch to fix this by having hugepages, instead of
storing a pointer to their address_space and reaching the superblock from
there, had the hugepages store pointers directly to the superblock,
bumping the reference count as appropriate to avoid it being freed.
Andrew Morton rejected that version, however, on the grounds that it made
the existing layering violation worse.

This is a reworked version of Andrew's patch, which removes the extra, and
some of the existing, layering violation.  It works by introducing the
concept of a hugepage "subpool" at the lower hugepage mm layer - that is a
finite logical pool of hugepages to allocate from.  hugetlbfs now creates
a subpool for each filesystem instance with a page limit set, and a
pointer to the subpool gets added to each allocated hugepage, instead of
the address_space pointer used now.  The subpool has its own lifetime and
is only freed once all pages in it _and_ all other references to it (i.e.
superblocks) are gone.

subpools are optional - a NULL subpool pointer is taken by the code to
mean that no subpool limits are in effect.

Previous discussion of this bug found in:  "Fix refcounting in hugetlbfs
quota handling.". See:  https://lkml.org/lkml/2011/8/11/28 or
http://marc.info/?l=linux-mm&m=126928970510627&w=1

v2: Fixed a bug spotted by Hillf Danton, and removed the extra parameter to
alloc_huge_page() - since it already takes the vma, it is not necessary.

Signed-off-by: Andrew Barry <abarry@cray.com>
Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agohugetlb: cleanup hugetlb.h
David Gibson [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:12 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
hugetlb: cleanup hugetlb.h

Make a couple of small cleanups to linux/include/hugetlb.h.  The
set_file_hugepages() function, which was not used anywhere is removed,
and the hugetlbfs_config and hugetlbfs_inode_info structures with its
HUGETLBFS_I helper function are moved into inode.c, the only place they
were used.

These structures are really linked to the hugetlbfs filesystem
specifically not to hugepage mm handling in general, so they belong in
the filesystem code not in a generally available header.

It would be nice to move the hugetlbfs_sb_info (superblock) structure in
there as well, but it's currently needed in a number of places via the
hstate_vma() and hstate_inode().

Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david@gibson.dropbear.id.au>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Andrew Barry <abarry@cray.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agoksm: cleanup: introduce find_mergeable_vma()
Bob Liu [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:11 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
ksm: cleanup: introduce find_mergeable_vma()

There are multiple places which perform the same check.  Add a new
find_mergeable_vma() to handle this.

Signed-off-by: Bob Liu <lliubbo@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agocpuset: mm: reduce large amounts of memory barrier related damage v3
Mel Gorman [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:11 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
cpuset: mm: reduce large amounts of memory barrier related damage v3

Commit c0ff7453bb5c ("cpuset,mm: fix no node to alloc memory when
changing cpuset's mems") wins a super prize for the largest number of
memory barriers entered into fast paths for one commit.

[get|put]_mems_allowed is incredibly heavy with pairs of full memory
barriers inserted into a number of hot paths.  This was detected while
investigating at large page allocator slowdown introduced some time
after 2.6.32.  The largest portion of this overhead was shown by
oprofile to be at an mfence introduced by this commit into the page
allocator hot path.

For extra style points, the commit introduced the use of yield() in an
implementation of what looks like a spinning mutex.

This patch replaces the full memory barriers on both read and write
sides with a sequence counter with just read barriers on the fast path
side.  This is much cheaper on some architectures, including x86.  The
main bulk of the patch is the retry logic if the nodemask changes in a
manner that can cause a false failure.

While updating the nodemask, a check is made to see if a false failure
is a risk.  If it is, the sequence number gets bumped and parallel
allocators will briefly stall while the nodemask update takes place.

In a page fault test microbenchmark, oprofile samples from
__alloc_pages_nodemask went from 4.53% of all samples to 1.15%.  The
actual results were

                             3.3.0-rc3          3.3.0-rc3
                             rc3-vanilla        nobarrier-v2r1
    Clients   1 UserTime       0.07 (  0.00%)   0.08 (-14.19%)
    Clients   2 UserTime       0.07 (  0.00%)   0.07 (  2.72%)
    Clients   4 UserTime       0.08 (  0.00%)   0.07 (  3.29%)
    Clients   1 SysTime        0.70 (  0.00%)   0.65 (  6.65%)
    Clients   2 SysTime        0.85 (  0.00%)   0.82 (  3.65%)
    Clients   4 SysTime        1.41 (  0.00%)   1.41 (  0.32%)
    Clients   1 WallTime       0.77 (  0.00%)   0.74 (  4.19%)
    Clients   2 WallTime       0.47 (  0.00%)   0.45 (  3.73%)
    Clients   4 WallTime       0.38 (  0.00%)   0.37 (  1.58%)
    Clients   1 Flt/sec/cpu  497620.28 (  0.00%) 520294.53 (  4.56%)
    Clients   2 Flt/sec/cpu  414639.05 (  0.00%) 429882.01 (  3.68%)
    Clients   4 Flt/sec/cpu  257959.16 (  0.00%) 258761.48 (  0.31%)
    Clients   1 Flt/sec      495161.39 (  0.00%) 517292.87 (  4.47%)
    Clients   2 Flt/sec      820325.95 (  0.00%) 850289.77 (  3.65%)
    Clients   4 Flt/sec      1020068.93 (  0.00%) 1022674.06 (  0.26%)
    MMTests Statistics: duration
    Sys Time Running Test (seconds)             135.68    132.17
    User+Sys Time Running Test (seconds)         164.2    160.13
    Total Elapsed Time (seconds)                123.46    120.87

The overall improvement is small but the System CPU time is much
improved and roughly in correlation to what oprofile reported (these
performance figures are without profiling so skew is expected).  The
actual number of page faults is noticeably improved.

For benchmarks like kernel builds, the overall benefit is marginal but
the system CPU time is slightly reduced.

To test the actual bug the commit fixed I opened two terminals.  The
first ran within a cpuset and continually ran a small program that
faulted 100M of anonymous data.  In a second window, the nodemask of the
cpuset was continually randomised in a loop.

Without the commit, the program would fail every so often (usually
within 10 seconds) and obviously with the commit everything worked fine.
With this patch applied, it also worked fine so the fix should be
functionally equivalent.

Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Miao Xie <miaox@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, memcg: pass charge order to oom killer
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:10 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm, memcg: pass charge order to oom killer

The oom killer typically displays the allocation order at the time of oom
as a part of its diangostic messages (for global, cpuset, and mempolicy
ooms).

The memory controller may also pass the charge order to the oom killer so
it can emit the same information.  This is useful in determining how large
the memory allocation is that triggered the oom killer.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm/vmscan.c: fix spelling error
Copot Alexandru [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:10 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm/vmscan.c: fix spelling error

s/noticable/noticeable/

Signed-off-by: Copot Alexandru <alex.mihai.c@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: update stale lock ordering comment for memory-failure.c
Andi Kleen [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:09 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: update stale lock ordering comment for memory-failure.c

When i_mmap_lock changed to a mutex the locking order in memory failure
was changed to take the sleeping lock first.  But the big fat mm lock
ordering comment (BFMLO) wasn't updated.  Do this here.

Pointed out by Andrew.

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: use global_dirty_limit in throttle_vm_writeout()
Fengguang Wu [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:09 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: use global_dirty_limit in throttle_vm_writeout()

When starting a memory hog task, a desktop box w/o swap is found to go
unresponsive for a long time.  It's solely caused by lots of congestion
waits in throttle_vm_writeout():

 gnome-system-mo-4201 553.073384: congestion_wait: throttle_vm_writeout+0x70/0x7f shrink_mem_cgroup_zone+0x48f/0x4a1
 gnome-system-mo-4201 553.073386: writeback_congestion_wait: usec_timeout=100000 usec_delayed=100000
           gtali-4237 553.080377: congestion_wait: throttle_vm_writeout+0x70/0x7f shrink_mem_cgroup_zone+0x48f/0x4a1
           gtali-4237 553.080378: writeback_congestion_wait: usec_timeout=100000 usec_delayed=100000
            Xorg-3483 553.103375: congestion_wait: throttle_vm_writeout+0x70/0x7f shrink_mem_cgroup_zone+0x48f/0x4a1
            Xorg-3483 553.103377: writeback_congestion_wait: usec_timeout=100000 usec_delayed=100000

The root cause is, the dirty threshold is knocked down a lot by the memory
hog task.  Fixed by using global_dirty_limit which decreases gradually on
such events and can guarantee we stay above (the also decreasing) nr_dirty
in the progress of following down to the new dirty threshold.

Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: don't set __GFP_WRITE on ramfs/sysfs writes
Fengguang Wu [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:08 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: don't set __GFP_WRITE on ramfs/sysfs writes

There is not much point in skipping zones during allocation based on the
dirty usage which they'll never contribute to.  And we'd like to avoid
page reclaim waits when writing to ramfs/sysfs etc.

Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ying Han <yinghan@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agohugetlbfs: avoid taking i_mutex from hugetlbfs_read()
Aneesh Kumar K.V [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:08 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
hugetlbfs: avoid taking i_mutex from hugetlbfs_read()

Taking i_mutex in hugetlbfs_read() can result in deadlock with mmap as
explained below

 Thread A:
  read() on hugetlbfs
   hugetlbfs_read() called
    i_mutex grabbed
     hugetlbfs_read_actor() called
      __copy_to_user() called
       page fault is triggered
 Thread B, sharing address space with A:
  mmap() the same file
   ->mmap_sem is grabbed on task_B->mm->mmap_sem
    hugetlbfs_file_mmap() is called
     attempt to grab ->i_mutex and block waiting for A to give it up
 Thread A:
  pagefault handled blocked on attempt to grab task_A->mm->mmap_sem,
 which happens to be the same thing as task_B->mm->mmap_sem.  Block waiting
 for B to give it up.

AFAIU the i_mutex locking was added to hugetlbfs_read() as per
http://lkml.indiana.edu/hypermail/linux/kernel/0707.2/3066.html to take
care of the race between truncate and read.  This patch fixes this by
looking at page->mapping under lock_page() (find_lock_page()) to ensure
that the inode didn't get truncated in the range during a parallel read.

Ideally we can extend the patch to make sure we don't increase i_size in
mmap.  But that will break userspace, because applications will now have
to use truncate(2) to increase i_size in hugetlbfs.

Based on the original patch from Hillf Danton.

Signed-off-by: Aneesh Kumar K.V <aneesh.kumar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: <stable@kernel.org> [everything after 2007 :)]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agobootmem/sparsemem: remove limit constraint in alloc_bootmem_section
Nishanth Aravamudan [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:07 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
bootmem/sparsemem: remove limit constraint in alloc_bootmem_section

While testing AMS (Active Memory Sharing) / CMO (Cooperative Memory
Overcommit) on powerpc, we tripped the following:

  kernel BUG at mm/bootmem.c:483!
  cpu 0x0: Vector: 700 (Program Check) at [c000000000c03940]
      pc: c000000000a62bd8: .alloc_bootmem_core+0x90/0x39c
      lr: c000000000a64bcc: .sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_node+0x84/0x29c
      sp: c000000000c03bc0
     msr: 8000000000021032
    current = 0xc000000000b0cce0
    paca    = 0xc000000001d80000
      pid   = 0, comm = swapper
  kernel BUG at mm/bootmem.c:483!
  enter ? for help
  [c000000000c03c80c000000000a64bcc
  .sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_node+0x84/0x29c
  [c000000000c03d50c000000000a64f10 .sparse_init+0x12c/0x28c
  [c000000000c03e20c000000000a474f4 .setup_arch+0x20c/0x294
  [c000000000c03ee0c000000000a4079c .start_kernel+0xb4/0x460
  [c000000000c03f90c000000000009670 .start_here_common+0x1c/0x2c

This is

        BUG_ON(limit && goal + size > limit);

and after some debugging, it seems that

goal = 0x7ffff000000
limit = 0x80000000000

and sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_node ->
sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_pgdat_section calls

return alloc_bootmem_section(usemap_size() * count, section_nr);

This is on a system with 8TB available via the AMS pool, and as a quirk
of AMS in firmware, all of that memory shows up in node 0.  So, we end
up with an allocation that will fail the goal/limit constraints.

In theory, we could "fall-back" to alloc_bootmem_node() in
sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_node(), but since we actually have HOTREMOVE
defined, we'll BUG_ON() instead.  A simple solution appears to be to
unconditionally remove the limit condition in alloc_bootmem_section,
meaning allocations are allowed to cross section boundaries (necessary
for systems of this size).

Johannes Weiner pointed out that if alloc_bootmem_section() no longer
guarantees section-locality, we need check_usemap_section_nr() to print
possible cross-dependencies between node descriptors and the usemaps
allocated through it.  That makes the two loops in
sparse_early_usemaps_alloc_node() identical, so re-factor the code a
bit.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: code simplification]
Signed-off-by: Nishanth Aravamudan <nacc@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <haveblue@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@au1.ibm.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Ben Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Robert Jennings <rcj@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [3.3.1]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: drain percpu lru add/rotate page-vectors on cpu hot-unplug
Konstantin Khlebnikov [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:06 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: drain percpu lru add/rotate page-vectors on cpu hot-unplug

This cpu hotplug hook was accidentally removed in commit 00a62ce91e55
("mm: fix Committed_AS underflow on large NR_CPUS environment")

The visible effect of this accident: some pages are borrowed in per-cpu
page-vectors.  Truncate can deal with it, but these pages cannot be
reused while this cpu is offline.  So this is like a temporary memory
leak.

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Eric B Munson <ebmunson@us.ibm.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: fix move/migrate_pages() race on task struct
Christoph Lameter [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:06 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: fix move/migrate_pages() race on task struct

Migration functions perform the rcu_read_unlock too early.  As a result
the task pointed to may change from under us.  This can result in an oops,
as reported by Dave Hansen in https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/2/23/302.

The following patch extend the period of the rcu_read_lock until after the
permissions checks are done.  We also take a refcount so that the task
reference is stable when calling security check functions and performing
cpuset node validation (which takes a mutex).

The refcount is dropped before actual page migration occurs so there is no
change to the refcounts held during page migration.

Also move the determination of the mm of the task struct to immediately
before the do_migrate*() calls so that it is clear that we switch from
handling the task during permission checks to the mm for the actual
migration.  Since the determination is only done once and we then no
longer use the task_struct we can be sure that we operate on a specific
address space that will not change from under us.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
Signed-off-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Reported-by: Dave Hansen <dave@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agothp: allow a hwpoisoned head page to be put back to LRU
Dean Nelson [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:05 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
thp: allow a hwpoisoned head page to be put back to LRU

Andrea Arcangeli pointed out to me that a check in __memory_failure()
which was intended to prevent THP tail pages from being checked for the
absence of the PG_lru flag (something that is always the case), was also
preventing THP head pages from being checked.

A THP head page could actually benefit from the call to shake_page() by
ending up being put back to a LRU, provided it had been waiting in a
pagevec array.

Andrea suggested that the "!PageTransCompound(p)" in the if-statement
should be replaced by a "!PageTransTail(p)", thus allowing THP head pages
to be checked and possibly shaken.

Signed-off-by: Dean Nelson <dnelson@redhat.com>
Cc: Jin Dongming <jin.dongming@np.css.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Hidetoshi Seto <seto.hidetoshi@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agotmpfs: security xattr setting on inode creation
Jarkko Sakkinen [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:05 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
tmpfs: security xattr setting on inode creation

Adds to generic xattr support introduced in Linux 3.0 by implementing
initxattrs callback.  This enables consulting of security attributes from
LSM and EVM when inode is created.

[hughd@google.com: moved under CONFIG_TMPFS_XATTR, with memcpy in shmem_xattr_alloc]
Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko.sakkinen@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, oom: force oom kill on sysrq+f
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:04 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm, oom: force oom kill on sysrq+f

The oom killer chooses not to kill a thread if:

 - an eligible thread has already been oom killed and has yet to exit,
   and

 - an eligible thread is exiting but has yet to free all its memory and
   is not the thread attempting to currently allocate memory.

SysRq+F manually invokes the global oom killer to kill a memory-hogging
task.  This is normally done as a last resort to free memory when no
progress is being made or to test the oom killer itself.

For both uses, we always want to kill a thread and never defer.  This
patch causes SysRq+F to always kill an eligible thread and can be used to
force a kill even if another oom killed thread has failed to exit.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agoprocfs: mark thread stack correctly in proc/<pid>/maps
Siddhesh Poyarekar [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:04 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
procfs: mark thread stack correctly in proc/<pid>/maps

Stack for a new thread is mapped by userspace code and passed via
sys_clone.  This memory is currently seen as anonymous in
/proc/<pid>/maps, which makes it difficult to ascertain which mappings
are being used for thread stacks.  This patch uses the individual task
stack pointers to determine which vmas are actually thread stacks.

For a multithreaded program like the following:

#include <pthread.h>

void *thread_main(void *foo)
{
while(1);
}

int main()
{
pthread_t t;
pthread_create(&t, NULL, thread_main, NULL);
pthread_join(t, NULL);
}

proc/PID/maps looks like the following:

    00400000-00401000 r-xp 00000000 fd:0a 3671804                            /home/siddhesh/a.out
    00600000-00601000 rw-p 00000000 fd:0a 3671804                            /home/siddhesh/a.out
    019ef000-01a10000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                                  [heap]
    7f8a44491000-7f8a44492000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a44492000-7f8a44c92000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a44c92000-7f8a44e3d000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a44e3d000-7f8a4503d000 ---p 001ab000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4503d000-7f8a45041000 r--p 001ab000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45041000-7f8a45043000 rw-p 001af000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45043000-7f8a45048000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45048000-7f8a4505f000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4505f000-7f8a4525e000 ---p 00017000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4525e000-7f8a4525f000 r--p 00016000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4525f000-7f8a45260000 rw-p 00017000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45260000-7f8a45264000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45264000-7f8a45286000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45457000-7f8a4545a000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45484000-7f8a45485000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45485000-7f8a45486000 r--p 00021000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45486000-7f8a45487000 rw-p 00022000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45487000-7f8a45488000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7fff6273b000-7fff6275c000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                          [stack]
    7fff627ff000-7fff62800000 r-xp 00000000 00:00 0                          [vdso]
    ffffffffff600000-ffffffffff601000 r-xp 00000000 00:00 0                  [vsyscall]

Here, one could guess that 7f8a44492000-7f8a44c92000 is a stack since
the earlier vma that has no permissions (7f8a44e3d000-7f8a4503d000) but
that is not always a reliable way to find out which vma is a thread
stack.  Also, /proc/PID/maps and /proc/PID/task/TID/maps has the same
content.

With this patch in place, /proc/PID/task/TID/maps are treated as 'maps
as the task would see it' and hence, only the vma that that task uses as
stack is marked as [stack].  All other 'stack' vmas are marked as
anonymous memory.  /proc/PID/maps acts as a thread group level view,
where all thread stack vmas are marked as [stack:TID] where TID is the
process ID of the task that uses that vma as stack, while the process
stack is marked as [stack].

So /proc/PID/maps will look like this:

    00400000-00401000 r-xp 00000000 fd:0a 3671804                            /home/siddhesh/a.out
    00600000-00601000 rw-p 00000000 fd:0a 3671804                            /home/siddhesh/a.out
    019ef000-01a10000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                                  [heap]
    7f8a44491000-7f8a44492000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a44492000-7f8a44c92000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                          [stack:1442]
    7f8a44c92000-7f8a44e3d000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a44e3d000-7f8a4503d000 ---p 001ab000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4503d000-7f8a45041000 r--p 001ab000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45041000-7f8a45043000 rw-p 001af000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45043000-7f8a45048000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45048000-7f8a4505f000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4505f000-7f8a4525e000 ---p 00017000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4525e000-7f8a4525f000 r--p 00016000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4525f000-7f8a45260000 rw-p 00017000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45260000-7f8a45264000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45264000-7f8a45286000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45457000-7f8a4545a000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45484000-7f8a45485000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45485000-7f8a45486000 r--p 00021000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45486000-7f8a45487000 rw-p 00022000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45487000-7f8a45488000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7fff6273b000-7fff6275c000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                          [stack]
    7fff627ff000-7fff62800000 r-xp 00000000 00:00 0                          [vdso]
    ffffffffff600000-ffffffffff601000 r-xp 00000000 00:00 0                  [vsyscall]

Thus marking all vmas that are used as stacks by the threads in the
thread group along with the process stack.  The task level maps will
however like this:

    00400000-00401000 r-xp 00000000 fd:0a 3671804                            /home/siddhesh/a.out
    00600000-00601000 rw-p 00000000 fd:0a 3671804                            /home/siddhesh/a.out
    019ef000-01a10000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                                  [heap]
    7f8a44491000-7f8a44492000 ---p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a44492000-7f8a44c92000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                          [stack]
    7f8a44c92000-7f8a44e3d000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a44e3d000-7f8a4503d000 ---p 001ab000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4503d000-7f8a45041000 r--p 001ab000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45041000-7f8a45043000 rw-p 001af000 fd:00 2097482                    /lib64/libc-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45043000-7f8a45048000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45048000-7f8a4505f000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4505f000-7f8a4525e000 ---p 00017000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4525e000-7f8a4525f000 r--p 00016000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a4525f000-7f8a45260000 rw-p 00017000 fd:00 2099938                    /lib64/libpthread-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45260000-7f8a45264000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45264000-7f8a45286000 r-xp 00000000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45457000-7f8a4545a000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45484000-7f8a45485000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7f8a45485000-7f8a45486000 r--p 00021000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45486000-7f8a45487000 rw-p 00022000 fd:00 2097348                    /lib64/ld-2.14.90.so
    7f8a45487000-7f8a45488000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7fff6273b000-7fff6275c000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0
    7fff627ff000-7fff62800000 r-xp 00000000 00:00 0                          [vdso]
    ffffffffff600000-ffffffffff601000 r-xp 00000000 00:00 0                  [vsyscall]

where only the vma that is being used as a stack by *that* task is
marked as [stack].

Analogous changes have been made to /proc/PID/smaps,
/proc/PID/numa_maps, /proc/PID/task/TID/smaps and
/proc/PID/task/TID/numa_maps. Relevant snippets from smaps and
numa_maps:

    [siddhesh@localhost ~ ]$ pgrep a.out
    1441
    [siddhesh@localhost ~ ]$ cat /proc/1441/smaps | grep "\[stack"
    7f8a44492000-7f8a44c92000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                          [stack:1442]
    7fff6273b000-7fff6275c000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                          [stack]
    [siddhesh@localhost ~ ]$ cat /proc/1441/task/1442/smaps | grep "\[stack"
    7f8a44492000-7f8a44c92000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                          [stack]
    [siddhesh@localhost ~ ]$ cat /proc/1441/task/1441/smaps | grep "\[stack"
    7fff6273b000-7fff6275c000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                          [stack]
    [siddhesh@localhost ~ ]$ cat /proc/1441/numa_maps | grep "stack"
    7f8a44492000 default stack:1442 anon=2 dirty=2 N0=2
    7fff6273a000 default stack anon=3 dirty=3 N0=3
    [siddhesh@localhost ~ ]$ cat /proc/1441/task/1442/numa_maps | grep "stack"
    7f8a44492000 default stack anon=2 dirty=2 N0=2
    [siddhesh@localhost ~ ]$ cat /proc/1441/task/1441/numa_maps | grep "stack"
    7fff6273a000 default stack anon=3 dirty=3 N0=3

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix build]
Signed-off-by: Siddhesh Poyarekar <siddhesh.poyarekar@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Jamie Lokier <jamie@shareable.org>
Cc: Mike Frysinger <vapier@gentoo.org>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: hugetlb: bail out unmapping after serving reference page
Hillf Danton [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:03 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: hugetlb: bail out unmapping after serving reference page

When unmapping a given VM range, we could bail out if a reference page is
supplied and is unmapped, which is a minor optimization.

Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agothp: documentation: 'transparent_hugepage=' can also be specified on cmdline
Jiri Kosina [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:02 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
thp: documentation: 'transparent_hugepage=' can also be specified on cmdline

The behavior of THP can either be toggled through sysfs in runtime or
using a kernel cmdline parameter 'transparent_hugepage='.  Document the
latter in kernel-parameters.txt

Signed-off-by: Jiri Kosina <jkosina@suse.cz>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agovmscan: handle isolated pages with lru lock released
Hillf Danton [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:02 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
vmscan: handle isolated pages with lru lock released

When shrinking inactive lru list, isolated pages are queued on locally
private list, so the lock-hold time could be reduced if pages are counted
without lock protection.

To achieve that, firstly updating reclaim stat is delayed until the
putback stage, after reacquiring the lru lock.

Secondly, operations related to vm and zone stats are now proteced with
preemption disabled as they are per-cpu operations.

Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agormap: remove __anon_vma_link() declaration
Xiao Guangrong [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:01 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
rmap: remove __anon_vma_link() declaration

This declaration is not used anymore, remove it.

Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agormap: anon_vma_prepare: Reduce code duplication by calling anon_vma_chain_link
Kautuk Consul [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:01 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
rmap: anon_vma_prepare: Reduce code duplication by calling anon_vma_chain_link

Reduce code duplication by calling anon_vma_chain_link() from
anon_vma_prepare().

Also move anon_vmal_chain_link() to a more suitable location in the file.

Signed-off-by: Kautuk Consul <consul.kautuk@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: hugetlb: defer freeing pages when gathering surplus pages
Hillf Danton [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:00 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: hugetlb: defer freeing pages when gathering surplus pages

When gathering surplus pages, the number of needed pages is recomputed
after reacquiring hugetlb lock to catch changes in resv_huge_pages and
free_huge_pages.  Plus it is recomputed with the number of newly allocated
pages involved.

Thus freeing pages can be deferred a bit to see if the final page request
is satisfied, though pages could be allocated less than needed.

Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: vmscan: forcibly scan highmem if there are too many buffer_heads pinning highmem
Mel Gorman [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:34:00 +0000 (16:34 -0700)]
mm: vmscan: forcibly scan highmem if there are too many buffer_heads pinning highmem

Stuart Foster reported on bugzilla that copying large amounts of data
from NTFS caused an OOM kill on 32-bit X86 with 16G of memory.  Andrew
Morton correctly identified that the problem was NTFS was using 512
blocks meaning each page had 8 buffer_heads in low memory pinning it.

In the past, direct reclaim used to scan highmem even if the allocating
process did not specify __GFP_HIGHMEM but not any more.  kswapd no longer
will reclaim from zones that are above the high watermark.  The intention
in both cases was to minimise unnecessary reclaim.  The downside is on
machines with large amounts of highmem that lowmem can be fully consumed
by buffer_heads with nothing trying to free them.

The following patch is based on a suggestion by Andrew Morton to extend
the buffer_heads_over_limit case to force kswapd and direct reclaim to
scan the highmem zone regardless of the allocation request or watermarks.

Addresses https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=42578

[hughd@google.com: move buffer_heads_over_limit check up]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: buffer_heads_over_limit is unlikely]
Reported-by: Stuart Foster <smf.linux@ntlworld.com>
Tested-by: Stuart Foster <smf.linux@ntlworld.com>
Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: replace PAGE_MIGRATION with IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MIGRATION)
Konstantin Khlebnikov [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:59 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm: replace PAGE_MIGRATION with IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MIGRATION)

Since commit 2a11c8ea20bf ("kconfig: Introduce IS_ENABLED(),
IS_BUILTIN() and IS_MODULE()") there is a generic grep-friendly method
for checking config options in C expressions.

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agopagemap: introduce data structure for pagemap entry
Naoya Horiguchi [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:59 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
pagemap: introduce data structure for pagemap entry

Currently a local variable of pagemap entry in pagemap_pte_range() is
named pfn and typed with u64, but it's not correct (pfn should be unsigned
long.)

This patch introduces special type for pagemap entries and replaces code
with it.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agopagemap: document KPF_THP and make page-types aware of it
Naoya Horiguchi [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:58 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
pagemap: document KPF_THP and make page-types aware of it

page-types, which is a common user of pagemap, gets aware of thp with this
patch.  This helps system admins and kernel hackers know about how thp
works.  Here is a sample output of page-types over a thp:

  $ page-types -p <pid> --raw --list

  voffset offset  len     flags
  ...
  7f9d40200       3f8400  1       ___U_lA____Ma_bH______t____________
  7f9d40201       3f8401  1ff     ________________T_____t____________

               flags      page-count       MB  symbolic-flags                     long-symbolic-flags
  0x0000000000410000             511        1  ________________T_____t____________        compound_tail,thp
  0x000000000040d868               1        0  ___U_lA____Ma_bH______t____________        uptodate,lru,active,mmap,anonymous,swapbacked,compound_head,thp

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agopagemap: export KPF_THP
Naoya Horiguchi [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:58 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
pagemap: export KPF_THP

This flag shows that a given page is a subpage of a transparent hugepage.
It helps us debug and test the kernel by showing physical address of thp.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Reviewed-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agothp: optimize away unnecessary page table locking
Naoya Horiguchi [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:57 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
thp: optimize away unnecessary page table locking

Currently when we check if we can handle thp as it is or we need to split
it into regular sized pages, we hold page table lock prior to check
whether a given pmd is mapping thp or not.  Because of this, when it's not
"huge pmd" we suffer from unnecessary lock/unlock overhead.  To remove it,
this patch introduces a optimized check function and replace several
similar logics with it.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agopagemap: avoid splitting thp when reading /proc/pid/pagemap
Naoya Horiguchi [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:57 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
pagemap: avoid splitting thp when reading /proc/pid/pagemap

Thp split is not necessary if we explicitly check whether pmds are mapping
thps or not.  This patch introduces this check and adds code to generate
pagemap entries for pmds mapping thps, which results in less performance
impact of pagemap on thp.

Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <n-horiguchi@ah.jp.nec.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: search from free_area_cache for the bigger size
Xiao Guangrong [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:56 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm: search from free_area_cache for the bigger size

If the required size is bigger than cached_hole_size it is better to
search from free_area_cache - it is easier to get a free region,
specifically for the 64 bit process whose address space is large enough

Do it just as hugetlb_get_unmapped_area_topdown() in arch/x86/mm/hugetlbpage.c

Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: do not reset cached_hole_size when vma is unmapped
Xiao Guangrong [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:56 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm: do not reset cached_hole_size when vma is unmapped

In the current code, cached_hole_size is set to the maximum value if the
unmapped vma is less that free_area_cache so the next search will search
from the base address.

Actually, we can keep cached_hole_size so that if the next required size
is more than cached_hole_size, it can search from free_area_cache.

Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agohugetlb: try to search again if it is really needed
Xiao Guangrong [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:55 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
hugetlb: try to search again if it is really needed

Search again only if some holes may be skipped in the first pass.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: clean up crazy compound definition]
Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agohugetlbfs: fix hugetlb_get_unmapped_area()
Xiao Guangrong [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:54 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
hugetlbfs: fix hugetlb_get_unmapped_area()

Use/update cached_hole_size and free_area_cache properly to speedup
finding of a free region.

Signed-off-by: Xiao Guangrong <xiaoguangrong@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: compaction: make compact_control order signed
Dan Carpenter [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:54 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm: compaction: make compact_control order signed

"order" is -1 when compacting via /proc/sys/vm/compact_memory.  Making
it unsigned causes a bug in __compact_pgdat() when we test:

if (cc->order < 0 || !compaction_deferred(zone, cc->order))
compact_zone(zone, cc);

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: make __compact_pgdat()'s comparison match other code sites]
Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agocompact_pgdat: workaround lockdep warning in kswapd
Hugh Dickins [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:53 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
compact_pgdat: workaround lockdep warning in kswapd

I get this lockdep warning from swapping load on linux-next, due to
"vmscan: kswapd carefully call compaction".

=================================
[ INFO: inconsistent lock state ]
3.3.0-rc2-next-20120201 #5 Not tainted
---------------------------------
inconsistent {RECLAIM_FS-ON-W} -> {IN-RECLAIM_FS-W} usage.
kswapd0/28 [HC0[0]:SC0[0]:HE1:SE1] takes:
 (pcpu_alloc_mutex){+.+.?.}, at: [<ffffffff810d6684>] pcpu_alloc+0x67/0x325
{RECLAIM_FS-ON-W} state was registered at:
  [<ffffffff81099b75>] mark_held_locks+0xd7/0x103
  [<ffffffff8109a13c>] lockdep_trace_alloc+0x85/0x9e
  [<ffffffff810f6bdc>] __kmalloc+0x6c/0x14b
  [<ffffffff810d57fd>] pcpu_mem_zalloc+0x59/0x62
  [<ffffffff810d5d16>] pcpu_extend_area_map+0x26/0xb1
  [<ffffffff810d679f>] pcpu_alloc+0x182/0x325
  [<ffffffff810d694d>] __alloc_percpu+0xb/0xd
  [<ffffffff8142ebfd>] snmp_mib_init+0x1e/0x2e
  [<ffffffff8185cd8d>] ipv4_mib_init_net+0x7a/0x184
  [<ffffffff813dc963>] ops_init.clone.0+0x6b/0x73
  [<ffffffff813dc9cc>] register_pernet_operations+0x61/0xa0
  [<ffffffff813dca8e>] register_pernet_subsys+0x29/0x42
  [<ffffffff8185d044>] inet_init+0x1ad/0x252
  [<ffffffff810002e3>] do_one_initcall+0x7a/0x12f
  [<ffffffff81832bc5>] kernel_init+0x9d/0x11e
  [<ffffffff814e51e4>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
irq event stamp: 656613
hardirqs last  enabled at (656613): [<ffffffff814e0ddc>] __mutex_unlock_slowpath+0x104/0x128
hardirqs last disabled at (656612): [<ffffffff814e0d34>] __mutex_unlock_slowpath+0x5c/0x128
softirqs last  enabled at (655568): [<ffffffff8105b4a5>] __do_softirq+0x120/0x136
softirqs last disabled at (654757): [<ffffffff814e52dc>] call_softirq+0x1c/0x30

other info that might help us debug this:
 Possible unsafe locking scenario:

       CPU0
       ----
  lock(pcpu_alloc_mutex);
  <Interrupt>
    lock(pcpu_alloc_mutex);

 *** DEADLOCK ***

no locks held by kswapd0/28.

stack backtrace:
Pid: 28, comm: kswapd0 Not tainted 3.3.0-rc2-next-20120201 #5
Call Trace:
 [<ffffffff810981f4>] print_usage_bug+0x1bf/0x1d0
 [<ffffffff81096c3e>] ? print_irq_inversion_bug+0x1d9/0x1d9
 [<ffffffff810982c0>] mark_lock_irq+0xbb/0x22e
 [<ffffffff810c5399>] ? free_hot_cold_page+0x13d/0x14f
 [<ffffffff81098684>] mark_lock+0x251/0x331
 [<ffffffff81098893>] mark_irqflags+0x12f/0x141
 [<ffffffff81098e32>] __lock_acquire+0x58d/0x753
 [<ffffffff810d6684>] ? pcpu_alloc+0x67/0x325
 [<ffffffff81099433>] lock_acquire+0x54/0x6a
 [<ffffffff810d6684>] ? pcpu_alloc+0x67/0x325
 [<ffffffff8107a5b8>] ? add_preempt_count+0xa9/0xae
 [<ffffffff814e0a21>] mutex_lock_nested+0x5e/0x315
 [<ffffffff810d6684>] ? pcpu_alloc+0x67/0x325
 [<ffffffff81098f81>] ? __lock_acquire+0x6dc/0x753
 [<ffffffff810c9fb0>] ? __pagevec_release+0x2c/0x2c
 [<ffffffff810d6684>] pcpu_alloc+0x67/0x325
 [<ffffffff810c9fb0>] ? __pagevec_release+0x2c/0x2c
 [<ffffffff810d694d>] __alloc_percpu+0xb/0xd
 [<ffffffff8106c35e>] schedule_on_each_cpu+0x23/0x110
 [<ffffffff810c9fcb>] lru_add_drain_all+0x10/0x12
 [<ffffffff810f126f>] __compact_pgdat+0x20/0x182
 [<ffffffff810f15c2>] compact_pgdat+0x27/0x29
 [<ffffffff810c306b>] ? zone_watermark_ok+0x1a/0x1c
 [<ffffffff810cdf6f>] balance_pgdat+0x732/0x751
 [<ffffffff810ce0ed>] kswapd+0x15f/0x178
 [<ffffffff810cdf8e>] ? balance_pgdat+0x751/0x751
 [<ffffffff8106fd11>] kthread+0x84/0x8c
 [<ffffffff814e51e4>] kernel_thread_helper+0x4/0x10
 [<ffffffff810787ed>] ? finish_task_switch+0x85/0xea
 [<ffffffff814e3861>] ? retint_restore_args+0xe/0xe
 [<ffffffff8106fc8d>] ? __init_kthread_worker+0x56/0x56
 [<ffffffff814e51e0>] ? gs_change+0xb/0xb

The RECLAIM_FS notations indicate that it's doing the GFP_FS checking that
Nick hacked into lockdep a while back: I think we're intended to read that
"<Interrupt>" in the DEADLOCK scenario as "<Direct reclaim>".

I'm hazy, I have not reached any conclusion as to whether it's right to
complain or not; but I believe it's uneasy about kswapd now doing the
mutex_lock(&pcpu_alloc_mutex) which lru_add_drain_all() entails.  Nor have
I reached any conclusion as to whether it's important for kswapd to do
that draining or not.

But so as not to get blocked on this, with lockdep disabled from giving
further reports, here's a patch which removes the lru_add_drain_all() from
kswapd's callpath (and calls it only once from compact_nodes(), instead of
once per node).

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agovmscan: only defer compaction for failed order and higher
Rik van Riel [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:52 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
vmscan: only defer compaction for failed order and higher

Currently a failed order-9 (transparent hugepage) compaction can lead to
memory compaction being temporarily disabled for a memory zone.  Even if
we only need compaction for an order 2 allocation, eg.  for jumbo frames
networking.

The fix is relatively straightforward: keep track of the highest order at
which compaction is succeeding, and only defer compaction for orders at
which compaction is failing.

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agovmscan: kswapd carefully call compaction
Rik van Riel [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:52 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
vmscan: kswapd carefully call compaction

With CONFIG_COMPACTION enabled, kswapd does not try to free contiguous
free pages, even when it is woken for a higher order request.

This could be bad for eg.  jumbo frame network allocations, which are done
from interrupt context and cannot compact memory themselves.  Higher than
before allocation failure rates in the network receive path have been
observed in kernels with compaction enabled.

Teach kswapd to defragment the memory zones in a node, but only if
required and compaction is not deferred in a zone.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: reduce scope of zones_need_compaction]
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agovmscan: reclaim at order 0 when compaction is enabled
Rik van Riel [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:51 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
vmscan: reclaim at order 0 when compaction is enabled

When built with CONFIG_COMPACTION, kswapd should not try to free
contiguous pages, because it is not trying hard enough to have a real
chance at being successful, but still disrupts the LRU enough to break
other things.

Do not do higher order page isolation unless we really are in lumpy
reclaim mode.

Stop reclaiming pages once we have enough free pages that compaction can
deal with things, and we hit the normal order 0 watermarks used by kswapd.

Also remove a line of code that increments balanced right before exiting
the function.

Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: make swapin readahead skip over holes
Rik van Riel [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:50 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm: make swapin readahead skip over holes

Ever since abandoning the virtual scan of processes, for scalability
reasons, swap space has been a little more fragmented than before.  This
can lead to the situation where a large memory user is killed, swap space
ends up full of "holes" and swapin readahead is totally ineffective.

On my home system, after killing a leaky firefox it took over an hour to
page just under 2GB of memory back in, slowing the virtual machines down
to a crawl.

This patch makes swapin readahead simply skip over holes, instead of
stopping at them.  This allows the system to swap things back in at rates
of several MB/second, instead of a few hundred kB/second.

The checks done in valid_swaphandles are already done in
read_swap_cache_async as well, allowing us to remove a fair amount of
code.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix it for page_cluster >= 32]
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Adrian Drzewiecki <z@drze.net>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: vmscan: fix misused nr_reclaimed in shrink_mem_cgroup_zone()
Hillf Danton [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:50 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm: vmscan: fix misused nr_reclaimed in shrink_mem_cgroup_zone()

The value of nr_reclaimed is the number of pages reclaimed in the current
round of the loop, whereas nr_to_reclaim should be compared with the
number of pages reclaimed in all rounds.

In each round of the loop, reclaimed pages are cut off from the reclaim
goal, and the loop stops once the goal achieved.

Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: make get_mm_counter static-inline
Konstantin Khlebnikov [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:49 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm: make get_mm_counter static-inline

Make get_mm_counter() always static inline, it is simple enough for that.
And remove unused set_mm_counter()

bloat-o-meter:

add/remove: 0/1 grow/shrink: 4/12 up/down: 99/-341 (-242)
function                                     old     new   delta
try_to_unmap_one                             886     952     +66
sys_remap_file_pages                        1214    1230     +16
dup_mm                                      1684    1700     +16
do_exit                                     2277    2278      +1
zap_page_range                               208     205      -3
unmap_region                                 304     296      -8
static.oom_kill_process                      554     546      -8
try_to_unmap_file                           1716    1700     -16
getrusage                                    925     909     -16
flush_old_exec                              1704    1688     -16
static.dump_header                           416     390     -26
acct_update_integrals                        218     187     -31
do_task_stat                                2986    2954     -32
get_mm_counter                                34       -     -34
xacct_add_tsk                                371     334     -37
task_statm                                   172     118     -54
task_mem                                     383     323     -60

try_to_unmap_one() grows because update_hiwater_rss() now completely inline.

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill@shutemov.name>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm/vmscan.c: cleanup with s/reclaim_mode/isolate_mode/
Hillf Danton [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:48 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm/vmscan.c: cleanup with s/reclaim_mode/isolate_mode/

With tons of reclaim_mode (defined as one field of struct scan_control)
already in the file, it is clearer to rename the local reclaim_mode when
setting up the isolation mode.

Signed-off-by: Hillf Danton <dhillf@gmail.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm: add rss counters consistency check
Konstantin Khlebnikov [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:48 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm: add rss counters consistency check

Warn about non-zero rss counters at final mmdrop.

This check will prevent reoccurences of bugs such as that fixed in "mm:
fix rss count leakage during migration".

I didn't hide this check under CONFIG_VM_DEBUG because it rather small and
rss counters cover whole page-table management, so this is a good
invariant.

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, oom: introduce independent oom killer ratelimit state
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:47 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm, oom: introduce independent oom killer ratelimit state

printk_ratelimit() uses the global ratelimit state for all printks.  The
oom killer should not be subjected to this state just because another
subsystem or driver may be flooding the kernel log.

This patch introduces printk ratelimiting specifically for the oom killer.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, oom: do not emit oom killer warning if chosen thread is already exiting
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:47 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm, oom: do not emit oom killer warning if chosen thread is already exiting

If a thread is chosen for oom kill and is already PF_EXITING, then the oom
killer simply sets TIF_MEMDIE and returns.  This allows the thread to have
access to memory reserves so that it may quickly exit.  This logic is
preceeded with a comment saying there's no need to alarm the sysadmin.
This patch adds truth to that statement.

There's no need to emit any warning about the oom condition if the thread
is already exiting since it will not be killed.  In this condition, just
silently return the oom killer since its only giving access to memory
reserves and is otherwise a no-op.

Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, oom: fold oom_kill_task() into oom_kill_process()
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:46 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm, oom: fold oom_kill_task() into oom_kill_process()

oom_kill_task() has a single caller, so fold it into its parent function,
oom_kill_process().  Slightly reduces the number of lines in the oom
killer.

Acked-by: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reviewed-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agomm, oom: avoid looping when chosen thread detaches its mm
David Rientjes [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:46 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
mm, oom: avoid looping when chosen thread detaches its mm

oom_kill_task() returns non-zero iff the chosen process does not have any
threads with an attached ->mm.

In such a case, it's better to just return to the page allocator and retry
the allocation because memory could have been freed in the interim and the
oom condition may no longer exist.  It's unnecessary to loop in the oom
killer and find another thread to kill.

This allows both oom_kill_task() and oom_kill_process() to be converted to
void functions.  If the oom condition persists, the oom killer will be
recalled.

Acked-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agosparc: use block_sigmask()
Matt Fleming [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:46 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
sparc: use block_sigmask()

Use the new helper function introduced in commit 5e6292c0f28f ("signal:
add block_sigmask() for adding sigmask to current->blocked") which
centralises the code for updating current->blocked after successfully
delivering a signal and reduces the amount of duplicate code across
architectures.  In the past some architectures got this code wrong, so
using this helper function should stop that from happening again.

Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Acked-by: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agoxtensa: use set_current_blocked() and block_sigmask()
Matt Fleming [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:45 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
xtensa: use set_current_blocked() and block_sigmask()

As described in commit e6fa16ab9c1e ("signal: sigprocmask() should do
retarget_shared_pending()") the modification of current->blocked is
incorrect as we need to check whether the signal we're about to block is
pending in the shared queue.

Also, use the new helper function introduced in commit 5e6292c0f28f
("signal: add block_sigmask() for adding sigmask to current->blocked")
which centralises the code for updating current->blocked after
successfully delivering a signal and reduces the amount of duplicate code
across architectures.  In the past some architectures got this code wrong,
so using this helper function should stop that from happening again.

Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net>
Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agoxtensa: don't mask signals if we fail to setup signal stack
Matt Fleming [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:45 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
xtensa: don't mask signals if we fail to setup signal stack

setup_frame() needs to return an indication of whether it succeeded or
failed in setting up the signal stack frame.  If setup_frame() fails then
we must not modify current->blocked.

Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net>
Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 years agoxtensa: no need to reset handler if SA_ONESHOT
Matt Fleming [Wed, 21 Mar 2012 23:33:44 +0000 (16:33 -0700)]
xtensa: no need to reset handler if SA_ONESHOT

get_signal_to_deliver() already resets the signal handler if SA_ONESHOT
is set in ka->sa.sa_flags, there's no need to do it again in
handle_signal().

Furthermore, because we were modifying ka->sa.sa_handler (which is a
copy of sighand->action[]) instead of sighand->action[] the original
code actually had no effect on signal delivery.

Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Chris Zankel <chris@zankel.net>
Signed-off-by: Matt Fleming <matt.fleming@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>